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Ireland as a case study
Author: Gavin Barrett

The role of national parliaments in the European Union (EU) has developed considerably over time. This book focuses on one parliament as a case study in this regard: the national parliament of Ireland, the Oireachtas. The basic structure of that parliament is modelled on that of the United Kingdom. Like the United Kingdom, Ireland joined the then European Communities on 1 January 1973. Within a relatively short period from the date of Ireland's joining the European Economic Community (EEC) in 1973, it became clear that major structural change to the Communities would be needed if the EEC were ever to fulfil its potential. The book examines the initial adaptations of its parliament to European integration and how Ireland's domestic parliamentary accommodation of membership slowly changed over time. It focuses on the considerable impact on domestic parliamentary arrangements of the recent banking and foreign debt crises and of the Treaty of Lisbon. An assessment of the role of the Oireachtas in European law and policy during the lifetimes of the 30th Dail (2007-11) and the 31st Dail (2011-16) follows. The book discusses the formation of the Joint Oireachtas Committee on European Union Affairs, which held its first meeting in private on 19 July 2016, and its first public meeting on 7 September. However, Ireland's position as a "slow adaptor" to European integration has meant that the Oireachtas has had more ground to make up than many other legislatures.

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Katy Hayward

M1634 - HAYWARD TEXT.qxp:ANDY Q7 27/1/09 13:23 Page 240 Afterword The ‘Irish problem’ has long been a euphemism in EU circles for the contested status of Northern Ireland. The term took on a new meaning overnight on 12 June 2008, after which the ‘Irish problem’ debated across Europe was Ireland’s second rejection of an EU treaty (Lisbon) and the consequent stalling of European integration.1 The breakdown of results for the referendum on the Treaty of Lisbon (46.6 per cent ‘Yes’ to 53.4 per cent ‘No’) was almost identical to that of the first referendum on

in Irish nationalism and European integration
David Brown

�������������������������������������������������������������� this is not the place to explore the legal complexities of the proposed Treaty of Lisbon in depth,13 there are a number of relevant features that are worth briefly highlighting, as they may call into question whether Lisbon will ultimately prove to be the quantitative leap forward that some have suggested. chap7.indd 189 26/05/2010 09:27:24 190 The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation The first matter to consider is the issue of rights of initiative. Initially excluded from even a shared right of initiative to propose legislation over

in The European Union, counter terrorism and police co-operation, 1992–2007
Catalysts for reform of the Oireachtas role in European Union affairs
Gavin Barrett

Treaty provisions concerning national parliaments have been seen in Chapter 1 and need no repetition here. Their domestic impact is what concerns us here. Three reforms concerning the Oireachtas were introduced to accommodate the Lisbon Treaty’s entry into force. First, Article 29.4 of the Constitution was amended by the Twenty-​Eighth Amendment of the Constitution (Treaty of Lisbon) Act 2009 (approved by the electorate in referendum two on 2 October 2009),93 inserting new sub-​sections 4º, 6º, 7º, 8º and 9º.94 Secondly, certain changes were effected by the European

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
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Crisis and change
Kathryn Simpson and Michael Holmes

Irish voters had rejected the Treaty of Lisbon in a referendum ( Holmes 2008 ). This meant that the 2009 EP election was already something of a litmus test for the Irish–European relationship. And though no one could have foreseen it, it took place on the cusp of a dramatic transformation of Ireland’s and Europe’s circumstances. The EU has gone through a series of crises

in Ireland and the European Union
Gavin Barrett

Treaty’s provisions, including all of those relating to national parliaments, indeed enhancing these latter proposals in the light of the painful evidence of voter alienation which had been provided by the French and Dutch referendums. The Lisbon Treaty entered into force on 1 December 2009, after a difficult ratification process, requiring two referendums in Ireland. Since all of what was agreed in the Convention on the Future of Europe on national parliaments ultimately made it into the Treaty of Lisbon, it seems worthwhile focusing briefly on the Convention. The

in The evolving role of national parliaments in the European Union
Euro-nationalism, not Euroscepticism
Michael Holmes

Yes No No No 2008 – Treaty of Lisbon (1) Yes Yes Yes split b

in Ireland and the European Union
Strategic reflections
Michael Reiterer

. “Comprehensive” means, firstly, in the sense of the EU’s comprehensive approach to foreign policy and, secondly, underlines the political and security dimension (Reiterer, 2014a) in addition to the well-known economic and trade dimension. In terms of security Asian partners still demand more “proof” of the EU’s engagement as they perceive the EU primarily as an 18 General strategic context economic force to reckon with but less of a political and security player: thus, perceptions do not match. On the basis of the Treaty of Lisbon, which entered into force in 2009, the EU

in The European Union in the Asia-Pacific

principles remains far from perfect. 141 As with the UN, many international try to apply the principle of equality within their own operating rules as much as they try to inspire such equality in their member states. The EU’s constitution provides the most comprehensive example, by including provisions to combat gender discrimination, particularly in the area of equal pay for equal work. 142 In other areas, the Treaty of Lisbon requires that “in defining and implementing its policies and activities, the Union

in The values of international organizations
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Pagnol’s legacy
Brett Bowles

corporate delocalisations to the East and unchecked immigration in the opposite direction, as well as the ratification of the Treaty of Lisbon in an attempt to address French and Dutch rejection of the European Constitution in 2005. A final, lingering debate that continues today is the candidacy of Turkey for EU membership and the fundamental incompatibility that many French see between Islamic culture and the core values of both their nation and Europe

in Marcel Pagnol