Liverpool occupies a prominent position in the contemporary popular imagination. In spite of decades of economic decline, urban decay and a name associated by some with poverty and crime, the city's reputation is by no means a negative one. The book is a collection of essays that focuses on the strength of Liverpool's merchant marine, representing both informal and formal empire over centuries. It discusses the interracial relationships in 1950s and 1960s Liverpool to demonstrate that many African and Afro-Caribbean sailors (and others) married or had relationships with white women. Given existing deficiencies in the historiographies of both Liverpool and the British Empire, the book aims to reassess both Liverpool's role within the British imperial system and the impact on the port city of its colonial connections. Liverpool's success has often been attributed to, and marred by, its being the leader in the slave trade after 1750. Napoleonic Wars were a period of great turbulence and difficulty for the Liverpool commercial community. Liverpool is perceived as a diasporic city, however, its ambiguous nineteenth-century identity reflected the tensions of its complex migrant connections. An analysis of Liverpool's business connections with South America reveals its relative commercial decline and the notion of 'gentlemanly capitalism'. The African ethnology collection of National Museums Liverpool's (NML) ethnology collections are displayed in the 'World Cultures' gallery of the World Museum Liverpool, which opened in 2005. Liverpool is perhaps not exceptional, though its networks are notable and striking.
Carlsberg Glyptotek, Copenhagen, AE IN
Antikenmuseum Basel und Sammlung Ludwig,
Basel, BSAe 1030
Fitzwilliam Museum, Cambridge, E 63.1903
John Paul Getty Museum, Malibu, 91.AP.6
Table 26.3 Roman Period mummies without Red Shrouds
Location, accession no.
Birmingham Museum and Art Gallery, 1894A15
Manchester Museum, MM 1768
WorldMuseum, Liverpool, 18.104.22.168
WorldMuseum, Liverpool, M13997a
WorldMuseum, Liverpool, M14048
Naturhistorisches Museum, Altdorf
African objects, West African trade and a Liverpool museum
Zachary Kingdon and Dmitri van den Bersselaar
Museums Liverpool (NML) to shed light on this uneasy
relationship between museums and the history of British imperialism.
NML’s ethnology collections are displayed in the ‘World
Cultures’ gallery of the WorldMuseumLiverpool, which opened in
2005. The World Museum is the latest rebranding of a Liverpool
institution first established in 1853, which has been collecting
ethnographic objects alongside
Sheffield and Leeds. And its collections are multi-disciplinary, like WorldMuseumLiverpool, the Horniman and the original elucidation of the British Museum.
Methodological light shone through the prism of the Manchester Museum will
illuminate other collections.
Museums and disciplines
I return to this multi-disciplinarity throughout this book. My title, Nature and
Culture, reflects the central theme – how nature and culture are constructed,
Introduction: museum historiographies
reinforced and differentiated with objects in museums.8 This is
Sheryllynne Haggerty, Anthony Webster and Nicholas J. White
development of British popular culture and music. Such attitudes appear
to have diffused into both academic and official cultural
interpretations of Liverpool’s past. It is interesting to note,
for example, that neither the MMM nor the revamped WorldMuseumLiverpool affords a discrete place for exhibitions specifically
addressing Liverpool’s role as an imperial city. Themes such as
migration, slavery, ethnic
~pineking/RS/MAINLIST.htm, accessed 8 January 2008.
See Fan (2004: 68, 74, 77–8) and Coates (1988: 98). See also the ‘Darwin Cor
respondence Project’, www.darwinproject.ac.uk, accessed 8 April 2017.
Henry Dresser (HED hereafter) wrote in his ‘Egg Catalogue’: ‘[Robert] Swinhoe
was a very unreliable egg collector, and not like his brother Charles’, Manchester
Museum (MM hereafter), ZDH/11/2, p. 10.
Including, for example, Henry Tristram’s collection in WorldMuseumLiverpool.
The account on Blakiston is based on Cortazzi (1999). The name is pronounced