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Hegemony, policy and the rhetoric of ‘sustainable aviation’

The massive expansion of global aviation, its insatiable demand for airport capacity, and its growing contribution to carbon emissions, makes it a critical societal problem. Alongside traditional concerns about noise and air pollution, and the disruption of local communities, airport politics has been connected to the problems of climate change and peak oil. Yet it is still thought to be a driver of economic growth and connectivity in an increasingly mobile world.

The Politics of Airport Expansion in the UK provides the first in-depth analysis of the protest campaigns and policymaking practices that have marked British aviation since the construction of Heathrow Airport. Grounded in documentary analysis, interviews and policy texts, it constructs and employs poststructuralist policy analysis to delineate the rival rhetorical and discursive strategies articulated by the coalitions seeking to shape public policy.

Focusing on attempts by New Labour to engineer an acceptable policy of ‘sustainable aviation’, the book explores its transformation into a ‘wicked policy issue’ that defies a rational and equitable policy solution. It details the challenges posed to government by the rhetoric of scientific discourse and expert knowledge, and how the campaign against the third runway at Heathrow turned local residents, the perpetual ‘losers’ of aviation expansion, into apparent ‘winners’. It concludes by evaluating the challenges facing environmentalists and government in the face of concerted pressures from the aviation industry to expand.

This book will appeal to scholars and researchers of environmental policy and politics, poststructuralist political theory, social movements, and transport studies.

Open Access (free)
Between political controversy and administrative efficiency
Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer

2444Ch17 3/12/02 17 2:07 pm Page 388 Kenneth A. Armstrong and Simon Bulmer The United Kingdom: between political controversy and administrative efficiency Introduction: once a latecomer always a latecomer? European integration has represented one of the most fundamental challenges for politics in the United Kingdom since 1945. Integration has highlighted the problems of, and possibilities for, the re-orientation of foreign policy as part of the United Kingdom’s post-war descent from world power status. The ‘Monnet method’ of supranational integration

in Fifteen into one?
Malcolm Chase

Chase 01_Tonra 01 22/01/2013 11:04 Page 9 1 The United Kingdom in 1820 Prologue On 1 January Joseph Farington rose at 8.20 a.m., feeling ‘very unwell’. This may explain why he failed to step outside his home in London’s Charlotte Street, as was his custom, to note the temperature. But he recorded in his diary that it was ‘a thick discoloured morng and day’. The temperature on rising on New Year’s Eve had been minus 3 degrees centigrade in a ‘thick frosty haze’. By Wednesday 5 January his thermometer read minus 8: he had last recorded a positive reading on 23

in 1820
Alistair Cole

2 Comparing France and the United Kingdom Beyond Devolution and Decentralisation is inspired by a long tradition of Franco-British comparison (Lagroye and Wright, 1979; Ashford, 1982; Cole and John, 2001). Whether they are defined in terms of legal frameworks, state traditions or political culture, the UK and France have represented distinctive liberal democratic poles. These two states share sufficient traits in common, however, to make comparison meaningful. In his conceptual map of Europe, Rokkan identified three types of European state: the strong empire

in Beyond devolution and decentralisation
The Women’s National Commission
Wendy Stokes

184 CASE STUDIES 9 The government of the United Kingdom: the Women’s National Commission1 wendy stokes Introduction There have been two significant stages in the creation of national machineries for women within government in the United Kingdom. The first phase was in the 1960s and 1970s, when anti-discrimination and equal pay legislation was accompanied by the creation of the Equal Opportunities Commissions (EOC) in England, Scotland and Wales, and the UK-wide Women’s National Commission (WNC). The governments of the 1980s and 1990s established a Minister for

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
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Full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers
Michael Rush

4 The United Kingdom: full-time breadwinners and part-time fathers Introduction The changing nature of fatherhood was a controversial topic in British social science debates. At the heart of British debates lay a quintessentially liberal dilemma about the extent to which men’s traditional role as breadwinners came under strain from ‘new father’ ideologies, feminism and the ‘secular norm’ of both parents working and caring (Dean, 2001:267). On the one hand, research studies suggested that the shift towards new father ideologies had not come from British fathers

in Between two worlds of father politics
A tough but necessary measure?
Lee Jarvis and Tim Legrand

seizure of assets; (5) and facilitates the denial of their existence in the UK. Notes 1 We cannot avoid an early coda. Tracing the chronology of outlawry and proscription through the history of what, today, is called the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland (shortened to the UK) necessarily requires some jagged jurisdictional deviations. The United Kingdom has, as is well known, only been ‘united’ since 1707. Before then, its boundaries have ebbed, flowed, fractured and expanded. For the sake of clarity, we use the periodisation very helpfully

in Banning them, securing us?
The role of the Committee on Standards in Public Life
David Hine and Gillian Peele

3 Building the United Kingdom’s integrity machinery: the role of the Committee on Standards in Public Life Introduction The previous chapter analysed the United Kingdom’s traditional approach to integrity issues, identifying in particular the reluctance of the political class from the 1920s to the 1990s to treat the subject of ethics and integrity systematically or to learn lessons from episodes of misconduct in public life. Eventually, this approach became untenable. The eruption of the cash-for-questions scandal demanded a new strategy which began in 1994 with

in The regulation of standards in British public life
Vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media
Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor

9 The MMR debate in the United Kingdom: vaccine scares, statesmanship and the media Andrea Stöckl and Anna Smajdor Introduction In 1998, British surgeon and researcher Andrew Wakefield published a paper in the British journal The Lancet , suggesting that there was a link between the triple vaccine against measles, mumps and rubella (MMR) and the development of

in The politics of vaccination
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Steven Griggs and David Howarth

This chapter introduces the key arguments and structure of the book. It argues that air travel in the United Kingdom, traditionally associated with modernist promises of economic growth and increasing mobility, has been transformed into a ‘wicked’ or ‘messy’ policy controversy increasingly connected to climate change and peak oil. The chapter then sets out the contribution of this study to three related concerns. It first explains how airport expansion has been reframed as an intractable policy issue, analysing the political and rhetorical strategies that have emerged to resolve it while investigating how environmental campaigners appear to have been able to stall and possibly reverse aviation expansion. It also explores the construction and potential resolution of ‘wicked problems’ and the theoretical tools with which to explore them. Finally, it demonstrates how poststructuralist discourse theory and its insights into hegemony, rhetoric, heresthetics and fantasy offer novel twists on explanations of policy change.

in The politics of airport expansion in the United Kingdom