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Series: Pocket Politics
Author: Brice Dickson

This book is about what steps should be taken to ensure that the United Kingdom does not fragment. It examines the state of play concerning the devolution of powers in the UK and considers the impact which the Brexit process could have on devolution in the future. It contributes to the debate about what a post-Brexit UK should look like and whether now, at long last, the nation needs a comprehensive written Constitution. After looking at the present situation concerning the protection of human rights in the UK, and by drawing lessons from the experiences of four other common law countries in operating written Constitutions – the USA, Canada, Australia and Ireland, it concludes that the UK should not seek to acquire a single written Constitution and that a much more useful advance would be to turn the nation into a federation. Far from endangering the Union, which is already fragile, a formalised federal structure could strengthen the bonds between the four constituent parts of the UK and encourage all of its people to strive towards upholding a value-based set of national goals articulated in legislation. The book argues that a Constitutional Reform Act should be enacted to create the federation, while retaining the country’s name as ‘the United Kingdom’. The same Act should make related reforms such as reconstructing the House of Lords, adopting a UK Bill of Rights and creating a fairer method for deciding how funds should be allocated by central government to the three devolved regions.

Hegemony, policy and the rhetoric of ‘sustainable aviation’

The massive expansion of global aviation, its insatiable demand for airport capacity, and its growing contribution to carbon emissions, makes it a critical societal problem. Alongside traditional concerns about noise and air pollution, and the disruption of local communities, airport politics has been connected to the problems of climate change and peak oil. Yet it is still thought to be a driver of economic growth and connectivity in an increasingly mobile world.

The Politics of Airport Expansion in the UK provides the first in-depth analysis of the protest campaigns and policymaking practices that have marked British aviation since the construction of Heathrow Airport. Grounded in documentary analysis, interviews and policy texts, it constructs and employs poststructuralist policy analysis to delineate the rival rhetorical and discursive strategies articulated by the coalitions seeking to shape public policy.

Focusing on attempts by New Labour to engineer an acceptable policy of ‘sustainable aviation’, the book explores its transformation into a ‘wicked policy issue’ that defies a rational and equitable policy solution. It details the challenges posed to government by the rhetoric of scientific discourse and expert knowledge, and how the campaign against the third runway at Heathrow turned local residents, the perpetual ‘losers’ of aviation expansion, into apparent ‘winners’. It concludes by evaluating the challenges facing environmentalists and government in the face of concerted pressures from the aviation industry to expand.

This book will appeal to scholars and researchers of environmental policy and politics, poststructuralist political theory, social movements, and transport studies.

Open Access (free)
Between political controversy and administrative efficiency
Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer

2444Ch17 3/12/02 17 2:07 pm Page 388 Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer The United Kingdom: between political controversy and administrative efficiency Introduction: once a latecomer always a latecomer? European integration has represented one of the most fundamental challenges for politics in the United Kingdom since 1945. Integration has highlighted the problems of, and possibilities for, the re-orientation of foreign policy as part of the United Kingdom’s post-war descent from world power status. The ‘Monnet method’ of supranational integration

in Fifteen into one?
Brice Dickson

Introduction The United Kingdom currently stands at a critical junction. Its government is in the midst of negotiating with the European Commission and the other 27 Member States of the European Union as favourable an exit as it can get from the European Union. The people of Scotland are clamouring in significant numbers for their country to become a completely independent state (preferably within the EU) and the future constitutional status of Northern Ireland is in greater doubt than it has been

in Writing the United Kingdom Constitution
Malcolm Chase

Chase 01_Tonra 01 22/01/2013 11:04 Page 9 1 The United Kingdom in 1820 Prologue On 1 January Joseph Farington rose at 8.20 a.m., feeling ‘very unwell’. This may explain why he failed to step outside his home in London’s Charlotte Street, as was his custom, to note the temperature. But he recorded in his diary that it was ‘a thick discoloured morng and day’. The temperature on rising on New Year’s Eve had been minus 3 degrees centigrade in a ‘thick frosty haze’. By Wednesday 5 January his thermometer read minus 8: he had last recorded a positive reading on 23

in 1820
Alistair Cole

2 Comparing France and the United Kingdom Beyond Devolution and Decentralisation is inspired by a long tradition of Franco-British comparison (Lagroye and Wright, 1979; Ashford, 1982; Cole and John, 2001). Whether they are defined in terms of legal frameworks, state traditions or political culture, the UK and France have represented distinctive liberal democratic poles. These two states share sufficient traits in common, however, to make comparison meaningful. In his conceptual map of Europe, Rokkan identified three types of European state: the strong empire

in Beyond devolution and decentralisation
The Women’s National Commission
Wendy Stokes

184 CASE STUDIES 9 The government of the United Kingdom: the Women’s National Commission1 wendy stokes Introduction There have been two significant stages in the creation of national machineries for women within government in the United Kingdom. The first phase was in the 1960s and 1970s, when anti-discrimination and equal pay legislation was accompanied by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Commissions (EOC) in England, Scotland and Wales, and the UK-wide Women’s National Commission (WNC). The governments of the 1980s and 1990s established a Minister for

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
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Full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers
Michael Rush

4 The United Kingdom: full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers Introduction The changing nature of fatherhood was a controversial topic in British social science debates. At the heart of British debates lay a quintessentially liberal dilemma about the extent to which men’s traditional role as breadwinners came under strain from ‘new father’ ideologies, feminism and the ‘secular norm’ of both parents working and caring (Dean, 2001:267). On the one hand, research studies suggested that the shift towards new father ideologies had not come from British fathers

in Between two worlds of father politics
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Brice Dickson

Adam Tomkins, a prominent constitutional law scholar and a Conservative Member of the Scottish Parliament, maintains that, while turning the United Kingdom into a federation is not advisable, certain lessons can be learned from the idea of federation (Tomkins 2018 : Chap. 3). He suggests, for example, that: we need a new Act of Union, to set out what the Union is for … we need to create new mechanisms of shared rule and joint policy-making, and … we need an open, transparent

in Writing the United Kingdom Constitution
Brice Dickson

As intimated in Chapter 1 , a good case can be made for improving the United Kingdom’s Constitution not by reducing it to a single document but by formally recognising the country as a federation. Some might fear such a reform on the grounds that it might threaten the integrity of the Union and hasten the day of its break-up. I would argue to the contrary. Paradoxical though it may seem, the establishment of a federation could do a lot to strengthen the sense of identity within each of the four nations

in Writing the United Kingdom Constitution