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Statewide context
Alan Convery

2 The UK Conservative Party: statewide context This chapter explores the relationship between the statewide Conservative Party and Scotland and Wales. The post-1997 Conservative Party famously took a long time to realise the extent it would have to change in order to regain office (Norris and Lovenduski, 2004; Bale, 2010; Snowdon, 2010). Before going on to examine the territorial Conservative Party in detail, we will consider the wider UK context for the changes that occurred at the sub-state level. The Scottish and Welsh Conservative parties may have been

in The territorial Conservative Party
Abstract only
Survival and afterlife
Ben Worthy

7 FOI in the UK: survival and afterlife The development of FOI is a classic case of ‘back room in-fight and front stage dissembling’ (Kennedy 1978, 115). It is a tale of mobilisation and counter-mobilisation within institutional settings and of a small group of decision-makers, insulated from electoral pressure, changing their attitudes (Hacker and Pierson 2014). The first ‘radical’ stage created a proposal designed to fulfil Blair’s 1996 promise, in what amounted to a lightning strike against tradition. The rapid production of the paper was the key to its

in The politics of freedom of information
Construction of the African Union’s peace and security structures
Kasaija Phillip Apuuli

This chapter discusses the role of the UK in supporting African Union (AU) peace and security structures, particularly the AU’s Peace and Security Architecture (APSA), since 2010. The 1997–2010 Labour Government, unlike its immediate predecessors (Conservative governments led by Margaret Thatcher and John Major), gave Africa policy a high profile, and showed enthusiasm for grand initiatives like the New Partnership for Africa’s Development, a programme for African regeneration. The Labour Government’s African policy style was marked, on

in Britain and Africa in the twenty-first century
Janice Norwood

3 Working life in the UK The leading actress in the country theatre will rise at nine, and, after laving her hot forehead and pale face with water, snatch a cup of turbid, provincially-prepared coffee, rush to the theatre, for the ‘call’ for rehearsal is at ten. The drama of ‘Susan Hopley’, in which she sustains the character of that pattern of domestic young ladies in service, occupies her till past twelve. She then waits till two, for the eminent tragedian, Mr. Lara Thundertone, who is to ‘star’ as Macbeth that night, does not rise early, and always keeps

in Victorian touring actresses
Theory and practice
Authors: and

The early part of the twenty-first century has witnessed a sea-change in regulation of the financial system following the financial crisis of 2007-2008. Prior to that financial crisis, the official policy was directed to deregulating the financial system, whereas after 2008 the move is towards increased regulation. This book begins the study of the UK financial system with an introduction to the role of a financial system in an economy, and a very simple model of an economy. In this model the economy is divided into two distinct groups or sectors. The first is the household sector and the second is the firms sector. The book describes the process of financial intermediation, and in doing so, it examines the arguments as to why we need financial institutions. It highlights the nature of financial intermediation, and examines the various roles of financial intermediaries: banks as transformers, undertaking of transformation process, and providers of liquidity insurance. The nature of banking, the operations carried out by banks, and the categories of banking operations are discussed next. The book also examines the investment institutions and other investment vehicles. It examines the role of central banks in the financial system in principle, particularly, the role of the Bank of England. Primary market for equity issues, secondary market, the global stock market crash of October 1987 and efficient markets hypothesis are also covered. The book also looks at the trading of financial derivatives, risk management, bank regulation, and the regulation of life insurance companies, pension funds.

Historical trends and contemporary issues
Lee Jarvis
Michael Lister

violences describable as terrorist have a considerable history, so too do governmental efforts to combat, prevent and respond thereto. Our argument in this chapter is that understanding the significance of the UK government’s recent anti-terrorism efforts requires locating these in historical and geographical context. This involves exploring previous anti-terrorism campaigns, as well as contrasting them

in Anti-terrorism, citizenship and security
Scale of demand and the role of competences
Suma S. Athreye

8 The evolution of the UK software market: scale of demand and the role of competences Suma S. Athreye Introduction This chapter studies the evolution of the software industry in the UK. Previous work on the evolution of the software industry in the UK by Grindley (1996) emphasised the constraints imposed on the newly emerging software sector due to the steady erosion of a domestic hardware capability. While hardware manufacturers were an important source of demand and often supplied the entrepreneurship required for software firms in the early stages, we show

in Market relations and the competitive process
A pity to lose the contribution?
Jessica Guth

There is a plethora of writing about European Union (EU) law post-Brexit. Almost all of it is focused on the application of EU-law in the UK and what relationship, if any, the UK might have with the Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU). The focus of this writing appears to be on the complexities of untangling the UK legal systems from the EU, highlighting the wide-ranging protection offered by EU law that is likely to be lost and understanding where legal gaps will need to be filled. There is, however, far less work which considers what the EU legal

in The European Union after Brexit
Analytical challenges
Simon Bulmer
Martin Burch

9780719055157_4_002.qxd 20/3/09 12:06 PM Page 20 2 The Europeanisation of UK central government: analytical challenges Introduction This chapter is designed to provide an analytical basis for our study of how British central government has come to terms with European integration. It rests on two elements which are examined in the chapter: Europeanisation and new institutionalism. Our initial concern is to locate the study in the context of the Europeanisation literature. In doing so, we place the adaptation to the EU of the UK generally, and of Whitehall

in The Europeanisation of Whitehall
Christopher T. Marsden

The term ‘Open Internet’ is one that the digital minister, Ed Vaizey and I agreed some years ago was a better term for the UK than the American term – net neutrality. Richard Hooper 1 Regulation of Internet access is a difficult

in Network neutrality