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Dimitris Tsarouhas

6 A new Swedish model? Swedish social democracy at the crossroads Dimitris Tsarouhas Introduction Sweden has for a long time been viewed as a paradigmatic case for progressive politics. Swedish social democracy, to which the progressive character of such politics was attributed, could legitimately claim to have mastered the historic task of the revisionist Left: building a societal coalition around the goal of enhancing social welfare for all, while safeguarding the profitability of business and delivering economic growth. When economic crisis hit home in the

in In search of social democracy
Abstract only
State-supported agency
Michael Rush

3 The Swedish model: state-supported agency Introduction This chapter makes a case for a distinct Swedish world of fatherhood. The Swedish model stands in contrast to the American model through the pioneering introduction of father-friendly parental leave in 1974. Similar developments occurred across the Nordic welfare regimes but Sweden stood out as the exemplar EU welfare state for father-friendly parental leave policies (Fusilier, 2009:252). The second contrast with the American model was the way Swedish social policy individualised child maintenance

in Between two worlds of father politics
Responses to crisis and modernisation

This book considers the underlying causes of the end of social democracy's golden age. It argues that the cross-national trend in social democratic parties since the 1970s has been towards an accommodation with neo-liberalism and a corresponding dilution of traditional social democratic commitments. The book looks at the impact of the change in economic conditions on social democracy in general, before examining the specific cases of Germany, Sweden and Australia. It examines the ideological crisis that engulfed social democracy. The book also looks at the post-1970 development of social policy, its fiscal implications and economic consequences in three European countries. It considers the evolution of the Spanish Socialist Workers' Party (PSOE) from its re-emergence as a significant political force during the 1970s until the present day under José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero. The book also examines the evolution of the Swedish model in conjunction with social democratic reformism and the party's relations to the union movement. It explores the latest debate about what the German Social Democratic Party (SPD) stands for. The SPD became the role model for programmatic modernisation for the European centre-left. The book considers how British socialist and social democratic thought from the late nineteenth century to the present has treated the objective of helping people to fulfil their potential, talents and ambitions. It aims to contribute to a broader conversation about the future of social democracy by considering ways in which the political thought of 'third way' social democracy might be radicalised for the twenty-first century.

Paving the path for a new identity
Christine Agius

AS THE PREVIOUS chapters have shown, the link between domestic and foreign policy is a deeply intricate one. Swedish neutrality has been part of the development of the modern Swedish state, and in the postwar period, neutrality was an explicitly Social Democratic project, tied to the ideals of the Swedish Model and the metaphorical imagery of the folkhem and solidarity

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
Active internationalism and ‘credible neutrality’
Christine Agius

society. Neutrality, along with the welfare state and the Swedish Model, became such a consensual point of reference for Swedes that it was rarely questioned. Neutrality was developed as a Social Democratic myth , one which became an important part of Swedish identity. This chapter is divided into two parts: the first explores the influence of SAP hegemony and how certain SAP values and norms became

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
David Arter

unspoken reaction of the British team. Try telling that to the lads back home, they thought to themselves. The first part of this chapter explores the building of Sweden’s reputation as a successful small democracy. The second seeks to identify the main 152 The Nordic model c­ haracteristics of the ‘Swedish model’ in its heyday in the 1960s. The third section considers the extent of the deviation from the model elsewhere in the Nordic region. Finally, it is asked whether the model has become little more than a receding memory. In the following discussion, a

in Scandinavian politics today
Bildt, Europe and neutrality in the post-Cold War era
Christine Agius

THE DEVELOPMENTS of the 1970s and 1980s set in train a series of challenges to the Social Democratic institutions and norms established since the post-war period. During these two decades, core assumptions about the Swedish Model were questioned, and the ability of the SAP to realise the utopian society it envisaged ideologically was not only hampered but in some respects

in The social construction of Swedish neutrality
Michael Rush

partners ‘to be the best example of leave policy’ (2009:252). The transnational influence of the Swedish model on the development of ‘father-friendly’ parental leave regimes across Europe was also highlighted by O’Brien and Moss in the following quote: Since the introduction of parental leave by Olaf Palme’s Swedish Social Democratic government in 1974, other European governments have followed suit. No longer is it the case that Sweden alone has paternity leave provision for men on becoming fathers. European governments have commenced marking the relevance of paternal

in Between two worlds of father politics
Straddling the fence

Sweden is seen as a forerunner in environmental and ecological policy. This book is about policies and strategies for ecologically rational governance, and uses the Swedish case study to ask whether or not it is possible to move from a traditional environmental policy to a broad, integrated pursuit of sustainable development, as illustrated through the ‘Sustainable Sweden’ programme. It begins by looking at the spatial dimensions of ecological governance, and goes on to consider the integration and effectiveness of sustainable development policies. The book analyses the tension between democracy and sustainable development, which has a broader relevance beyond the Swedish model, to other nation states as well as the European Union as a whole. It offers the latest word in advanced implementation of sustainable development.

Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.