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British Army sisters and soldiers in the Second World War

Negotiating nursing explores how the Queen Alexandra's Imperial Military Nursing Service (Q.A.s) salvaged men within the sensitive gender negotiations of what should and could constitute nursing work and where that work could occur. The book argues that the Q.A.s, an entirely female force during the Second World War, were essential to recovering men physically, emotionally and spiritually from the battlefield and for the war, despite concerns about their presence on the frontline. The book maps the developments in nurses’ work as the Q.A.s created a legitimate space for themselves in war zones and established nurses’ position as the expert at the bedside. Using a range of personal testimony the book demonstrates how the exigencies of war demanded nurses alter the methods of nursing practice and the professional boundaries in which they had traditionally worked, in order to care for their soldier-patients in the challenging environments of a war zone. Although they may have transformed practice, their position in war was highly gendered and it was gender in the post-war era that prevented their considerable skills from being transferred to the new welfare state, as the women of Britain were returned to the home and hearth. The aftermath of war may therefore have augured professional disappointment for some nursing sisters, yet their contribution to nursing knowledge and practice was, and remains, significant.

Dispelling Misconceptions about Sexual Violence against Men and Boys in Conflict and Displacement
Heleen Touquet
Sarah Chynoweth
Sarah Martin
Chen Reis
Henri Myrttinen
Philipp Schulz
Lewis Turner
, and
David Duriesmith

advocate for women’s spaces to be open to and welcoming of all women (including trans women), claiming that women-only spaces are ‘discriminatory’ ignores the patriarchal structures that necessitate these spaces’ existence. The needs of men and boys, and people of all genders and sexualities, can be addressed without minimising the space and attention necessary to safely address the needs of women and girls in inclusive ways. Conclusion In

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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The private sphere does not define privacy
Kieron O’Hara

Social interaction has been divided by commentators into three areas: the legitimate arena for state interference, the public sphere, where private citizens interact on an equal basis to influence and form a public opinion, and a private sphere, where individuals and families conduct their own affairs without interference from outsiders, a refuge from the artificiality and complexity of public life. While the state’s role is partly defined by law, the distinction between the public and private sphere is norm-based. These spheres have often been gendered, with the private sphere seen as a women’s space and the public sphere reserved for men. Some, such as Stanley Benn, have seen these sphere-defining norms as helping define privacy itself. However, as Nissenbaum and Habermas have argued, the norms are rarely straightforward binaries. The interests of property, for instance, can be seen as hybrid between the two. The private sphere has been defined: as whatever is not public; as the non-governmental sphere; in terms of the information passed between its occupants; in terms of enumerated lists of activities; in terms of the household. However, none of these is satisfactory, and the pressures on the private sphere are growing. Even arguments within liberalism threaten to open up the household to public scrutiny. Meanwhile, one can lack privacy in a private space, or have it ‘in public’. The chapter argues that it is simpler to accept that privacy breaches happen in all spheres, even while certain areas of life are treated as ‘private’ by social norms.

in The seven veils of privacy
Alison Phipps

emerging Christian fundamentalist right, coincided with the AIDS crisis and was underpinned by concerns about protecting the heterosexual nuclear family from a number of threats (including women’s employment).23 The idea of ‘stranger danger’ at the heart of this panic is also at the heart of contemporary fears about trans women in women’s space. And in trans-exclusionary politics, dystopian fantasies reach their peak. In January 2019, at the joint panel with the Heritage Foundation, Women’s Liberation Front board member Kara Dansky claimed that if the US Equality Act was

in Me, not you
Space, memory, and material devotion
Susannah Crowder

and Performance: An Art Historian at the Crossroads’, ROMARD, 51 (2012), 51–9, Stevenson, Performance, Cognitive Theory. Attention to objects in performance emerges from trends in New Materialism and scholars such as Bill Brown, Graham Harman, Jane Bennett, and Bruno Latour. For example, R. L. A. Clark, ‘Constructing the Female Subject in Late Medieval Devotion’, in K. M. Ashley and R. L. A. Clark (eds), Medieval Conduct (Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2001), pp. 160–82. Raguin and Stanbury (eds), Women’s Space, p. 9 (see p. 10 for the ‘gendered

in Performing women
Open Access (free)
Katie Pickles

, and concentrate more on the lived experience of all those involved in colonial life, to analyse domestic and women’s spaces and see beyond the “heroic” adventures of male travellers’. 45 Travel should not be viewed as separate from the ‘everyday’. Indeed, historically, immigration accounts for the greatest volume of travellers. The IODE and other patriotic organizations were well aware of the

in Female imperialism and national identity
Alison Phipps

trans women as potential rapists who want to invade ‘women’s space’. In 2018 UKIP appointed far-right anti-Islam ideologue ‘Tommy Robinson’ (real name Stephen YaxleyLennon) as its advisor on ‘grooming gangs’. A year later, Yaxley-Lennon was found in contempt of court for live-streaming film of defendants accused of sexually exploiting girls, in breach of a reporting ban and in interference with the course of justice. As the judgment was made, his supporters clashed with police and journalists outside the Old Bailey and chanted ‘shame on you’.28 This concern with white

in Me, not you
Thinking beyond binaries
Valerie Bryson

simply using the toilet and washing her hands. In working towards solutions that meet the needs of both cis and trans women, we should also remember that some cis women whose appearance does not conform to conventional expectations of what a woman looks like may face difficulties; in particular, the attention that is being given to trans women seems to have produced an increase in hostile ‘policing’ that extends to questioning their right to use women’s spaces. Non-binary people face particular problems, and some report being turned away from both male and female

in The futures of feminism
Tina O’Toole

through the door would be a public statement’ [ … ] it was sobering to discover that most of the lesbian women we knew were leading double lives. At home, at work, and even within the Women’s Movement, they were open about their feminism, but they disguised their sexual identity. Our compromise solution was to call the weekend a ‘Women’s Conference on Lesbianism’. This meant that women of every sexual persuasion were free to attend. (Crone, 1995: 64) In other words, defining a space or event as a ‘women’s space’ – such as the ‘Women’s Place’ in Cork, the Galway Women

in Mobilising classics
Open Access (free)
Postcolonial women writers in a transnational frame
Elleke Boehmer

the conventional national allegory, their practice can even so be compared on the grounds of their shared concern to rework the national space from their own particular political perspectives as women. Gillian Rose’s still invaluable theory of women’s space sheds further light on this idea of shifting and multiply located identity. The emphasis in her work on constellated locales and on diversified space as resistant to homogeneous, ‘masculine’ space, importantly nuances transnationalism’s possible association with the system of global capitalism.16 In particular

in Stories of women