This book is a study of the English Reformation as a poetic and political event. It examines the political, religious and poetic writings of the period 1520-1580, in relation to the effects of confessionalization on Tudor writing. The central argument of the book is that it is a mistake to understand this literature simply on the basis of the conflict between Protestantism and Catholicism. Instead one needs to see Tudor culture as fractured between emerging confessional identities, Protestant and Catholic, and marked by a conflict between those who embraced the process of confessionalization and those who rejected it. Sir Richard Morrison's A Remedy for Sedition was part of the Henrician government's propaganda response to the Pilgrimage of Grace. Edwardian politicians and intellectuals theorized and lauded the idea of counsel in both practice and theory. The book discusses three themes reflected in Gardiner's 1554 sermon: the self, the social effects of Reformation, and the Marian approaches to the interpretation of texts. The Marian Reformation produced its own cultural poetics - which continued to have an influence on Tudor literature long after 1558. The decade following the successful suppression of the Northern Rebellion in 1570 was a difficult one for the Elizabethan regime and its supporters. An overview of Elizabethan poetics and politics explains the extent to which the culture of the period was a product of the political and poetic debates of the early years of the Queen's reign.
this reforming agenda the Marian Reformation produced its own
cultural poetics – which continued to have an influence on Tudorliterature
long after 1558.
The Marian Church pursued a clericalist agenda of social and religious
reform in the context of tensions over the relationship between clerical and
temporal power. A key aspect of its clericalism was its commitment to the
pastoral labour of ensuring religious orthodoxy and the pursuit of heresy.13 It
is the treatment of heretics / Protestants during Mary’s reign that has been
central to its historical reputation
(1580), printed the year after The Shepheardes Calender , also
becomes embroiled in an intergenerational conflict arising out of a
clash between youth and old age. See Lyly , Euphues and
his England (London: T. East for Gabriell Cawood, 1580 ), 2 r –12 v .
See Mike Pincombe and Cathy Shrank , ‘ Doing Away with the Drab
Age: Research Opportunities in Mid-TudorLiterature (1530–1580) ’,
Literature Compass , 7 ( 2010 ), 160–76.
in order to deny it (even
if in a way that draws attention to that which is being denied);
Hawes makes an argument that rhetorical obscurity is simply
what poets do. Certainly as the sixteenth century goes on there is
a growing sense that the language of the fourteenth and fifteenth
centuries is, as George Puttenham put it, ‘out of vse’ with people
of the present time.4 But it is still difficult to judge the extent to
which the difficulty is being exaggerated in order to enhance the
prestige of Tudorliterature. Nobody who comments on the fading
into difficulty of
and the psychotheology of revenge ’, in
K. Cartwright (ed.), A Companion to
TudorLiterature ( Chichester : Wiley-Blackwell , 2010 ), pp. 444–58 .
Kline , D. T. , ‘ The circulation of the letter in Kyd’s The
Spanish Tragedy ’, in L. E. Kermode , J. Scott-Warren and
Elk (eds), Tudor Drama Before
Shakespeare, 1485–1590: New Directions for Research, Criticism, and
Relations in TudorLiterature (Bern: Francke Verlag, 1956), pp. 9–41; J. Brault, ‘English
translations of the Celestina in the sixteenth century’, Hispanic Review 27 (1960), 301–12; and
H. D. Purcell, ‘The Celestina and the Interlude of Calisto and Melibea’, Bulletin of Hispanic Studies
44 (1967), 1–15.
108 Dennis Rhodes, ‘Il Moro: an Italian view of Sir Thomas More’ in Chaney and Mack, eds,
England and the Continental Renaissance, 67–71, pp. 68 and 70.
109 Luis de Avila y Zúñiga, The comentaries of Don Lewes de Auela, and Suniga, great Master of Acanter,
Collaborative authorship, Sidney’s sister and the English devotional lyric
Psalter’, John Donne Journal, vol. 27 (2008), pp. 197–8. That issue contains a series of
articles from a colloquium on this poem – see pp. 145–96.
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5 R. E. Pritchard, The Sidney Psalms, Carcanet Press, Manchester, 1992, p. 18; B.
Quitslund, ‘Teaching us how to sing? The peculiarity of the Sidney Psalter’, Sidney
Journal, vol. 23, nos 1–2 (2005), p. 99; S. Trill, ‘“In Poesie the mirrois of our Age”: the
Countess of Pembroke’s “Sydnean” poetics’, in K. Cartwright (ed.), A Companion to
12 Baldwin and his co-authors also consulted histories by Fabian and Sir Thomas More, but ‘wherever the chronicles disagreed, the authors accepted the authority of Halle’. See Campbell (ed.), Mirror for Magistrates , p. 10. See also Scott Lucas, ‘Hall's Chronicle and the Mirror for Magistrates : History and the Tragic Pattern’, in Mike Pincombe and Cathy Shrank (eds), The Oxford Handbook of TudorLiterature (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2009), pp. 356–71.
13 On the publication history of the Mirror , see Campbell (ed.), Mirror for