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This book deals with the evolution, current status and potential of U.S.–India strategic cooperation. From very modest beginnings, the U.S.–India strategic partnership has developed significantly over the decade 2010–20. In considerable part this growth has stemmed from overlapping concerns about the rise and assertiveness of the People’s Republic of China as well as the instability of Pakistan. Despite the emergence of this partnership, however, significant differences remain. Some of them stem from Cold War legacies, others from divergent global strategic interests and from differences in institutional design. Despite these areas of discord, the overall trajectory of the relationship appears promising. Increased cooperation in several sectors of the relationship and closer policy coordination underscore a deepening of the relationship, while fundamental differences in national approaches to strategic challenges demand flexibility and compromise in the future.

A bumpy road
Manoj Joshi

Terrorism has emerged as a major scourge of modern times. Diverse states, from the U.S. and India, to Mali and Sri Lanka, have been victims of terrorist attacks. States employ a variety of strategies in dealing with terrorism – political negotiation, diplomacy, judicial process – and employ a variety of instruments – intelligence agencies, the police or the military – to cope with the situation. Since terrorism has a cross-border domain, states also seek to construct a panoply of international law, as well

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
An Indian view
Rajeswari Pillai Rajagopalan

Introduction U.S.–India relations have transformed in many ways in the two decades since 2000. This is largely being driven by their mutual concern about China’s rise and the manner in which this impacts on the interests of both countries. It is also driving U.S.–India space cooperation. Indeed, cooperation in outer space has the potential to emerge as the new area that could significantly enhance strategic engagement between India and the U.S. 1 Both New Delhi and Washington need each other in an era of

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
A path toward cooperation
Victoria Samson

The U.S. and India, both major space powers, have long worked together on civil space efforts but have not done much in regard to security space cooperation. This is a real missed opportunity, as each country has a lot to offer the other in terms of shoring up their national security and the stability of the space domain overall. Space has been a force multiplier for the U.S. since, arguably, the 1991 Gulf War and is now considered to be a war-fighting domain. India has not yet adopted that terminology, but

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
Striking the balance
Tricia Bacon

Introduction The U.S.–India strategic partnership is often heralded as rooted in the shared values of democracies, 1 but in practice the counterterrorism relationship is a sometimes uneasy combination of shared values and interests that do not fully align, especially when it comes to Pakistan. Despite differences, since the efforts to forge a stronger relationship between the two countries began in earnest in 2000, counterterrorism has featured prominently on the bilateral agenda. Counterterrorism was one

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
An important moment for strategic action on collective cyberdefense
Jamil N. Jaffer

Introduction This chapter argues that the U.S. and India currently face an important moment in their overall strategic relationship and, in particular, when it comes to cybersecurity issues. The chapter briefly describes the recent history of the U.S.–India strategic partnership that has blossomed in the past decade and half since 2005 and discusses the particular challenges to that partnership currently in play and the common threats facing these two nations that, taken together, argue in favor of a

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
Carol V. Evans

Introduction The focus of this chapter is to examine the geostrategic and domestic political factors shaping the future of U.S.–India intelligence cooperation and to provide a tangible roadmap for augmenting strategic and tactical-level intelligence sharing. In the following chapter, Saikat Datta provides a historical overview of the complicated, and sometimes fractured, bilateral intelligence relationship between the two countries. 2 This chapter offers a more optimistic viewpoint, highlighting

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
Legacies of defense organizational processes
Frank O’Donnell

U.S.–India bilateral defense technology trade and cooperation has been a key indicator of the warming strategic partnership. 1 India has purchased an estimated $18bn of U.S. defense platforms since 2001, with at least an estimated $5.4bn of acquisitions under negotiation as of 2019. 2 Major U.S. defense firms are identifying Indian companies to partner with for co-production and transfer of leading U.S. technologies. Underlining these markers of progress is the fact that the U.S. has risen to become

in The future of U.S.–India security cooperation
Contrasting priorities
James W. Peterson

system very soon acquired critics who pointed to the unworkability of such a system in the best of scenarios. It would be unable to stop missiles delivered on the ground in a suitcase or other protective cover. Psychologically, leaders in other nations might be concerned that the system would give the U.S. such an advantage with that it might use nuclear blackmail to achieve its objectives. Testing of the evolving system was proceeding apace, and only seven of the first fourteen ground-based missile defense tests were successful (Hook 2014 , 336–337). Other critics

in Russian-American relations in the post-Cold War world
Refashioning Marxism for the Popular Front era
Jodie Collins

have had about the new policy. Indeed, confusion over the law can be seen across Party publications. The September 1936 issue of Health and Hygiene opened with the statement: “It seems that whenever three people congregate these days the conversation invariably drifts to the new Soviet laws on abortion … Quite a few of our friends, however, are honestly upset.” 55 In one article by Sender Garlin, entitled “Every Day is Mother’s Day in U.S.S.R.,” Garlin writes how a “young American social worker … failed to see the distinction between the law prohibiting abortions

in Marxism and America