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Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

Introduction After decades of conflict, an agreement in 2005 set in motion the processes that would lead South Sudan to become an independent nation-state in 2011. After an initial period of optimism, conflict re-emerged; first over control of oil resources in 2012, and then in the form of a civil war, starting in 2013. The conflict has caused the displacement of millions of people internally and internationally as refugees. Compounded by the lack of basic infrastructure and services, limited capacity, and minimal governmental presence outside of Juba

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Edward M. Spiers

Using railways for operational support was the primary mission envisaged by the late Victorian army. Only a couple of the railways had been built completely in theatre during a conflict; both of these (in the Crimea and Abyssinia) were relatively short, and the latter was relatively far to the rear. None of the Victorian works of construction emulated the length and significance of the Sudan Military Railway, a

in Engines for empire
Mohammed Sharfi

security impact in the Horn of Africa. Sudan is an important country in the Horn, and plays a central part in the GCC rivalry, due to its economic potential and strategic location. The dispute triggered hard choices for the Sudanese regime in the domestic and international spheres. The Gulf states were central in the shape and form of Sudanese foreign policy with its close geographical proximity, huge financial resources and their emerging international influence. Following the arrival of the National Salvation Revolution (NSR) to power in 1989, there was continuous

in The Gulf States and the Horn of Africa
Douglas H. Johnson

‘Knowledge is power, in Africa and elsewhere’, wrote Sir Reginald Wingate in his foreword to the first issue of Sudan Notes and Records in 1918 (Wingate 1918: 1). As the head of the Egyptian Army’s Military Intelligence department in the lead-up to the Reconquest of the Sudan (1896–99), and as the one who introduced the format of regular

in Ordering Africa
Open Access (free)
Edward M. Spiers

logistic problems of operating in the Sudan were overcome and how an Anglo-Egyptian army defeated the forces of the Khalifa. Some of these letters have been reproduced, 3 others have embellished well-known accounts of the campaign, particularly those commemorating the centenary of the battle of Omdurman; 4 but the surviving correspondence is even more voluminous than these sources suggest. Although most

in The Victorian soldier in Africa
Abstract only
Imperial legacies and cultures in New Zealand’s rule over the Mandated Territory of Western Samoa
Patricia O’Brien

battle. 3 For Fergusson, the Sudan left an indelible mark. It became the lens through which he refracted imperial polemics three decades after the Battle of Rosaires, when he presided over another insurrection against imperial rule, this time in the Pacific. After the Sudan, Fergusson’s military career took him to Ulster and then on to the Western Front during the First

in New Zealand’s empire
Open Access (free)
Interpreting Violence on Healthcare in the Early Stage of the South Sudanese Civil War
Xavier Crombé
Joanna Kuper

Introduction 1 On 15 December 2013, only two and a half years after the Republic of South Sudan had become an independent state, the long-simmering tensions between President Salva Kiir and his former vice-president, Riek Machar, erupted into armed clashes in the capital, Juba. War soon broke out. This article seeks to document and analyse violence affecting the provision of healthcare by Médecins Sans Frontières (MSF) and its intended

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot
Lisa DiPangrazio
Dorcas Acen
Veronica Gatpan
, and
Ronald Apunyo

Introduction Child marriage occurs frequently in the post-conflict setting of South Sudan, where ongoing inter-clan violence is accompanied by food insecurity and significant humanitarian need. Child marriage – defined as a union where one or more partners is aged under 18 – is a significant problem across the world. Globally, one in every five girls is married before the age of 18, while one in every three of these child marriages occurs in sub-Saharan Africa ( UNICEF, 2018 ). UNICEF (2018) estimates that 650 million women who are alive today were

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar
Benjamin J. Spatz
Alex de Waal
Christopher Newton
, and
Daniel Maxwell

several severe complex emergencies (North-east Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, Sudan, Yemen, Syria and the Democratic Republic of the Congo). 4 Our research from those cases 5 finds that a dominant logic of elite political behaviour is the political marketplace (PM). This applies where transactional politics (the day-to-day use of coercion/violence or material incentives among members of the elite) trumps the functioning of formal rules and institutions. Such transactional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs