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Anthropology, European imperialism, and the politics of knowledge

Many questions present themselves when considering the historical relationship between anthropology and empire following the Scramble for Africa. These include the extent of imperial fortunes in Africa, rising and falling with officials' knowledge of the people under their jurisdiction. This book looks at the institutional frameworks of anthropology, and shows that the colonial project to order Africa, intellectually and politically, was a messy and not-so comprehensive endeavor. It first considers the roles of metropolitan researchers and institutes such as the colonial ethnographers active in French West Africa, the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft in Berlin, and the British-based International Institute of African Languages and Cultures. The book deals with the role of African ethnograpghers for their study on African teaching assistants and schoolmasters-cum-ethnographers, and the study of Jomo Kenyatta's journey to produce Facing Mount Kenya. Swiss missionaries undertook discovery and domestication first on European soil before it was transferred to African soils and societies. Primordial imagination at work in equatorial Africa is discussed through an analysis of Fang ethnographies, and the infertility scares among Mongo in the Belgian Congo is contrasted with the Nzakara in the French Congo. Once colonial rule had been imposed, administrators and imperial managers were often forced to consider those judicial and social rules that had governed Africans' lives and had predated colonialism. Studies of Italian Northeast Africa, the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan and French West Africa reveal the uneven ways in which ethnographic knowledge was pursued and applied in this respect.

Swiss missionaries and anthropology
Patrick Harries

its variant in Africa. This chapter examines the ways in which the discovery and domestication of African society was preceded and informed by a similar process in the mountain wilderness of Switzerland. Early Swiss missionaries projected their fears and hopes onto Africa in much the same way that as a previous generation had projected sentiments onto the Alps. In this sense, the

in Ordering Africa
Entomology, botany and the early ethnographic monograph in the work of H.-A. Junod
Patrick Harries

–2. 94 Junod, The best means’, p. 153. He seemed to be unaware of how photographs were infused with meaning when selected, provided with captions or even tampered with. See P. Harries, Terrible truths: Swiss missionaries and the role of photography in the early ethnographic monograph.’ Paper presented to the conference ‘Encounters with Photography

in Science and society in southern Africa
Helena F. S. Lopes

visiting POWs were also noted by the Swiss minister in Tokyo, Camille Gorgé. 29 Japan only authorised two delegates to operate in China: Edouard Egle in Shanghai and, later, Rudolf Zindel in Hong Kong. 30 Red Cross delegates in Japanese-occupied areas worked in less-than-ideal conditions, subjected to different forms of surveillance; pressures; and, sometimes, mortal threats, as was demonstrated by the execution of two Swiss missionaries who were acting as unofficial delegates in Borneo in 1943. 31 However, in Hong Kong there was one important difference: from 1943

in The Red Cross Movement
Ireland, the EC and southern Africa
Kevin O’Sullivan

contrast between the Irish Government’s attitude to the committee’s proposed visit in 1969 (see Chapter 6) and its accommodating welcome on this occasion reflected its changed circumstances. In September 1971 the DFA provided Re-shaping the relationship 165 IR£200 towards the costs of running an international conference on ‘The Churches and Racialism’ in Dublin, whose high calibre of speakers, including Ruth First (a South African author), Fr Michael Traber (a Swiss missionary deported from Rhodesia) and Bishop Donal Lamont, made it a highlight of the IAAM’s activities

in Ireland, Africa and the end of empire
Abstract only
Africa, imperialism, and anthropology
Helen Tilley

deterioration usually stood alongside, and sometimes even overshadowed, those of progress (Chamberlain and Gilman 1985). Patrick Harries’ chapter on Swiss missionaries – the only example in the book of a European power without a direct vested interest in African colonies – illustrates the way ‘discovery and domestication’ often took place first on European soil, in his case in the Swiss Alps, before it was

in Ordering Africa
Panikos Panayi

over the churches on the Nilgiris; Swiss Missionaries would man the South Maratha and South Canara districts under the control of the National Missionary Council. 91 As a result of the efforts of other churches and missionary societies, the activities of the German groupings would continue during the War and beyond, despite the loss of their leaders as a result of internment and deportation. Another

in The Germans in India
Josefina A. Echavarria

-EP and, a week later, elders and young people in Puracé stopped the crossfire between three-hundred guerrillas and eight policemen while shouting ‘peace, we want peace’ (ibid.: 13–14). In July 2003, the FARC-EP kidnapped Florian Benedikt Arnold, a Swiss missionary who was visiting one of the Nasa reservations. More than one thousand Paeces put their guard into motion and

in In/security in Colombia