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Diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems
Iain Campbell

6 Working-time flexibility: diversification and fragmented time systems Working-time flexibility: diversification and the rise of fragmented time systems Iain Campbell Despite a lack of consensus concerning its meaning and measurement, labour market flexibility has been central to employment research and policy for at least three decades. Much of the impetus for its persistence comes from the stubborn push by neoliberal policy-makers, under the banner of flexibility, for deeper market liberalisation and the elimination of labour market rigidities. Even after

in Making work more equal
Paul Copeland

4 The negotiation of the revision of the Working Time Directive This second of the three case study chapters analyses the negotiations on the revision of the Working Time Directive (WTD). How much people work is an important and contested aspect of economic life. By some normative standards, working fewer hours is an important measure of the ‘good life’, to be weighed against growth, employment, and other measures of economic wellbeing (Burgoon and Baxandall, 2004: 439–440). In 1993 the WTD was introduced to regulate and harmonise working time across the EU. It

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension
Open Access (free)
A new labour market segmentation approach

This book presents new theories and international empirical evidence on the state of work and employment around the world. Changes in production systems, economic conditions and regulatory conditions are posing new questions about the growing use by employers of precarious forms of work, the contradictory approaches of governments towards employment and social policy, and the ability of trade unions to improve the distribution of decent employment conditions. Designed as a tribute to the highly influential contributions of Jill Rubery, the book proposes a ‘new labour market segmentation approach’ for the investigation of issues of job quality, employment inequalities, and precarious work. This approach is distinctive in seeking to place the changing international patterns and experiences of labour market inequalities in the wider context of shifting gender relations, regulatory regimes and production structures.

Australia, France and Sweden compared
Dominique Anxo
Marian Baird
, and
Christine Erhel

work across the life course and we focus on parental leave and childcare as indicative of the care regime. The chapter draws on the theoretical framework developed by Rubery and colleagues (1999, 2001) and Rubery (2002). This theoretical tradition emphasises that the gender division of labour between employment and unpaid care and domestic work is structured by the articulation of family policies and the organisation of employment and working time, as well as other elements of the welfare state regime such as the taxation system. This approach has drawn attention to

in Making work more equal
Open Access (free)
Agnes Arnold-Forster

, and an increase in ‘patient-centred’ medicine have all emerged to jeopardise surgery’s traditional self-image. How has the surgical stereotype responded to the reshaping of working time and its meanings in the managed healthcare bureaucracies of late twentieth-century Britain? How have so-called ‘neoliberal’ notions of clinical labour interacted with older visions of surgical vocation? And how does

in Cold, hard steel

At the heart of the European integration process is the political economy debate over whether the EU should be a market-making project, or if it should combine this with integration in employment and social policy. What has been the impact of the 2004 and 2007 rounds of enlargement upon the political economy of European integration? EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension analyses the impact of the 2004 and 2007 enlargements upon the politics of European integration within EU employment and social policy. This book analyses the main policy negotiations in the field and analyses the political positions and contributions of the Central and Eastern European Member States. Through an analyses of the negotiations of the Services Directive, the revision of the Working Time Directive and the Europe 2020 poverty target, the book argues that the addition of the Central and Eastern European states has strengthened liberal forces at the EU level and undermined integration with EU employment and social policy.

Iver B. Neumann

Extant literature on diplomacy is thoroughly text-oriented. While texts are obviously very central indeed to diplomacy, diplomacy precedes literacy as a phenomenon, and diplomats still spend large chunks of their working time on planning for and executing what we may call visual work. Beginning with a discussion of how the visual emerged in diplomacy, Chapter 4 goes on to lay down the groundwork for the study of visual diplomacy in three ways. First, it establishes diplomacy’s visual modalities – that is, how seeing is constitutive of this particular social institution relative to other social institutions. Secondly, it draws attention to the importance of the diplomatic practices that make the visual visible – that is, how diplomats spread images to wider audiences. Thirdly and in conclusion, it draws up a taxonomy of three visual strategies used for this purpose – a hegemonic and Western strategy, a national strategy, and a strategy that is spiteful of Western hegemony. The power differentials involved between these strategies make visual diplomacy constitutive of the lingering Western hegemony in international relations at large.

in Diplomatic tenses
The restructuring of work in Germany
Louise Amoore

insider, high-cost, high-skill manufacturing man, and outsider, low-cost, semi-skilled ‘servicing’ woman will be further intensified. Working time and ‘non-standard’ employment In a neo-liberal reading of flexibilised working time the emphasis is placed on the room for manoeuvre that an employer has to adjust working time within the firm, and to access a pool of contingent labour to stretch the temporal possibilities. For governmental programmes of restructuring this implies that the best practice is the deregulation of working time and employment Amoore_Global_05_Ch4

in Globalisation contested
The restructuring of work in Britain
Louise Amoore

functions (Anderson, 2000). Inside the claim that competitiveness can be achieved via rapid response and adaptive functions, there are tensions and questions that will continue to resurface in the restructuring debate. Working time and ‘non-standard’ employment The debate surrounding the reorganisation of working time reveals a great deal about the negotiated and contested nature of social change in the sphere of work. For many commentators, the ‘speeding’ up of social change and the temporal rhythms of everyday life have transformed working practices beyond all

in Globalisation contested
Abstract only
Paul Copeland

revision of the Working Time Directive and the Europe 2020 poverty target. The case studies reveal that, with few exceptions, the CEE states have consistently joined the liberal coalition during the negotiations. EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension argues that the alignment of the CEE states with the liberal coalition has strengthened its position during policy negotiations. The effect has been to make agreements increasingly difficult, and, it is argued, makes unlikely future substantive progress and developments within EU

in EU enlargement, the clash of capitalisms and the European social dimension