M&H 02_Tonra 01 08/04/2014 07:14 Page 34
Thinking through TransnationalStudies, Diaspora Studies and gender
The 1990s saw a proliferation of studies across disciplines in the humanities and
social sciences variously invoking the terms transnational(ism) and diaspora in
accounting for migration and associated phenomena including transgenerational
ethnic identities and cross-border practices. These terms are deployed most often
as counterpoints to the assimilation model of immigrant incorporation and the
container model of the nation-state. As such
Bringing together leading authorities on Irish women and migration, this book offers a significant reassessment of the place of women in the Irish diaspora. It demonstrates the important role played by women in the construction of Irish diasporic identities, comparing Irish women's experience in Britain, Canada , New Zealand and the United States. The book considers how the Catholic Church could be a focal point for women's Irish identity in Britain. It examines how members of the Ladies' Orange Benevolent Association (LOBA) maintained a sense of Irish Protestant identity, focused on their associational life in female Orange lodges. The book offers a lens on Irish society, and on countries where they settled, and considerable scope for comparative analysis of the impact of different cultures and societies on women's lives. It reviews key debates in Transnational Studies (TS) and Diaspora Studies (DS) before discussing the particular contribution of DS in framing 1990s study of migrant and non-migrant Irish women. Feminist and queer theory scholarship in Irish DS has begun to address the gender and sexual politics of diaspora by attending to the dynamics of boundary expansion, queering and dissolution. The book suggests that religion can be both a 'bright' and a 'blurry' boundary, while examining how religious identities intersect with ethnicity and gender. It also includes the significance of the categories of gender and generation, and their intersection with ethnicity in the context of the official London St Patrick's Day Festival.
This collection expands the history of Chinese medicine by bridging the philosophical concerns of epistemology and the history and cultural politics of transregional medical formations. Topics range from the spread of gingko’s popularity from East Asia to the West to the appeal of acupuncture for complementing in-vitro fertilization regimens, from the modernization of Chinese anatomy and forensic science to the evolving perceptions of the clinical efficacy of Chinese medicine. The individual essays cohere around the powerful theoretical-methodological approach, “historical epistemology,” with which scholars in science studies have already challenged the seemingly constant and timeless status of such rudimentary but pivotal dimensions of scientific process as knowledge, reason, argument, objectivity, evidence, fact, and truth. Yet given that landmark studies in historical epistemology rarely navigate outside the intellectual landscape of Western science and medicine, this book broadens our understanding of its application and significance by drawing on and exploring the rich cultures of Chinese medicine. In studying the globalizing role of medical objects, the contested premise of medical authority and legitimacy, and the syncretic transformations of metaphysical and ontological knowledge, contributors illuminate how the breadth of the historical study of Chinese medicine and its practices of knowledge-making in the modern period must be at once philosophical and transnational in scope. This book will appeal to students and scholars working in science studies and medical humanities as well as readers who are interested in the broader problems of translation, material culture, and the global circulation of knowledge.
This book examines the rise and fall of the aristocratic Lacy family in England, Ireland, Wales and Normandy. As one of the first truly transnational studies of individual medieval aristocrats, it provides a fresh look at lordship and the interplay between aristocracy and crown from 1166 to 1241. Hugh de Lacy (†1186), traded on his military usefulness to King Henry II of England in Wales and Normandy to gain a speculative grant of the ancient Irish kingdom of Mide (Meath). Hugh was remarkably successful in Ireland, where he was able to thwart the juvenile ambitions of the future King John to increase his powers there. Hugh was hailed by native commentators as ‘lord of the foreigners of Ireland’ and even ‘king of Ireland’. In this study his near-legendary life is firmly grounded in the realities of Anglo-Irish politics. The political career of Hugh’s less famous son and heir, Walter de Lacy (†1241), is in turn illuminated by surviving royal records and his own acta. Walter was one of the major actors in the Irish Sea province under Kings Richard I, John and Henry III, and his relationship with each king provides a unique insight into the nature of their reigns. Over the course of fifty-two years, Walter helped to shape the course of Anglo-Irish history. That history is recast in light of the transnational perspective of its chief participants. This book is a major contribution to current debates over the structure of medieval European society.
In this broad sweep, Mayo explores dominant European discourses of higher education, in the contexts of different globalisations and neoliberalism, and examines its extension to a specific region. It explores alternatives in thinking and practice including those at the grassroots, also providing a situationally grounded project of university–community engagement. Signposts for further directions for higher education lifelong learning, with a social justice purpose, are provided.
This work demonstrates that resistance to occupation by Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy during the Second World War has to be seen through a transnational, not a national, lens. It explores how people often resisted outside their country of origin because they were migrants, refugees or exiles who were already on the move. It traces their trajectories and encounters with other resisters and explores their experiences, including changes of beliefs, practices and identities. The book is a powerful, subtle and thought-provoking alternative to works on the Second World War that focus on single countries or on grand strategy. It is a ‘bottom up’ story of extraordinary individuals and groups who resisted oppression from Spain to the Soviet Union and the Balkans. It challenges the standard chronology of the war, beginning with the formation of the International Brigades in Spain and following through to the onset of the Cold War and the foundation of the state of Israel. This is a collective project by a team of international historians led by Robert Gildea, author of Fighters in the Shadows: A New History of the French Resistance (Faber & Faber, 2015). These have explored archives across Europe, the USA, Russia and Israel in order to unearth scores of fascinating individual stories which are woven together into themed chapters and a powerful new interpretation. The book is aimed at undergraduates and graduates working on twentieth-century Europe and the Second World War or interested in the possibilities of transnational history.
Population History: From the 17th Century to the
1930s (Cambridge, 1977), p. 445.
E.S. Lee, ‘A theory of migration’, Demography, 3.1 (1966), 53.
Ravenstein, ‘The laws of migration’, 167–235.
Lee, ‘A theory of migration’, 49.
Gray, ‘The course of Scottish emigration’, 27.
Rogers Brubaker, ‘The “diaspora” diaspora’, Ethnic and Racial Studies, 28.1
236 british and irish diasporas
19 Khachig Tölölyan, ‘Diaspora’, Diaspora: A Journal of TransnationalStudies,
3.2 (Fall 1994), 235; Khachig Tölölyan, ‘Diasporama’, Diaspora: A Journal
This book has evolved over nine years. The year 1993 saw the publication
of my co-edited Colonial Discourse and Post-colonial Theory: A Reader,
which was the first anthology of postcolonial cultural studies to appear in
print.1 Since then the field has rapidly expanded into a major academic
industry.2 Diaspora studies, black Atlantic studies, transnationalstudies,
globalisation studies, comparative empire studies have emerged alongside
and within the original field. My responses to the field’s developments
articulated by Inderpal Grewal and Caren
Kaplan, the meaning of the word has served in various disciplinary contexts of
transnationalstudies of sexuality. They look to the potential of a transnationalism that ‘can address the asymmetries of the globalization process’ rather
than suggest a seamless transition from Western Orientalism to diaspora.9
Following their aims for rejecting globalization’s totalizing assumptions, this
chapter investigates the ways in which Chang’s subjects problematize the
normative circuits within the libidinal economies that continue to
different, for this equation to hold true. Only by breaking
down the category of ‘the West’ into its national constituents can cultural criticism generate a methodology fully adequate to the task of anticolonial opposition.
If in the sphere of transnationalstudies I am arguing for a greater
attentiveness to national specificity, I am also arguing for an analysis of
national culture that is not limited to race relations within the boundaries
of that nation. My example of South Africa suggests how Englishness is
constituted as much by anti-racist uprisings overseas as by