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American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–30
Winifred C. Connerton

6 Working towards health, Christianity and democracy: American colonial and missionary nurses in Puerto Rico, 1900–301 Winifred C. Connerton At the turn of the twentieth century American nurses went to Puerto Rico as members of the Army Nurse Corps, as colonial service workers and as Protestant missionaries. Though the nurses went as members of very different organisations they all espoused similar messages about America, Christianity and trained nursing. This chapter explores the overlapping messages of Protestant missionaries and of the United States (US

in Colonial caring
A study of longitudinal documentary

This book is a study of documentary series such as Michael Apted's world-famous Seven Up films that set out to trace the life-journeys of individuals from their earliest schooldays till they are fully grown adults. In addition to Seven Up, the book provides extended accounts of the two other best known longitudinal series to have been produced in the last three or four decades. It includes Winifred and Barbara Junge's The Children of Golzow and Swedish director Rainer Hartleb's The Children of Jordbro. The book first examines some of the principal generic features of long docs and considers the highly significant role that particular institutions have had on their production, promotion and dissemination. It then explores a study of how the individual works originated, with a special emphasis on the nurturing role of particular institutions. The book also explores the affinities that long docs have with soap opera texts, which have similar aspirations to neverendingness. Both long docs and soaps rely on an episodic mode of delivery and both seek to persuade their audience that they are attempting to chronicle real-time developments. Finally, the book explores the variety of ways in which long doc filmmakers contrive to bring their work to a satisfactory conclusion.

Open Access (free)
Winifred Dolan beyond the West End
Lucie Sutherland

3 Past the memoir Winifred Dolan beyond the West End Lucie Sutherland As an actress, producer and teacher, Winifred Dolan (1867–1958) had a long and varied working life. Leaving professional theatre in 1904, Dolan later called her time as an actress ‘years of rich experience and testing endeavour’.1 These words appear in her memoir, A Chronicle of Small Beer, written in 1949 for private circulation within the school where Dolan had been employed as a drama teacher and amateur theatre producer for almost three decades. Here an initial career in professional

in Stage women, 1900–50
Abstract only
Case studies of five Irish women medical graduates
Laura Kelly

women medical practitioners from the 1890s to the 1940s and beyond. The first case study is of Emily Winifred Dickson (RCSI, 1891), who was an Irish pioneer woman doctor. There is a rich supply of material available on Dickson, ranging from family papers, including a short autobiographical memoir about her career and life, accounts written by family members and personal papers, to the many newspaper reports relating to her early career, and obituaries. Dickson is the woman for whom we have the fullest picture. The second case study is Emma Martha Crooks (QCB, 1899

in Irish women in medicine, c.1880s–1920s
Emma Liggins

man’s daughter to ‘issue from the shadow of the private house’ onto ‘the bridge which lies between the old world and the new’.1 No longer home-bound and repressed like the passive home daughters of the 1910s and 1920s, spinster heroines in Winifred Holtby’s Poor Caroline and South Riding and Virginia Woolf ’s late and often ignored novel The Years are professionalised and to a certain extent politically active. The privileging of professional over sexual identities, however, sits uneasily with feminist discussions of sexuality, such as Holtby’s exposure in Women and

in Odd women?
Sophie Vasset

, and for good reason, since Roman Catholics were known to entertain a specific relationship with thaumaturgic waters. Holy wells and miracle springs had been forbidden or destroyed during the Reformation, yet some survived or re-emerged in the form of spas, from Restoration to Regency. Dealing with this murky past could create political controversies, as was the case for St Winifred's Well in Wales. And yet, medical writings and travel literature reveal subtler forms of negotiations and re-appropriations within the Protestant medical cultures of the eighteenth

in Murky waters
Reconfiguring spinsterhood and the Victorian family in inter- war women’s writing
Emma Liggins

voice’ between 1910 and 1940, considering political and auto/​biographical writing by Virginia Woolf, May Sinclair and Vera Brittain, before focusing on the new spinster heroines of modernist novels such as Sinclair’s The Three Sisters (1914) and Winifred Holtby’s The Crowded Street (1926). While Woolf ’s feminist polemic A Room of One’s Own (1929) and Brittain’s autobiography about her experiences as a nurse in the First World War, Testament of Youth (1933), are still well known, the novels of Sinclair and Holtby may be less familiar to modern readers. These prolific

in Charlotte Brontë
White women, race and imperial politics in inter-war Britain
Barbara Bush

addresses the African context that defined the issues around which activism developed. The second section examines women who were more directly involved in left-wing or liberal pressure group activities in Britain, highlighting individuals such as Nancy Cunard, Winifred Holtby and Sylvia Pankhurst. This is followed by an evaluation of relationships between white women and black men in progressing

in Gender and imperialism
The shadow of empire in devolutionary politics
Jimmi Østergaard Nielsen
Stuart Ward

of the debate with remarkable consistency and durability. This chapter examines four seminal moments in the evolution of this ambit claim: the three devolutionary referenda of 1979, 1997 and 2014, and the Hamilton by-election of November 1967, when Winifred Ewing achieved a breakthrough victory to secure the first SNP seat in the House of Commons. 2 At

in Scotland, empire and decolonisation in the twentieth century
Sarah Lonsdale

Winifred Holtby and Vera Brittain, the most famous example of mutually beneficial literary female friendship of the interwar years. 15 Friendship and the single woman Vera Brittain and Winifred Holtby’s friendship, combined with their talent, was a key element of their success as writers. During the early 1920s they shared the cost of London ‘digs’: they avoided the cleaning together, huddled round the feeble gas stove for warmth, worked over each other’s manuscripts and swapped introductions with publishers and editors. 16 Despite the drawbacks of the chilly and

in Rebel women between the wars