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Author: Ross M. English

The role of the Congress is essential to any study of American government and politics. It would be impossible to gain a complete understanding of the American system of government without an appreciation of the nature and workings of this essential body. This text looks at the workings of the United States Congress, and uses the Republican period of ascendancy, which lasted from 1994 until 2000, as an example of how the Congress works in practice. The book illustrates the basic principles of Congress using contemporary and recent examples, while also drawing attention to the changes that took place in the 1990s. The period of Republican control is absent from many of the standard texts and is of considerable academic interest for a number of reasons, not least the 1994 election, the budget deadlock in 1995 and the Clinton impeachment scandal of 1999. The book traces the origin and development of the United States Congress, before looking in depth at the role of representatives and senators, the committee system, parties in Congress, and the relationship between Congress and the President, the media and interest groups.

Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González and Desmond King

15 The United States francisco e. gonzález and desmond king Any discussion of the United States’ political democratization is fundamentally complicated by its role since 1917 as a global model and defender of liberal democracy, a role that burgeoned after 1941. As a consequence of this responsibility, historically the United States’ democratization has been both a domestic and international process. National and international politics have presented two trajectories that cohere into a common narrative of democratization (King 2004). This narrative is a

in Democratization through the looking-glass
A political and legal analysis, Second edition

The United States Supreme Court is an important, exciting and controversial institution. This book includes the major decisions of the 2014 and 2015 Supreme Court Term. It examines some of the fascinating policy issues that are central to the Court by examining its contemporary agenda. The book analyses the Court's major decisions on controversial issues such as race, abortion, capital punishment and gay rights. It explains the ideas that underpinned the creation of the Supreme Court in the first place and how and why it has changed over the years. The book then investigates how the framers of the Constitution envisaged the nature and the role of the Supreme Court, and how and why these have evolved. With examples, it also explains the process by which the personal, the judicial and the political are interwoven in some of the Court's most important cases. Next, the book takes up the specifically judicial and legal basics of the Court's structure and processes and looks at the rules and procedures that govern the Justices' work. The key concept of judicial review, the source of the Court's power is then examined. The book moves on to analyse one of the most controversial features of the contemporary Supreme Court, the process of appointing new Justices, and examines the politicisation of the appointment process. Finally, it explores how powerful is the Court and what is its role in American government and politics.

Deepening ties and securitising cyberspace
Maryanne Kelton and Zac Rogers

Introduction: Strengthening the alliance Obama’s politics of liberal internationalism promoted the rule of law, free trade and democratic values throughout the Asia Pacific. At the same time, his pragmatic realism was designed to secure the United States’ position in the region. This approach extended to deepening ties with regional allies and fostering the growth and corporatisation of US cyber capability. On both counts, he found a willing ally in Australia. Obama’s specific legacy, then, was to consolidate US–Australia political and economic relations

in The United States in the Indo-Pacific
Thomas M. Hanna

Chapter 1 Public ownership in the United States and around the world Despite more than four decades of pressure for privatization, ­public ownership in practice remains incredibly common – and popular – on the ground throughout the developed and developing world. A 2014 report by the OECD, for instance, found that in just 34 countries there were 2,111 state owned enterprises with around 6 million employees and a total value of over $2 trillion (this was only at the central or federal level of government. Local and regional publicly owned enterprises were not

in Our common wealth
James Johnson

Does the United States still harbour ambitions to regain its (albeit fleeting) unipolar status? Or is it instead resigned to an existence as simply one of a number of great powers in a multipolar era? 1 In what ways is the increasingly multipolar strategic environment encouraging new forms of competition that may threaten stability? Alternatively, will the increasingly competitive US–China relationship dominate world politics, creating what would therefore be a new bipolarity? International

in National perspectives on a multipolar order
International socialisation across the pond?
Kelly Kollman

Kollman 06_Tonra 01 03/12/2012 12:45 Page 143 6 Same-sex unions in Canada and the United States: international socialisation across the pond? This chapter examines the extent to which processes of international socialisation have shaped debates about same-sex relationship recognition in Canada and the US despite their greater distance – both geographic and political – from the European polity in which the SSU norm first appeared. Perhaps because of these distances very little of the burgeoning literature on US and Canadian LGBT politics has examined the ways

in The same-sex unions revolution in western democracies
Clara Eroukhmanoff

envisaged, the discourse changed to one of saving the women and children of Iraq from the oppression of a dictator. This fulfilled a gendered Western security narrative that views Western interventions as helping and saving oppressed women in other parts of the world, or in Spivak's ( 1994 , 93) terms, ‘white men are saving brown women from brown men’. This discourse had already been issued in 2001 in Afghanistan and during the 1990s, especially under Clinton, in what US foreign policy commentator Sebastian Mallaby ( 1997 ) called ‘the United States’ noble phase’, a

in The securitisation of Islam
An emerging partnership
Harsh V. Pant

2 India and the United States: an emerging partnership During the visit of the Indian Prime Minister, Manmohan Singh, to the United States in July 2005, the George W.  Bush administration declared its ambition to achieve full civil nuclear energy cooperation with India as part of its broader goals of promoting nuclear power and achieving nuclear security. In pursuit of this objective, the Bush administration agreed to “seek agreement from Congress to adjust U.S. laws and policies” and to “work with friends and allies to adjust international regimes to enable

in Indian foreign policy
Obama’s Legacy and the Trump Transition

This edited volume explores the political, economic and security legacies former US President Barack Obama leaves across Asia and the Pacific, following two terms in office between 2009 and 2017. The aim is to advance our understanding of Obama’s style, influence and impact by interrogating the nature and contours of US engagement throughout the region, and the footprint he leaves behind. Moreover, it is to inform upon the endurance of, and prospects for, the legacies Obama leaves in a region increasingly reimaged in Washington as the Indo-Pacific. Contributors to the volume examine these questions in early 2019, at around the halfway point of the 2017–2021 Presidency of Donald Trump, as his administration opens a new and potentially divergent chapter of American internationalism. The volume uniquely explores the contours and dimensions of US relations and interactions with key Indo-Pacific states including China, India, Japan, North Korea and Australia; multilateral institutions and organisations such the East Asia Summit and ASEAN; and salient issue areas such as regional security, politics and diplomacy, and the economy. It does so with contributions from high-profile scholars and policy practitioners, including Michael Mastanduno, Bruce Cumings, Maryanne Kelton, Robert Sutter and Sumit Ganguly. The volume will be of interest to students and scholars of the international relations of Asia and the Pacific, broadly defined; US foreign policy and global engagement; the record and legacies of former President Barack Obama; and the foreign policies of the administration of President Donald Trump.