The question of land in Ireland has long been at the heart of political, social and cultural debates. In eleven essays a group of authors including some of the most influential historians and social scientists of modern Ireland, and up-and-coming scholars, explore Ireland's land questions in the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book is divided into three sections, the first of which presents the current state of our understanding of the issue of land in Ireland in two survey essays that cover the nineteenth and twentieth centuries. The book's second section presents a series of reflections in which historians and social scientists look back on how they have approached the topic of land in Ireland in their earlier writings. A third section presents some innovative new research on various aspects of the Irish land question.

Abstract only
Jennifer Ward

This chapter contains a selection of translated and annotated texts on women and land. The crucial importance of land as the source of wealth for noble and gentry society has been underlined in the discussion of both marriage and the family. As far as women's landholding is concerned, the significance of land is emphasised by the sheer amount of surviving evidence, although the nature of the sources varies over time. Women as landholders are found in the Domesday Survey, although the picture of women's estates and interests is by no means complete. In addition to the types of landholding, a woman with access to royal patronage might well secure additional grants, whether of lands, wardships or annuities. Women with substantial estates are found throughout the Middle Ages. A woman's estates comprised her maritagium and later her jointure, both secured at marriage, her dower, and, for some women, her inheritance, and all these had implications for her family.

in Women of the English Nobility and Gentry, 1066-1500
Institutionalized gesture politics?
Joy C. Kwesiga

restructured Ministry. For example, the Uganda Media Women’s Association produced a special issue of its monthly newspaper, The Other Voice, on the topic in 1998. Several letters have appeared in the two main national daily newspapers (The Monitor and The New Vision). Similarly, voices have been raised about the omission of an Article on women and land ownership in the Land Act enacted by Parliament in July 1998. The visibility of the national machinery has stimulated interest in gender inequality and in some cases this has led to action. The overall achievement of the

in Mainstreaming gender, democratizing the state?
The politics of marriage in late Mulholland
James H. Murphy

economic positions, in her attempts to win happiness with Joe. For all its exuberance then, Norah of Waterford shares the pessimistic prognosis of The Return of Mary O’Murrough concerning the position of women (and indeed of men) in rural Irish society. Each gestures towards the downward trajectory of what had once been Mulholland’s progressive optimism concerning women and land in Ireland. Notes 1 James H.  Murphy, Catholic Fiction and Social Reality in Ireland, 1873–1922 (Westport, Conn.: Greenwood, 1997), pp. 69–71; John Wilson Foster, Irish Novels, 1890–1940: New

in Irish women’s writing, 1878–1922
Women’s experiences of cocoa farming
Emma Robertson

Phillips Lewis, ‘Women in the Trinidadian cocoa industry’, 35–8. 34 Mrs. S. D., personal interview, Trinidad, 27 November 1997. Quoted in Shaheeda Hosein, ‘ A space of their own: Indian women and land ownership in Trinidad 1870–1945 ’, Caribbean Review of Gender Studies , 1 (April 2007 ), 9

in Chocolate, women and empire