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Lessons Learned for Engagement in Fragile and Conflict-Affected States
Logan Cochrane

Sudan does not feature strongly in the database. The three reports it contains on South Sudan focus on refugee assistance programmes outside of the country. At the time of querying the database (February 2018), it was updated to 2015. The low number of results for evaluation reports was surprising, because the database included evaluation reports from 3ie, ALNAP, DANIDA, DFID, government websites, IFAD, MEASURE, Norad, OECD, SIDA, UNAIDS, UNEG, UNICEF, USAID and the World Bank. The academic literature identified in the database was also limited for South Sudan

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Four Decisive Challenges Confronting Humanitarian Innovation
Gerard Finnigan and Otto Farkas

Development ( USAID) (2016) refers to innovation as ‘novel business or organizational models, operational or production processes, or products or services that lead to substantial improvements (not incremental “next steps”) in addressing development challenges’. With such disparate meanings, there is little surprise the sector was once criticised for failing to achieve any real innovation for two decades, ‘limiting efforts to increase coverage, quality and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Expanding Gender Norms to Marriage Drivers Facing Boys and Men in South Sudan
Michelle Lokot, Lisa DiPangrazio, Dorcas Acen, Veronica Gatpan, and Ronald Apunyo

in rural locations ( Rumble et al. , 2018 ; UNICEF, 2014 ) and communities affected by conflict and displacement ( Mazurana et al. , 2019 ; Baines, 2014 ; Schlecht et al. , 2013 ). Indeed, the relationship between conflict and child marriage is one that has resulted in considerable investment in tackling child marriages among displaced populations and in post-conflict settings by humanitarian agencies ( Oxfam, 2019 ; USAID, 2010 ). This is linked to the focus on addressing sexual violence during conflict; child marriage is often framed as resulting in sexual

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
How Can Humanitarian Analysis, Early Warning and Response Be Improved?
Aditya Sarkar, Benjamin J. Spatz, Alex de Waal, Christopher Newton, and Daniel Maxwell

. For example, the PMF could help in determining the potential humanitarian consequences of shifts in political budgets for different actors or a change in loyalty of a key actor in the PM, like a large militia. In this, the PMF is different from ‘network’ or ‘actor’ analyses which create a static snapshot of actors and their relationships ( Le Billon, 2002 ; USAID, 2012 ). A PM analysis helps uncover the broader dynamics and rules underpinning those relationships and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

: Preventing and Responding to Gender-based Violence ’, USAID Blog , 10 December , https://blog.usaid.gov/2012/12/16-day-challenge-keeping-international-workers-safe-preventing-and-responding-to-gender-based-violence/ (accessed 31 July 2020 ). Martin , S. ( 2018 ), ‘ “Holier than Thou” MSF Needs Its Own #MeToo Moment

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Insight from Northeast Nigeria
Chikezirim C. Nwoke, Jennifer Becker, Sofiya Popovych, Mathew Gabriel, and Logan Cochrane

, women and girls were more restricted by society. Many were given off to suitors when they are between the ages of 13 and 15; not many were allowed to go to school. Now, the issue of early marriage is less, and more girls go to school. Lead Mother Indeed, the USAID-funded Demographic and Health Surveys Program (DHS) has found a decrease in CEFM. 4 The last DHS conducted in 2018 shows a decrease in the number of girls marrying before the age of 18 from 48 per cent in 2013 to 43 per cent in 2018. Specifically for Borno, the age of marriage increased from 17.3 in 2013

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Brendan T. Lawson

Quantification ’, Social Science Information , 58 : 2 , 238 – 60 . Fast , L. and Waugaman , A. ( 2016 ), Fighting Ebola with Information: Learning from the Use of Data, Information, and Digital Technologies in the West African Ebola Outbreak Response , USAID

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Uses and Misuses of International Humanitarian Law and Humanitarian Principles
Rony Brauman

respecting the first two. Leaving aside the aforementioned fact that a national Red Cross society cannot be both an auxiliary of the government and independent of it, let us look at the meaning and limits of the concept for NGOs. Most NGOs are funded by institutional donors (the EU’s European Civil Protection and Humanitarian Aid Operations (ECHO), the United States Agency for International Development (USAID), the UK’s Department for International Development (DFID), etc.) and

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
‘Showered with kindness?’
Author: Heike Wieters

This book provides a historical account of the NGO Cooperative for American Remittances to Europe (CARE) as one of the largest humanitarian NGOs worldwide from 1945 to 1980. Readers interested in international relations and humanitarian hunger prevention are provided with fascinating insights into the economic and business related aspects of Western non-governmental politics, fundraising and philanthropic giving in this field. The book also offers rich empirical material on the political implications of private and governmental international aid in a world marked by the order of the Cold War, and decolonialization processes. It elaborates the struggle of so called "Third World Countries" to catch up with modern Western consumer societies. In order to do justice to CARE's growing dimensions and to try to make sense of the various challenges arising from international operations, the book contains five main chapters on CARE's organizational development, with three case studies. It tells CARE's story on two different yet connected levels. First, it tells the story as a history of individuals and their interactions, conflicts, initiatives, and alliances within CARE and second as an organizational history focusing on institutional networks, CARE's role in international diplomacy. By the start of the 1960s CARE's strategically planned transformation into a development-oriented agency was in full swing. With United States Agency for International Development (USAID), Food for Peace, and the Peace Corps, several new government agencies in the development assistance sector were founded that offered potential junctions and opportunities for cooperation for CARE and the voluntary agencies in general.

Heike Wieters

their visibility as private players in food aid, relief, and development assistance, despite growing competition from USAID experts and agencies such as the Peace Corps. Lyndon B. Johnson’s Great Society program, his focus on domestic and international poverty prevention, and the establishment of a War on Hunger office within USAID had also included the voluntary agencies as important proponents of

in The NGO CARE and food aid From America, 1945–80