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Author: Paul Copeland

At the heart of the European integration process is the political economy debate over whether the EU should be a market-making project, or if it should combine this with integration in employment and social policy. What has been the impact of the 2004 and 2007 rounds of enlargement upon the political economy of European integration? EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension analyses the impact of the 2004 and 2007 enlargements upon the politics of European integration within EU employment and social policy. This book analyses the main policy negotiations in the field and analyses the political positions and contributions of the Central and Eastern European Member States. Through an analyses of the negotiations of the Services Directive, the revision of the Working Time Directive and the Europe 2020 poverty target, the book argues that the addition of the Central and Eastern European states has strengthened liberal forces at the EU level and undermined integration with EU employment and social policy.

Paul Copeland

3 The negotiation of the Services Directive This chapter is the first of the three case study chapters that analyse the impact of the 2004 and 2007 Central and Eastern European (CEE) states upon policy negotiations surrounding the European social dimension (ESD). The chapter concerns the negotiations of the Services Directive, which has become known as one of the most contentious pieces of EU policy negotiated over the last decade. Despite the freedom to provide services being one of the four founding principles of the Treaty of Rome (along with the free

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
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Paul Copeland

capitalisms within the European social dimension (ESD). After a decade of modest progress in EU employment and social policy, from 2004 progress in the ESD stalled. In part the blockages that emerged can be attributed to the neoliberal-leaning preferences of the first Barroso Commission (ter Haar and Copeland, 2010); yet beyond such factors, the 2004 EU enlargement has had a profound impact upon the clash of capitalisms surrounding the ESD. This research analyses three policy negotiation case studies surrounding the ESD in a post-2004 EU – the Services Directive, the

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
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The European social dimension and the clash of capitalisms in a post-2004 EU
Paul Copeland

6 Conclusion: the European social dimension and the clash of capitalisms in a post-2004 EU This monograph has assessed the impact of the 2004 and 2007 EU enlargements upon the political economy of European integration. At the heart of the European integration process is the political economy debate over whether the EU should be a market-making project, or if it should combine this with integration in employment and social policy. It is in the context of this political debate that the research has analysed the impact of the two rounds of enlargement by focusing

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Paul Copeland

2 Governance and the clash of capitalisms This chapter provides a theoretical lens through which to analyse the impact of EU enlargement upon the European social dimension. At the heart of the theoretical debate on European integration lies the fundamental division between those who view the EU as an international organisation in which the Member States are the ultimate determinants of outcomes, as opposed to those who consider integration to generate its own momentum and thereby undermine Member State sovereignty. This division has its origins within

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Paul Copeland

banks was agreed in March 2013, but as with the negotiations surrounding fiscal policy, at the time of writing the outcome of current proposals for further integration are unclear. 20 EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the ESD The European social dimension Analysing the political economy of European integration illustrates that there has been some modest progress within the construction of an EU employment and social policy, but what does such policy cover? Ter Haar and Copeland (2010) provide a stocktaking exercise of its various components. EU social

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Paul Copeland

measurement of poverty, particularly one which only focused on a relative poverty definition. To strengthen its cause the liberal coalition highlighted the weak legal foundation of a quantitative target for the area of poverty and social inclusion. In contrast, the position papers of Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, France, Italy, Portugal and Spain all argued that the achievement of the Internal Market should not be considered as an end in itself. Rather, progress in growth and jobs should go hand in hand with the preservation and strengthening of the European social dimension

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Paul Copeland

the original directive was negotiated as a piece of health and safety legislation, it has often been referred to as a cornerstone of the European social dimension, as behind the legislation lay the normative argument that, as a symbol of progress in EU employment and social policy, the EU should regulate working time. But while Britain had been in a minority position during the 1992 negotiations, by the time of the revision of the directive in 2004 (12 months later than was originally The negotiation of the revision of the WTD 73 planned), it was able to command

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension