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The French units and the convoy at St Omer 1917–18
Janet Lee

6 Petticoat warriors The French units and the convoy at St Omer 1917–18 The winter of 1917–18, like the one before it, was one of the coldest on record and sorely tried the FANY knack for coping with whatever came their way. Doris Russell Allen, newly promoted Commanding Officer of the French FANY units, reported on these horrendous conditions. The roads were cut up and pitted with shells and the never-ending mud had frozen into huge, often impassable ruts. However she reported that true to their motto, the drivers were not deterred, and, indeed, one ingenious

in War girls
Helena Grice

Politically and socially … I look at myself as being very much a feminist. Growing up as I did as a kid, I don’t see how I could not have been a feminist. In Chinese culture, people always talk about how girls are bad. When you hear that, right away it makes you radical like anything. (Maxine Hong Kingston) 1 M aureen Sabine’s innovative 2004 study of The Woman Warrior and China Men, Maxine Hong Kingston’s Broken Book of Life: An Intertextual Study , explores the disproportionate strength of the feminist

in Maxine Hong Kingston
Conceptual blending in Anhaga (R.5) and Wæpnum Awyrged (R.20)
Karin Olsen

lonely, perhaps exiled warrior who has been wounded in many conflicts (input 1; see Figure 6.3 ). On the other hand, the conventional use of prosopopoeia in the Old English riddles suggests that the speaker of the riddle is most probably not a human being, let alone a warrior, for this option would make the riddle cease to be a riddle. As mentioned above, riddles are blends that have two or more input spaces. Depending on the complexity of the riddle, at least one of these inputs is both obvious and incorrect: whatever the anhaga turns out to be, the referent is not

in Riddles at work in the early medieval tradition
St John Rivers and the language of war
Karen Turner

• 9 • Charlotte Brontë’s ‘warrior priest’: St John Rivers and the language of war Karen Turner In July 1855, the Reverend Patrick Brontë wrote to Elizabeth Gaskell about his children’s early fascination with all things military. He particularly noted his daughter Charlotte’s fascination with her ‘hero’, the Duke of Wellington, recalling that the children would engage in heated arguments about the relative merits of Wellington, Bonaparte, Hannibal and Caesar and that he would frequently be called in to arbitrate.1 Charlotte Brontë’s interest in the ‘Iron Duke

in Martial masculinities
Gender adaptations in modern war films
Jeffrey Walsh

and Revolution in Vietnam (1984). The deadly woman sniper, who kills three soldiers, is an elite warrior who emulates the two legendary heroines of her race, the martial Trung sisters, who inspired their people to throw off the Chinese yoke in AD 40–43. There is no wish fulfilment in Kubrick’s symbolism, only an acknowledgement of her lethal skills as a riflewoman. Because of the ethnocentric character

in Gender and warfare in the twentieth century
Michel Summer

. 3 Within the poem, helmets, armour and swords are used as gifts and grave-goods. The poet presents these items as playing a pivotal role in the establishment and the perpetuation of the ties that existed between a military leader and his warriors. 4 Although their authors were Christian and chronologically removed from the periods they described, texts such as Beowulf or the sagas written in Old Norse are used by historians and archaeologists to

in Early medieval militarisation
David Hesse

Conclusion: warrior dreams At the beginning of the twenty-­first century, thousands of Europeans are searching for their past. In response to the social, economic, and technological changes which have characterised the second half of the twentieth century, they are attempting to protect and remember a history which they feel is vanishing too quickly. They are concerned about traditions and ‘heritage’ – a past that defines them. They revive long-­forgotten songs and customs, research their family trees and local histories, commemorate graves and battles, set up

in Warrior dreams
Easter 1916 and the advent of post-Catholic Ireland
Matthew Schultz

3 Ancient warriors, modern ­sexualities: Easter 1916 and the advent of post-Catholic Ireland It is not surprising that the political implications of the 1916 Easter uprising against British rule in Ireland heavily overshadow the rebellion’s pressing social elements.1 Overwhelmingly, both nationalist and loyalist histories focus primarily on the struggle for ­independence, deemphasizing the concurrent social pursuits of class equality, gender equality and sexual freedom. At the end of the twentieth century, in the wake of the peace process in Northern Ireland and

in Haunted historiographies
Thomas Wittkamp

style of representation at the courts of King Louis the German and his successors in late ninth-century East Francia. 5 Thus, the mentioned shift towards a history of perceptions should also allow analysis of the Gesta in terms of early medieval militarisation as defined by Edward James in 1997. 6 But did Notker's Gesta really contribute to a distinct warrior-identity and does it really provide evidence of early medieval militarisation in East Francia? To answer

in Early medieval militarisation
Open Access (free)
On James Baldwin and the Many Roles in Revolution
Nicholas Binford

Artists, scholars, and popular media often describe James Baldwin as revolutionary, either for his written work or for his role in the civil rights movement. But what does it mean to be revolutionary? This article contends that thoughtlessly calling James Baldwin revolutionary obscures and erases the non-revolutionary strategies and approaches he employed in his contributions to the civil rights movement and to race relations as a whole. Frequent use of revolutionary as a synonym for “great” or “important” creates an association suggesting that all good things must be revolutionary, and that anything not revolutionary is insufficient, effectively erasing an entire spectrum of social and political engagement from view. Baldwin’s increasing relevance to our contemporary moment suggests that his non-revolutionary tactics are just as important as the revolutionary approaches employed by civil rights leaders such as Malcolm X or Martin Luther King, Jr.

James Baldwin Review