An important theme in current studies of environmental representation is the inadequacy of many narratological and stylistic techniques for registering ecological complexity. This article argues that, in the case of cinema, water constitutes an especially vivid example of an allusive natural subject, and it examines the means by which one film, The Bay (Barry Levinson, 2012), manages to confront that challenge. It pays particular attention to The Bay’s treatment of animal life, and its acknowledgement of water’s infrastructural currency. The article draws on the writings of ecocritical literary theorist Timothy Morton and media historian and theorist John Durham Peters.

Film Studies
Abstract only
Found Footage Cinema and the Horror of the Real

This article examines the post-millennial popularity of the found footage movie, in particular its engagement with the representational codes of non-fiction media. Whilst the majority of critical writings on found footage identify the 11 September attacks on the World Trade Centre as a key visual referent, they too often dwell on the literal re-enactment of the event. This article instead suggests that these films evoke fear by mimicking the aesthetic and formal properties of both mainstream news coverage and amateur recording. As such they create both ontological and epistemological confusion as to the reality of the events depicted. Rather than merely replicating the imagery of terror/ism, these films achieve their terrifying effects by mimicking the audiences media spectatorship of such crisis.

Gothic Studies
The colonies during the interregnum, 1642-1660
Robert M. Bliss

, but even when the Bay made it an offense to declare openly for the king it based the act on the Long Parliament’s legal fiction that it fought to rescue Charles I from his ‘malignant’ advisers. Along with most colonies, Massachusetts also made it clear that trade was too vital a consideration to be made hostage to politics; the Bay would be loyal to its customers whether royalist or parliamentarian. 5

in Revolution and empire
Abstract only
Two places at once

Pier Head on 25 November 1840. After losing sight of the Welsh mountains and Ireland, Thomas and Ann headed for the Cape of Good Hope and on across the Indian Ocean to the Bay of Bengal. They were quite consciously the inheritors of those Welsh missionaries who had gone out under the auspices of the LMS – John Davies, Evan Evans, Isaac Hughes and Josiah Hughes. They left in

in Welsh missionaries and British imperialism
Colonial experiment in America

women and fifteen men.35 Slavery as it was later defined did not yet exist in the Chesapeake, and some of these Africans lived to achieve their freedom, but they served much longer terms than English indentured servants, who provided the bulk of the labour during the first decades.36 The sudden growth of the colony, with tobacco plantations spreading on the best land along Virginia’s highways – the rivers that run from the bay to the mountains in the west – forced the Indians to react. On 22 March 1622, the Pamunkeys and their client tribes attacked the plantations in

in Ireland, 1641
Australian Voyages, c. 1815-1860

During the nineteenth century, over 1.5 million migrants set sail from the British Isles to begin new lives in the Australian colonies. This book follows these people on a fascinating journey around half the globe to give a rich account of the creation of lay and professional medical knowledge in an ever-changing maritime environment. It shows how voyages to Australia partook of colonialism. On leaving the ports, estuaries, and harbours of Britain and Ireland, ships' captains negotiated the adverse winds of the English Channel and the Irish Sea before steering into the Atlantic and heading south-by-south west across the heavy swells of the Bay of Biscay. The book dwells in the tropics, where the experience of calms reinforced and extended preconceptions about the coast of West Africa. It discusses convicts, showing how scurvy became resurgent as British prison committees steadily reduced prison dietary rations during the 1820s and 1830s. Despite their frustrations, the isolation of the ocean and the vulnerability of convicts' bodies offered surgeons an invaluable opportunity for medical experimentation during the 1840s. The book also shows how a series of questions about authority, class, gender, and social status mediated medical relationships as the pressures of the voyage accumulated. Themes of mistrust, cooperation, and coercion emerged in many different ways during the voyage. Australia, where, as emigrants became immigrants, the uncertainties of government responsibility combined with a poisonous political atmosphere to raise questions about eligibility and the conditions of admittance to their new colonial society.

Abstract only
Farewell to the old lutist

’andar su che porta?’, we soon learn that ‘Mr Beckett’ is ventriloquising Dante in order to get ‘the bay about his brow’. 5 Eliot’s essay on Dante uses the ‘most universal of poets’ as ‘the gauge by which to measure the achievements of other writers’, juxtaposing the imitators of Dante (who run the risk of being pedestrian and flat) against the imitators of Shakespeare (who run the risk of making utter fools of themselves). 6 Beckett’s works upset such ideas of value and imitation by producing a series of ‘marginal’, ‘minor’, or ‘disfunctional

in Beckett’s Dantes
Open Access (free)
Remembering the forgetting in schooling

be relied upon to at least nominally question the role of the Bayly 08_Tonra 01 21/06/2011 10:33 Page 215 Commentary: Remembering the forgetting in schooling state versus ‘the market’, has bought lock, stock and barrel into the foundational myths of government schooling. The main roles of the ‘economics of education’ have been either to concoct positively silly positive models that rationalize why the government production of schooling is ‘optimal’ or to provide support to more (quasi-advocacy) and better (e.g. ‘educational production functions’) government

in History, historians and development policy

bridge was in itself a major exploit. The wind, which did not seem especially strong on shore, was violent and buffeting out on the bay, making the bridge pitch and sway as waves hissed across its boarded surface, and the Sisters met troops rushing across in the opposite direction to support their colleagues in the bastions. 7 In these last days when the allied artillery was reaching the Russian ships in the bay, the Sisters were injured more often. Sisters Smirnova and Budberg were both badly wounded by glass fragments from a window shattered

in Beyond Nightingale

him. They wear rough, well-used trousers, old shirts under bright yellow plastic jackets. Hats are jammed low on their heads. They do not speak. The man nearest the bow stares inland. He sees the curve of the bay. It snuggles below towering headlands to east and west. Behind the bay lie a range of folded hills. If he had binoculars trained inland, the fisherman would see to

in Frontiers of the Caribbean