4 West Sussex and the rural south Turmoil in Sussex The Isle of Man was close to the sea-lanes of the British World, but received relatively little direct effect from its industrial and commercial powerhouses. West Sussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new age. Though only fifty miles south of London, nevertheless much of West Sussex, slipped further into rural isolation and poverty in the early nineteenth century. It gained scant benefit from the explosion of economic development to the north. Instead it became an area

in The genesis of international mass migration
The British case, 1750–1900

Very large numbers of people began to depart the British Isles for the New Worlds after about 1770. This was a pioneering movement, a rehearsal for modern international migration. This book contends that emigration history is not seamless, that it contains large shifts over time and place, and that the modern scale and velocity of mobility have very particular historical roots. The Isle of Man is an ideal starting point in the quest for the engines and mechanisms of emigration, and a particular version of the widespread surge in British emigration in the 1820s. West Sussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new age. North America was the earliest and the greatest theatre of oceanic emigration in which the methods of mass migration were pioneered. Landlocked Shropshire experienced some of the earliest phases of British industrialisation, notably in the Ironbridge/Coalbrookdale district, deep inland on the River Severn. The turmoil in the agrarian and demographic foundations of life reached across the British archipelago. In West Cork and North Tipperary, there was clear evidence of the great structural changes that shook the foundations of these rural societies. The book also discusses the sequences and effects of migration in Wales, Swaledale, Cornwall, Kent, London, and Scottish Highlands. It also deals with Ireland's place in the more generic context of the origins of migration from the British Isles. The common historical understanding is that the pre-industrial population of the British Isles had been held back by Malthusian checks.

Chinoiserie and the country house

English interiors from the late seventeenth century onwards, citing examples at Ham House, Surrey, and Petworth, West Sussex. I will then analyse how both the Chinese and the Italo-classical styles were deliberately and meaningfully combined in the interiors of Uppark in West Sussex, Felbrigg Hall in Norfolk and Nostell Priory in West Yorkshire. I will also discuss how the ‘Chinese’ elements in the landscape gardens at Shugborough in Staffordshire, Stourhead in Wiltshire and Kew in Richmond upon Thames happily coexisted with their Greek and Roman counterparts. Finally

in Travel and the British country house

18 Community–University Partnership Programme (CUPP), University of Brighton Felix M. Bivens Context In 2003, the University of Brighton (UoB) received a grant from the Americanbased Atlantic Philanthropies Foundation to create an institutional infrastructure for supporting CBR in Brighton and the surrounding counties of East and West Sussex. UoB is an amalgam of several professional colleges that have long served the Sussex region. Because of its history in training nurses, teachers, electricians and other occupations, UoB has had a strong tradition of

in Knowledge, democracy and action
Forced displacement and onward migration

The Chagos islanders were forcibly uprooted from the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean between 1965 and 1973. This book compares the experiences of displaced Chagos islanders in Mauritius with the experiences of those Chagossians who have moved to the UK since 2002. It provides an ethnographic comparative study of forced displacement and onward migration within the living memory of one community. Based on in-depth ethnographic fieldwork in Mauritius and Crawley (West Sussex), the six chapters explore Chagossians' challenging lives in Mauritius, the mobilisation of the community, reformulations of the homeland, the politics of culture in exile, onward migration to Crawley, and attempts to make a home in successive locations. The book illuminates how displaced people romanticise their homeland through an exploration of changing representations of the Chagos Archipelago in song lyrics. Offering further ethnographic insights into the politics of culture, it shows how Chagossians in exile engage with contrasting conceptions of culture ranging from expectations of continuity and authenticity to enactments of change, loss, and revival.

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The impact of Sturges Bourne’s reforms

 3.1  Parishes with select vestries and assistant overseers in 1832, according to the Rural Queries County Dorset Hampshire Somerset West Sussex Wiltshire Total Number Number of parishes of parishes Select Assistant Both answering vestry overseer in county only only Neither No answer Select vestry only Assistant Both overseer only Neither No answer 14 57 20 32 25 148 6 24 5 13 10 58 8 9 3 11 4 35 0.0 3.5 5.0 0.0 0.0 2.0 0.0 24.6 30.0 21.9 20.0 21.6 42.9 42.1 25.0 40.6 40.0 39.2 57.1 15.8 15.0 34.4 16.0 23.6 0 2 1 0 0 3 0 14 6 7 5 32 0 8 5 1 6 20

in Pauper policies
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Pauper policies

administrative processes. a.indd 6 2/23/2017 10:44:55 AM  7 I n t ro d u c t i o n 7 The geographical focus of the book is the agrarian counties of the south of England, namely Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset and Wiltshire (or Wessex) and the neighbouring area of West Sussex.32 There several reasons leading to this exact region, although the south of England in general has been selected for one main reason: it was the place that the Royal and then the Poor Law Commission hoped the Amendment Act would change the most. As one of the Assistant Poor Law Commissioners reported to

in Pauper policies

marginalisation in Mauritius? This chapter outlines some of the barriers to eligibility for UK citizenship, details Chagossian chain migration to Crawley in West Sussex, and analyses Chagossian experiences of employment and education in Crawley. It then offers ethnographic accounts of marginalisation and belonging to illustrate how Chagossians conceptualised their recent experiences in Crawley rather differently from how they conceptualised their experiences on arrival in Mauritius in the 1960s and 1970s. Uneven eligibility for UK citizenship Chagos islanders in Mauritius were

in Chagos islanders in Mauritius and the UK
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Workhouses for the vulnerable

suffer from the same shortcomings. To start with, the Rural Queries asked the parishes whether they had a workhouse. This reveals a distinctive pattern of institutional relief provision within the region of focus (see Table 2.1). Approximately half of all parishes in West Sussex and Hampshire provided relief within a workhouse. The proportion of parishes that provided relief in a workhouse declines the further west we travel, with 36 per cent and 30 per cent of the parishes in Wiltshire and Somerset respectively providing a workhouse for their parishioners. Dorset

in Pauper policies

responsibility for administering the county pension scheme fell to JPs at the Quarter Sessions. These men adhered to Parliament’s national rule that stipulated who was eligible for relief and how it was to be allocated. In Kent, as in other counties, there are numerous references in the Quarter Sessions’ order books to the JPs trying to better order the process. For example, in April 1648 it was recorded that ‘it is found by experience that the stocke for the said maymed souldiers falleth short and is not sufficient for their present reliefe’.23 Similarly, in West Sussex in

in Battle-scarred