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A study of the Christian Social movement

Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites engages with and challenges some key narratives of one of the darkest periods in the history of Vienna; the rise and sustained presence of organised, politically directed antisemitism in the city between the late nineteenth century and the middle of the twentieth. Sketching out first the longer-term background, it then focuses on central players in the antisemitic Christian Social movement, which flourished through an ideology of exclusion and prejudice. The work is built on considerable original research into both bourgeois social organisations and activists from the lower clergy, but it also exposes the role played in the development of antisemitism by the senior clergy in Vienna. In addition to a close examination of the antisemitic aspects of the Christian Socials, it analyses how other major social debates in this period impacted on their development as a group: national struggles, especially the desire for German unification; responses to the waves of poverty and social unrest that swept over Europe; and conservative and clerical reactions to modernity, such as liberalism and democracy – debates with a resonance far beyond Vienna. Vienna’s ‘respectable’ antisemites tells its story across this long period, and for the first time in such detail, to give room to the gestation in ‘respectable’ society of antisemitism, an ideology that seemed to be dying in the 1860s, but which was revived and given new strength from the 1880s onwards, even surviving challenges from the more widely known Red Vienna of the 1920s and 1930s.

Nico Randeraad

3 The expansion of Europe: Vienna 1857 T he year 1857 was the last carefree year of the Austrian Empire, geographically the second largest state in Europe after Russia. Its territory stretched from Bregenz and Milan in the west to Braşov and Lviv in the east, from Prague in the north to Dalmatia on the Adriatic Sea. The colossal multi-ethnic empire had many enemies, inside and outside its borders. Rising nationalism was a threat to domestic stability, and neighbouring powers were waiting for an opportunity to profit from the internal tensions. In 1858, emperor

in States and statistics in the nineteenth century
Natalia Aleksiun

In her oral interview for the University of Southern California (USC) Shoah Foundation, Anita Karl, who was born in 1938 in Lwów (Lemberg, Lviv in present-day Ukraine), recalled her close-knit family’s experiences before the Holocaust. Her relatives lived together, except for one uncle who became a family legend. As the eldest of six Karl brothers, Joel (Julius) Karl (1900–73) moved to Vienna to study medicine. His orthodox father Marcus worried that a separation from the family home would present Joel with

in Global biographies
Derek Robbins

1 Schutz in Vienna, 1899–1938 This chapter offers a brief outline of Schutz’s career in the first half of his life and then considers in detail the texts, published and unpublished at the time, which he produced in this period. It concludes with a summary of the correlations between these social and intellectual trajectories, both in relation to the Viennese context. The career Alfred Schutz1 was born in Vienna on 13 April 1899. After several years of elementary schooling, he attended the Esterhazy Gymnasium. This offered a classical curriculum. He studied

in The Bourdieu paradigm
Joyce and the Freudian Bildungsroman
Michael G. Cronin

1 Going to Tara via Vienna: Joyce and the Freudian Bildungsroman In the first two-thirds of the twentieth century, beginning with James Joyce’s A Portrait of the Artist as a Young Man (1916), the Irish Catholic Bildungsroman functioned as a crucial site on which Irish culture thought about, worried over and negotiated the connection between sexuality and modernity. Across that period, this genre provided a cultural vehicle through which the twentieth-century Freudian model of sexuality interacted with an older, reproductive model that was principally mediated

in Impure thoughts
Joanne Yao

The 1815 Congress of Vienna is often seen by historians and political scientists alike as a turning point in European politics, with lasting consequences for international security and order. In this chapter, I examine one of the Congress's lesser-known outcomes – the creation of the Central Commission for the Navigation of the Rhine – to interrogate the extent to which the Congress and the Rhine Commission represented a new direction for European politics. Two opposing forces framed the Congress of Vienna and its stance toward cooperation

in The ideal river
Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
Open Access (free)
Architecture, Building and Humanitarian Innovation
Tom Scott-Smith

Biennale because they were so practical and focused on everyday life, with thoughtful and humanistic ambitions. The projects were based on a simple idea: not to construct new shelters but to improve the empty office buildings that lay empty across Vienna after the financial crash. The walls of the bright white pavilion were illustrated with simple photographs, quotations and publications describing the approach, transforming dull grey offices into liveable accommodation by

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Essays on Film Music
Christopher Wintle and Hans Keller

Among the musical Hitler Émigrés from Vienna to London, pride of place has often been accorded to Hans Keller, a psychologically-minded critic (or, as he described himself, ‘anti-critic’) who dominated the British musical scene for the 40 years that followed 1945. In the period 1946-1959 he devoted himself assiduously to film music, on the one hand laying out the topics that a ‘competent film music critic’ would need to address, and on the other paying scrupulous attention to everything he saw and heard. He shared with Theodor Adorno a loathing of Hollywood, and championed British composers above most others. This selection comes in advance of the publication of his collected writings on film, Film Music and Beyond (London, Plumbago, 2005), and shows on the one hand his topical writings, dealing with the importance of actually listening to film-music, ‘noise as leitmotif’, the contribution of psychology to understanding the function of film music, and classical quotations in film, and on the other hand his writing on composers, including Arthur Benjamin, Georges Auric, William Alwyn, Leonard,Bernstein (On the Waterfront) and Anton Karas (The Third Man).

Film Studies
A Realistic Ambition?
Pierre Mendiharat, Elba Rahmouni, and Léon Salumu

organisation position itself with regard to the UNAIDS slogan about ending the epidemic by 2030? Pierre Mendiharat: Unlike the 90-90-90 targets, eliminating HIV by 2030 has never been part of our strategy. Generally speaking, that type of objective is very foreign to how MSF works, i.e. having narrowly focused projects and more short-term objectives. ‘Ending AIDS by 2030’ is a slogan that UNAIDS has been using since the 2011 IAS conference in Vienna to re-energise institutional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs