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American segregationists and international racism after civil rights
Zoe Hyman

illegal state of Rhodesia. 2 Roof was born in 1994 – the year majority rule finally came to South Africa and fourteen years after minority white rule ended in Rhodesia. That a 21-year-old with no personal memory of, or connection to, the era of apartheid would adorn his clothes with flags of these white supremacist states tells us much about the racial right’s long-standing identification with, and nostalgia for, apartheid-era southern Africa. Furthermore, it illustrates the importance of understanding historical and contemporary white supremacy as a transnational

in Global white nationalism
Lynching and racial killing in South Africa and the American South
Author: Ivan Evans

This book deals with the inherent violence of race relations in two important countries that remain iconic expressions of white supremacy in the twentieth century. It does not just reconstruct the era of violence, but contrasts the lynch culture of the American South to the bureaucratic culture of violence in South Africa. By contrasting mobs of rope-wielding white Southerners to the gun-toting policemen and administrators who formally defended white supremacy in South Africa, the book employs racial killing as an optic for examining the distinctive logic of the racial state in the two contexts. Combining the historian's eye for detail with the sociologist's search for overarching claims, it explores the systemic connections amongst three substantive areas to explain why contrasting traditions of racial violence took such firm root in the American South and South Africa.

Author: Ebun Joseph

With race as a central theme, this book presents racial stratification as the underlying system which accounts for the difference in outcomes of Whites and Blacks in the labour market. Critical race theory (CRT) is employed to discuss the operation, research, maintenance and impact of racial stratification. The power of this book is the innovative use of a stratification framework to expose the pervasiveness of racial inequality in the labour market. It teaches readers how to use CRT to investigate the racial hierarchy and it provides a replicable framework to identify the racial order based on insight from the Irish case. There is a four-stage framework in the book which helps readers understand how migrants navigate the labour market from the point of migration to labour participation. The book also highlights minority agency and how migrants respond to their marginality. The examples of how social acceptance can be applied in managing difference in the workplace are an added bonus for those interested in diversity and inclusion. This book is the first of its kind in Ireland and across Europe to present inequality, racism and discrimination in the labour market from a racial stratification perspective. While this book is based on Irish data, the CRT theoretical approach, as well as its insight into migrant perspectives, poses a strong appeal to scholars of sociology, social justice, politics, intercultural communication and economics with interest in race and ethnicity, critical whiteness and migration. It is a timely contribution to CRT which offers scholars a method to conduct empirical study of racial stratification across different countries bypassing the over-reliance on secondary data. It will also appeal to countries and scholars examining causal racism and how it shapes racial inequality.

Open Access (free)
Robert J. Corber

The author reviews Barry Jenkins’s 2018 film adaptation of Baldwin’s novel, If Beale Street Could Talk, finding that Jenkins’s lush, painterly, and dreamlike visual style successfully translates Baldwin’s cadenced prose into cinematic language. But in interpreting the novel as the “perfect fusion” of the anger of Baldwin’s essays and the sensuality of his fiction, Jenkins overlooks the novel’s most significant aspect, its gender politics. Baldwin began working on If Beale Street Could Talk shortly after being interviewed by Black Arts poet Nikki Giovanni for the PBS television show, Soul!. Giovanni’s rejection of Baldwin’s claims that for black men to overcome the injuries of white supremacy they needed to fulfill the breadwinner role prompted him to rethink his understanding of African American manhood and deeply influenced his representation of the novel’s black male characters. The novel aims to disarticulate black masculinity from patriarchy. Jenkins’s misunderstanding of this aspect of the novel surfaces in his treatment of the character of Frank, who in the novel serves as an example of the destructiveness of patriarchal masculinity, and in his rewriting of the novel’s ending.

James Baldwin Review

Global white nationalism is a path-breaking transnational history of white nationalism in the English-speaking world from the post-World War II period to the present. Nine chapters from leading experts in the histories of Australia, Britain, southern Africa, and the United States explore the roots of the contemporary resurgence of white supremacy evident in terrorist violence and electoral gains by the racist right. After 1945, this book shows, white nationalism emerged across the English-speaking world as a response to the forces of decolonization, civil rights, mass migration, and the rise of international institutions such as the United Nations. Far from a disappearing ideology, white supremacy proved resilient and adaptive. As opposition to apartheid rallied anti-racists globally, apartheid and Rhodesian independence sustained white nationalists who fantasized about bygone eras of imperial British or American greatness. In the era of decolonization and civil rights, white nationalists—those on the far right and those closer to the mainstream of conservative politics—formed key connections with counterparts throughout the world. Uncovering this transnational history for the first time, Global white nationalism is essential to understanding white nationalism today.

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Toward a global history of white nationalism
Daniel Geary, Camilla Schofield and Jennifer Sutton

structures of white supremacy remain deeply rooted (though too rarely acknowledged) in the English-speaking world. To understand the politics of racism in the present requires locating and examining the histories of modern white nationalism in global terms: as a response to decolonization, struggles for equal rights, mass migration, and postwar international institutions. This book aims to understand transnational relationships among white nationalists in the context of these major global events. As Western political and social elites professed a commitment to color

in Global white nationalism
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The unmarked marker in racialised hierarchical social systems
Ebun Joseph

include the way race is employed as a means of categorisation to determine access to resources; and whiteness and how it selectively privileges groups. The chapter introduces readers to the everyday performance of white supremacy as the underlying system of white privilege. In this regard, whiteness is counterposed as privilege against whiteness as dominance as the locus of understanding the effect of whiteness and the resulting marginalisation and subjugation of Blacks and non-Whites. The chapter ends by defining some key terms for understanding racial stratification

in Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market
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Alison Phipps

whiteness from within, I am trying to absolve myself of my own. I am worried that I am trying to be one of the ‘good white people’, who perform what feminist scholar Sara Ahmed calls a ‘whiteness that is anxious about itself’ and see that as anti-racist action.3 3 PHIPPS 9781526147172 PRINT.indd 3 14/01/2020 13:18 Me, not you And deep down, that might be the case. Whiteness is wily: white supremacy is so embedded in our psyches that we end up doing it even while we claim (and believe) it is what we oppose. You are entitled – even invited – to make up your own minds

in Me, not you
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Ivan Evans

of 1922, prompting historians to recently abandon the idea that these events amounted to “white men’s conflicts” in which blacks played little or no role.4 Still, however much they were involved in internecine white violence, blacks were neither the primary protagonists nor the targets of the various conflicts that tested the foundations of the emerging state. Moreover, violent upheavals amongst whites alarmed state managers who feared that blacks might capitalize on white disunity and encourage them to challenge white supremacy. The subsidence of these intra

in Cultures of Violence
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Towards a critical race theory of the labour market
Ebun Joseph

who are categorised as Black or are ‘blackened’ by their intersectional stratifiers do not have the same experience in the labour market as their White counterparts. Racial emancipation can, however, only occur when the overarching system of racial inequality is eliminated. This means the elimination of white supremacy from the way society organises its people on a daily basis. It will entail removing Whites and whiteness from the centre and promoting a deracialised way of organising and analysing society – in this case, the labour market. We will need a race

in Critical race theory and inequality in the labour market