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The origins of the strike
Jim Phillips

2 Closures and workplace conflict: the origins of the strike The deep roots of the 1984–85 strike were located in the long process of industrial and social restructuring that was examined in the previous chapter. The pressures on Scottish miners arising from this, with increased managerial control in pursuit of cheaper production, intensified further in the early 1980s, and resulted in a sequence of pit-level disputes. These were the more immediate origins of the 1984–85 strike. Miners facing pit closures, and troubled by managerial incursions on established

in Collieries, communities and the miners’ strike in Scotland, 1984–85
Karolina J. Dudek

4 Too much happens in the workplace Karolina J. Dudek In his fascinating book Cubed: A secret history of the workplace (2014), Nikil Saval described how workplaces have changed since the beginning of the twentieth century. With the rise of the clerks’ tribe, they have in fact changed a great deal. As one of the characters in the US film Office space (1999) expressed it: ‘Human beings were not meant to sit in little cubicles staring at computer screens all day’ (quoted in Saval, 2014: 3). And yet they do. Juriaan van Meel (2000: 25–53) has provided a comparison

in Overwhelmed by overflows?
Author: Jonathan Moss

This book draws on original research into women’s workplace protest to deliver a new account of working-class women’s political identity and participation in post-war England. In doing so, the book contributes a fresh understanding of the relationship between feminism, workplace activism and trade unionism during the years 1968–85. The study covers a period that has been identified with the ‘zenith’ of trade union militancy. The women’s liberation movement (WLM) also emerged in this period, which produced a shift in public debates about gender roles and relations in the home and the workplace. Industrial disputes involving working-class women have been commonly understood as evidence of women’s growing participation in the labour movement, and as evidence of the influence of second-wave feminism on working-class women’s political consciousness. However, the voices and experiences of female workers who engaged in workplace protest remain largely unexplored. The book addresses this space through detailed analysis of four industrial disputes that were instigated by working-class women. It shows that labour force participation was often experienced or viewed as a claim to political citizenship in late modern England. A combination of oral history and written sources is used to illuminate how everyday experiences of gender and class antagonism shaped working-class women’s political identity and participation.

Jonathan Moss

1 Contextualising women’s workplace activism in post-war England T he growth of women’s employment was one of the most significant social and economic changes in post-war England. But what were the implications of these changes for working-class women’s political identities and sense of self? This chapter provides an overview of how women’s growing presence in the workforce was understood by contemporaries. It demonstrates that female workers, trade unions, social scientists and WLM activists were increasingly drawing public attention to the poor conditions and

in Women, workplace protest and political identity in England, 1968-85
Jack Saunders

4 Remaking workplace trade unionism, 1968–75 In 1968, Birmingham-born Colin Fitzer came to work at Rover in Solihull. In his previous job, he’d been dismissed from a small cabinet-making firm for arguing with the owner over a wage deduction for absenteeism. The world he would find at Rover would be very different. There the factory was a closed shop, union membership was mandatory, steward representation and well-attended workgroup meetings were normal, and it was rare to be sacked just for arguing with the boss. Moving from a small firm with a weak union, he

in Assembling cultures
Combating discrimination against immigrant workers
Ricard Zapata-Barrero

4 Multiple diversity in the labour market and in the workplace: combating discrimination against immigrant workers Introduction Immigrants’ participation in the labour market is a fairly recent phen­ omenon in Spain. The number of immigrant workers increased from less than 200,000 in 1996 to more than 3,000,000 in 2007 (Ministerio de Trabajo y Asuntos Sociales; MTAS, 2007a). Immigrants are typically employed in areas with a high need for labour, such as construction, agriculture, the hotel business, house keeping and care for the elderly. Immigration is mainly

in Diversity management in Spain
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

way, his resignation was cast not as the admission of bad behaviour but as a further humanitarian act. An independent review uncovered an unhealthy workplace culture in the SCUK offices – there was a pronounced gender pay gap, 17 per cent of women reported harassment, 26 per cent of women reported discrimination; there were also a number of reports of gender harassment and unwanted sexual attention in the workplace ( Save the Children, 2018 ). In 2018, there had been

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Gender Equality and Culture in Humanitarian Action
Ricardo Fal-Dutra Santos

Press ), pp. 265 – 75 . Mizzi , R. C. ( 2013 ), ‘ “There Aren’t Any Gays Here”: Encountering Heteroprofessionalism in an International Development Workplace ’, Journal of Homosexuality , 60 : 11 , 1602 – 24 . Mohanty , C. T. ( 1991 ), ‘ Introduction

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Megan Daigle, Sarah Martin, and Henri Myrttinen

attack – both squarely within the model of ‘stranger danger’. However, research on workplace sexual assault in the United States identifies working in isolated contexts, temporary work status, male-dominated jobs and settings with significant power differentials – all relevant to humanitarian work – as conducive to harassment and assault (see Humanitarian Outcomes, 2019b : 17n12). Women aid workers especially face more quotidian forms of harassment and abuse, such as cat

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Catherine Akurut

endeavours that focus on ‘identifying the various patterns and mechanisms’ of exclusion of women within a workplace during early struggles for equality. However, the goal of gender-inclusion ‘transcends mere equality’ ( Maryville University, 2020 ) and should ensure that ‘all services, opportunities, and establishments are open to all people and that male and female stereotypes do not define societal roles and expectations’. The criteria for the implementation of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs