Drawing upon a multi-disciplinary methodology employing diverse written sources, material practices and vivid life histories, Faith in the Family seeks to assess the impact of the Second Vatican Council on the ordinary believer, alongside contemporaneous shifts in British society relating to social mobility, the sixties, sexual morality, and secularisation. Chapters examine the changes in the Roman Catholic liturgy and Christology, devotion to Mary, the rosary and the place of women in the family and church, as well as the enduring (but shifting) popularity of Saints Bernadette and Thérèse. Appealing to students of modern British gender and cultural history, as well as a general readership interested in religious life in Britain in the second half of the twentieth century, Faith in the Family illustrates that despite unmistakable differences in their cultural accoutrements and interpretations of Catholicism, English Catholics continued to identify with and practise the ‘Faith of Our Fathers’ before and after Vatican II.
K eith L aybourn and John Shepherd
For more than four decades, Professor Christopher Wrigley, affectionately
known as Chris, has been a leading authority on British labour and trade
union history, and nineteenth- and twentieth-centuryBritishhistory more
generally, with much of his writing in the form of biography. Chris is one
of the most influential British historians to have emerged since the Second
World War and his ubiquity has earned him the reputation of being almost
a Renaissance-like figure in the range and depth of his historical study
Citizens of the Future”: Educating children of the Jewish
East End’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory , 19:4
(2008), 393–418; Tony Kushner, ‘New Narratives, Old
Exclusions? British Historiography and Minority Studies’,
Immigrants and Minorities , 24:2 ( 2006 ), 47–51.
sector because the survey was
discontinued by the Coalition government in 2010, apparently for reasons of cost.
What can we find out about the longer-run story? Historians of social welfare
over several decades, the present author included, have paid less attention to the
vitality of the voluntary sector than to the growth of state welfare.3 This is explicable
The ‘Big State’ versus the ‘Big Society’ 33
because the growth of state welfare was a major feature of twentieth-centuryBritishhistory that needed to be explored, though there have been some excellent
Reconstructing modernity assesses the character of approaches to rebuilding British cities during the decades after the Second World War. It explores the strategies of spatial governance that sought to restructure society and looks at the cast of characters who shaped these processes. It challenges traditional views of urban modernism as moderate and humanist, shedding new light on the importance of the immediate post-war for the trajectory of urban renewal in the twentieth century. The book shows how local corporations and town planners in Manchester and Hull attempted to create order and functionality through the remaking of their decrepit Victorian cities. It looks at the motivations of national and local governments in the post-war rebuilding process and explores why and how they attempted the schemes they did. What emerges is a picture of local corporations, planners and city engineers as radical reshapers of the urban environment, not through the production of grand examples of architectural modernism, but in mundane attempts to zone cities, produce greener housing estates, control advertising or regulate air quality. Their ambition to control and shape the space of their cities was an attempt to produce urban environments that might be both more orderly and functional, but also held the potential to shape society.
, The Brief History of Disability (or, The World Has Always Had
Cripples) (privately published, 1992), p. 1.
3 An exception is: S. Wheatcroft, ‘Children’s Experiences of War: Handicapped
Children in England during the Second World War’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory, 19:4 (2008), 480–501.
4 R. Titmuss, History of the Second World War: Problems of Social Policy (London:
Longman, Green & Co., HMSO, 1950).
5 The National Archives (hereafter TNA), ED138/58, letter from Davidson to
Bosworth-Smith, 12 February 1944.
6 N. Middleton and S. Weitzman, A Place for
BL, National Union of Townswomen’s Guilds Annual Report, 1970. There are no figures
available for the CWL.
9 Moyse, A History of the Mothers’ Union, p. 176.
10 WL, WL, 5/FWI/A/2/2/07, Box 40, NFWI Archive, Annual Report, 1971 and Glick, The
National Council of Women, p. 63.
11 H. McCarthy and P. Thane, ‘The Politics of Association in Industrial Society’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory, 22 (2011), p. 227.
12 Crowson, Hilton and McKay (eds), NGOs in Contemporary Britain.
13 Beaumont, ‘Housewives and Citizens’, pp. 70–72.
14 Amongst the demands
Social democracy on the home front in Britain during the Second World War
, the Institute of Community Studies, and the
politics of kinship’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory, 26(2), 203–24.
Calder, Angus (1991) The Myth of the Blitz (London: Pimlico).
Chapman, James (2000) ‘Why we fight: Pastor Hall and Thunder Rock’, in Alan
Burton, Tim O’Sullivan and Paul Wells, The Family Way. The Boulting Brothers and
British Film Culture (Trowbridge: Flicks Books), 81–96.
A City Reborn (1945) dir. John Eldridge, Gryphon Films, in association with Verity
Films/Ministry of Information.
Clapson, Mark (2000) ‘Introduction’, Contemporary British History
Chris Wrigley (ed.), A Companion to Early Twentieth-Century Britain
(Oxford, 2003), pp. 3–22 at p. 16; Ross McKibbin, Parties and People: England,
1914–1951 (Oxford, 2010), pp. 62–3.
15 Williamson, Stanley Baldwin, p. 206.
16 Ibid., pp. 83–7.
17 Williamson, Stanley Baldwin, p. 33; Ramsden also stresses the centrality of Baldwin
to the Conservative Party’s identity after 1924, see his Age of Balfour and Baldwin,
pp. 203, 206–11.
18 David Jarvis, ‘Mrs. Maggs and Betty: the Conservative appeal to women voters
in the 1920s’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory, 5
’, Contemporary British History,
22:4 (2008), pp. 457–76.
Waters, ‘Disorders of the Mind’, p. 141.
F. Mort, ‘The Ben Pimlott Memorial Lecture 2010: The Permissive Society
Revisited’, TwentiethCenturyBritishHistory, 22:2 (2011), p. 278.
See also A. Bingham, Family Newspapers? Sex, Private Life, and the British
Popular Press 1918 –1978 (Oxford, 2009) and L. King, ‘Hidden Fathers?
The Significance of Fatherhood in Mid-Twentieth-Century Britain’,
Contemporary British History, 26:1 (2012), p. 29.
Langhamer, ‘Love, Selfhood and Authenticity’, p. 278.
C. Steedman, Landscape for a