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Film Music, Time and Bernard Herrmann
David Butler

The tendency in most writing on the temporal properties of film music has been to note music‘s ability to establish, quickly and efficiently, a films historical setting. Although acknowledging this important function, this paper seeks to explore a wider range of temporal properties fulfilled by film music. Three aspects of musics temporality are discussed: anachronism (whereby choices of anachronistic music can provide the spectator with ways of making sense of a films subtext or its characters’ state of mind), navigation (the ability of music to help the spectator understand where and when they are in a films narrative) and expansion (musics ability to expand our experience of film time). The paper focuses on Bernard Herrmann, and his score for Taxi Driver (1976), and argues that Herrmann was particularly sensitive to the temporal possibilities of film music.

Film Studies
Jules B. Farber

Rather than write a classic biography of James Baldwin in the last cycle of his life—from his arrival in 1970 as a black stranger in the all-white medieval village of Saint-Paul, until his death there in 1987—I sought to discover the author through the eyes of people who knew him in this period. With this optic, I sought a wide variety of people who were in some way part of his life there: friends, lovers, barmen, writers, artists, taxi drivers, his doctors and others who retained memories of their encounters with Baldwin on all levels. Besides the many locals, contact was made with a number of Baldwin’s further afield cultural figures including Maya Angelou, Harry Belafonte, Sidney Poitier, Angela Davis, Bill Wyman, and others. There were more than seventy interviews in person in places as distant as Paris, New York or Istanbul and by telephone spread over four years during the preparatory research and writing of the manuscript. Many of the recollections centred on “at home with Jimmy” or dining at his “Welcome Table.”

James Baldwin Review
Mark Maguire
Fiona Murphy

can do is to develop a strong mind: don’t allow yourself to be pulled down; don’t allow yourself to be discouraged. Telling yourself that you should expect this is not easy. Within ourselves we are trying to find an excuse for them, trying to justify their ill-treatment of us. These are the excuses: ‘They never went out of this country, never met with this kind of intrusion of foreigners, so just give them some time and they will get used to it.’ [. . .] It is not everyone that can take this, find the strength, or try to answer this, so many black taxi drivers come

in Integration in Ireland
Fiona Murphy
Ulrike M. Vieten

ranks in Ireland's towns and cities loomed large in the media. 19 In 2000, the Irish taxi industry was deregulated in order to facilitate open competition for fares and this greatly contributed to acrimony on the taxi ranks between full-time and part-time drivers, and ultimately engendered hostility towards migrant taxi drivers. 20 We (Maguire and Murphy) conducted very close ethnographic research on taxi ranks in Dublin, Drogheda and Dundalk at a time when, particularly in Dundalk and Drogheda, African taxi drivers had become the target of violent racist abuse

in Immigrants as outsiders in the two Irelands
Abstract only
Peter Kalu

, sometimes treacherous ladder to economic first base for immigrants, especially those of shaky status, the down on their luck, the can’t make ends meet, the almost homeless. The entry point used to be taxi drivers, but now taxi drivers take their cars to the car wash, making the car washers the subaltern’s subaltern. The new guy who is hosing the car bonnet down has a cigarette in his mouth, boss-like among all this water. I like his style. I imagine he has a Scarface poster on his bedsit wall and plans to become somebody in this New World. Mainly they scurry. With buckets

in Manchester
Abstract only
The screenplay
Ruvani Ranasinha

‘with 96% Asian children and knew this was going to be a problem’. Prasad had engaged with similar questions of identity in his documentary ‘Indian or British or Both?’ (1986). Yet what really excited him was the way the story looked at a global phenomenon: Fundamentalism affects every major country and religion in the world, whether with fundamentalist Christians in the United States, or fundamentalist Hindus in India. But Hanif was depicting how it affected a really humble man – a taxi driver, a

in Hanif Kureishi
The short story
Ruvani Ranasinha

true Islam, it tended to overlook the moderate Muslim being shoved by a Wahhabi extremism towards isolation from mainstream society. In a marked contrast to his earlier work, in this tale the reader is encouraged to identify with the father-figure Parvez, a taxi driver in Britain for over twenty years, rather than with his son Ali, who rejects the computer, books and clothes that Parvez has worked punishing hours to provide for him. (In the eventual film version of My Son the Fanatic , the father's bafflement that his son rejects the freedoms

in Hanif Kureishi

With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.

Abstract only
Mary Gilmartin

range of cities, the private taxi industry has become a means to self-employment for migrant men in particular. Entry costs to the industry are generally low, regulation of hours worked is often lax and the work offers upfront and often cash payments. Yet, migrant and ethnic minority men who work as taxi drivers in Ireland may experience hostility, discrimination and abuse: in Dublin, I have heard stories about taxi ranks where they are Work 73 not welcome and customers who refuse to get into their taxis. Other taxi drivers festoon their cars with markers of Irish

in Ireland and migration in the twenty-first century
Open Access (free)
Anna Hickey-Moody

experienced people’s fear of extremism, but had also developed some clear strategies to counter the broad lack of public awareness. Above all, he felt that the role of the media in guiding people’s perceptions of Islam was important because it could be leveraged to either improve community understanding or foster negative stereotypes. Bilal specifically referred to the taxi drivers who helped victims and

in Faith stories