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Editors: David Durnin and Ian Miller

Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict, 1914-45 is the first exploration of Irish medical and health experiences during the First and Second World Wars, as well as during the Irish revolutionary period. It examines the physical, mental and emotional impact of conflict on Irish political and social life and medical, scientific and official interventions in Irish health matters. The volume asks: What made Irish medical and health experiences unique? Did the financial exigencies of war impact detrimentally on Irish health care provision? How were psychological and emotional responses to war managed in Ireland? Did Ireland witness unique disease trends? And how did Irish medical communities and volunteers partake in international war efforts? The authors suggest that twentieth-century warfare and political unrest profoundly shaped Irish experiences of medicine and health and that Irish political, social and economic contexts added unique contours to those experiences not evident in other countries. In pursuing these themes, Medicine, Health and Irish Experiences of Conflict, 1914-45 offers an original and focused intervention into a central, but so far unexplored, theme in Irish medical history.

Corporations, Celebrities and the Construction of the Entrepreneurial Refugee Woman
Annika Bergman Rosamond and Catia Gregoratti

with a ‘trauma-informed approach’ ( RefuSHE, 2020b ), which views social enterprise as a ‘step in the journey toward independence and a new life after war and conflict’. Emancipatory and healing qualities thus are assigned to artisan work whereby refugee women ‘learn, grow and become leaders in their own right’ ( Rigou, 2018 ). This is coupled with an emphasis on the significance of education and offering a ‘safe shelter and a peaceful

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Rhiannon Vickers

trauma of the First World War, the post-war years saw a period of remarkable optimism about the ability to banish war and conflict through the rational application of international law and the operation of the League of Nations. The Vic04 10/15/03 2:10 PM Page 81 THE LABOUR MINORITY GOVERNMENTS 81 ideas of the UDC, developed through their publications during the war, coincided with liberal internationalist views propounded by President Woodrow Wilson. In particular, they were similar to, and preceded, the Fourteen Points of the peace programme Wilson outlined in

in The Labour Party and the world, volume 1
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Elke Schwarz

technologies are already at work in war and conflict today, gradually limiting the space for political and ethical contestation, while simultaneously carving out more and more space for violence-as-politics. The chapter continues with a brief overview of the status of armed drones and their discourses on ethics today. This is not intended to be a comprehensive survey; rather, it aims to set the scene for a mapping out of the biopolitical rationale that underpins lethal

in Death machines
David Bolton

deliver trauma therapies, undertake research, train practitioners in trauma-related skills, and support other communities affected by war and conflict. The Centre opened in May 2002 and closed in December 2011. Laying the foundations The therapeutic work of the new Centre focused on trauma-related disorders linked to the Troubles. In view of its origins, the therapy service was intended to be for adults

in Conflict, peace and mental health
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Vicki Squire, Nina Perkowski, Dallal Stevens, and Nick Vaughan-Williams

demands for justice, the chapter focuses on two broad sets of demands that emerged in particularly striking terms within our counter-archive. These largely, though not perfectly, correspond to the testimonies of people travelling along the central and the eastern Mediterranean routes respectively. First, the chapter examines testimonies that advance claims about the role that the EU and its member states play in perpetuating conditions of war and conflict, which are expressed most prominently by those travelling along the eastern route. We show how such claims emerge

in Reclaiming migration
The American Revolution and the 1783 partition of North America
Eliga H. Gould

of culture, trade and diplomacy, it often felt very real to citizens of the United States. The second consequence of Britain’s actions at the conclusion of the Revolutionary War was to condemn the empire’s former and current American subjects to a much longer cycle of war and conflict. That cycle was destined to have a profound impact on everyone involved, including people who lived in the colonies that became the United States. That of course is what partitions have usually done. The one that accompanied the American Revolution was no exception. Notes 1 J

in Making the British empire, 1660–1800
A framework of inclusion and exclusion
Mark Webber

This chapter explores how different forms of inclusion and exclusion relate to a broader system of security relations in post-Cold War Europe. In so doing, it utilises the notion of ‘security community’, which has features deducible from its core characteristic of regulated peace. It considers these features as a form of ‘security governance’ at the international level. Governance of this type is evidenced by reference to the categories of region, institutionalisation and compliance. These categories help in delineating relations of governance within the security community itself and, equally, help to conceptualise the ‘fuzzy’ boundary between that community and its external environment. This chapter first discusses war and conflict in Europe after the Cold War, neo-realism and neo-institutionalism, security cooperation, peace, liberal theory on European security, social constructivism and the limits of Europe's security community.

in Inclusion, exclusion and the governance of European Security
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Making sense of conflict
Kirsten Forkert, Federico Oliveri, Gargi Bhattacharyya, and Janna Graham

entertainment, respondents in the UK showed that ‘war and conflict’ definitively remains the main issue followed in the news (85 of 112). Respondents in Italy identified ‘war and conflict’ as the second most followed issue in the news (68 of 100), preceded by ‘immigration’ (70 of 100). The Italian 74 War narratives: making sense of conflict result is probably the effect of the long-term intense media coverage of events related to search and rescue operations in the Mediterranean, especially after the Lampedusa shipwreck of 3 October 2013 and of the beginning of the Mare

in How media and conflicts make migrants
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Anca Mihaela Pusca

life of millions of people. For those who are undergoing the transitions, democratizations, revolutions, coups, wars and conflicts, social change appears much more confusing than the academic classifications addressing it, and oftentimes with a less concrete and predetermined sense of direction. Starting with the premise that all societies are built around a series of social myths or illusions, and that social solidarities are inherently connected to these myths and illusions, this book argues that transitions—such as the transition from communism to capitalism

in Revolution, democratic transition and disillusionment