WestSussex and the rural south
Turmoil in Sussex
The Isle of Man was close to the sea-lanes of the British World, but received relatively little direct effect from its industrial and commercial powerhouses. WestSussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new
Though only fifty miles south of London, nevertheless much of WestSussex,
slipped further into rural isolation and poverty in the early nineteenth century.
It gained scant benefit from the explosion of economic development to the
north. Instead it became an area
Very large numbers of people began to depart the British Isles for the New Worlds after about 1770. This was a pioneering movement, a rehearsal for modern international migration. This book contends that emigration history is not seamless, that it contains large shifts over time and place, and that the modern scale and velocity of mobility have very particular historical roots. The Isle of Man is an ideal starting point in the quest for the engines and mechanisms of emigration, and a particular version of the widespread surge in British emigration in the 1820s. West Sussex was much closer to the centres of the expansionary economy in the new age. North America was the earliest and the greatest theatre of oceanic emigration in which the methods of mass migration were pioneered. Landlocked Shropshire experienced some of the earliest phases of British industrialisation, notably in the Ironbridge/Coalbrookdale district, deep inland on the River Severn. The turmoil in the agrarian and demographic foundations of life reached across the British archipelago. In West Cork and North Tipperary, there was clear evidence of the great structural changes that shook the foundations of these rural societies. The book also discusses the sequences and effects of migration in Wales, Swaledale, Cornwall, Kent, London, and Scottish Highlands. It also deals with Ireland's place in the more generic context of the origins of migration from the British Isles. The common historical understanding is that the pre-industrial population of the British Isles had been held back by Malthusian checks.
English interiors from the late seventeenth
century onwards, citing examples at Ham House, Surrey, and Petworth, WestSussex. I will then analyse how both the Chinese and the Italo-classical styles
were deliberately and meaningfully combined in the interiors of Uppark in
WestSussex, Felbrigg Hall in Norfolk and Nostell Priory in West Yorkshire.
I will also discuss how the ‘Chinese’ elements in the landscape gardens at
Shugborough in Staffordshire, Stourhead in Wiltshire and Kew in Richmond
upon Thames happily coexisted with their Greek and Roman counterparts.
Programme (CUPP), University of Brighton
Felix M. Bivens
In 2003, the University of Brighton (UoB) received a grant from the Americanbased Atlantic Philanthropies Foundation to create an institutional infrastructure
for supporting CBR in Brighton and the surrounding counties of East and WestSussex. UoB is an amalgam of several professional colleges that have long served
the Sussex region. Because of its history in training nurses, teachers, electricians
and other occupations, UoB has had a strong tradition of
instead the identification of small nuclear-family-like units.
Figure 1.2 The distribution of cemeteries mentioned in this book:
Abingdon I, Upper Thames
Apple Down, WestSussex
Beckford B, Worcestershire
Bergh Apton, Norfolk
Blacknall Field, Wiltshire
Bloodmoor Hill, Suffolk
The Chagos islanders were forcibly uprooted from the Chagos Archipelago in the Indian Ocean between 1965 and 1973. This book compares the experiences of displaced Chagos islanders in Mauritius with the experiences of those Chagossians who have moved to the UK since 2002. It provides an ethnographic comparative study of forced displacement and onward migration within the living memory of one community. Based on in-depth ethnographic fieldwork in Mauritius and Crawley (West Sussex), the six chapters explore Chagossians' challenging lives in Mauritius, the mobilisation of the community, reformulations of the homeland, the politics of culture in exile, onward migration to Crawley, and attempts to make a home in successive locations. The book illuminates how displaced people romanticise their homeland through an exploration of changing representations of the Chagos Archipelago in song lyrics. Offering further ethnographic insights into the politics of culture, it shows how Chagossians in exile engage with contrasting conceptions of culture ranging from expectations of continuity and authenticity to enactments of change, loss, and revival.
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I n t ro d u c t i o n
The geographical focus of the book is the agrarian counties of
the south of England, namely Dorset, Hampshire, Somerset and
Wiltshire (or Wessex) and the neighbouring area of WestSussex.32
There several reasons leading to this exact region, although the south
of England in general has been selected for one main reason: it was
the place that the Royal and then the Poor Law Commission hoped
the Amendment Act would change the most. As one of the Assistant
Poor Law Commissioners reported to
marginalisation in Mauritius? This chapter outlines some of the
barriers to eligibility for UK citizenship, details Chagossian chain migration to
Crawley in WestSussex, and analyses Chagossian experiences of employment
and education in Crawley. It then offers ethnographic accounts of marginalisation and belonging to illustrate how Chagossians conceptualised their recent
experiences in Crawley rather differently from how they conceptualised their
experiences on arrival in Mauritius in the 1960s and 1970s.
Uneven eligibility for UK citizenship
Chagos islanders in Mauritius were
Representational democracy is at the heart of the UK’s political constitution, and the electoral system is central to achieving it. But is the first-past-the-post system used to elect the UK parliament truly representative? To answer that question requires an understanding of several factors: debates over the nature of representation; the evolution of the current electoral system; how first-past-the-post distorts electoral politics; and how else elections might be conducted. Running through all these debates are issues over the representation not only of people but also of places. The book examines all of these issues and focuses on the effect of geography on the operation of the electoral system.