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ESPN and the Un-Americanisation of Global Football
Jon Lewis

This article examines the cultural politics of American soccer fandom, with specific attention paid to the ways in which the sport is positioned and platformed by the major sports networks, including, especially, cable televisions biggest player in the United States, ESPN. The networks‘ failure to exploit soccer as a marketable commodity can be traced to a persistent American futility at the sport on the international level, but it evinces as well a larger American cultural problematic, one in which ethnocentrism and isolationism is disguised, as it often is, as American exceptionalism.

Film Studies
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Games within games
Editor: J. Simon Rofe

The purpose of this book is to critically enhance the appreciation of diplomacy and sport in global affairs from the perspective of practitioners and scholars. The book will make an important new contribution to at least two distinct fields: diplomacy and sport, as well as to those concerned with history, politics, sociology and international relations. The critical analysis the book provides explores the linkages across these fields, particularly in relation to soft power and public diplomacy, and is supported by a wide range of sources and methodologies. The book draws in a range of scholars across these different fields, and includes esteemed FIFA scholar Professor Alan Tomlinson. Tomlinson addresses diplomacy within the world’s global game of Association Football, while other subjects include the rise of mega-sport events as sites of diplomacy, new consideration of Chinese ping-pong diplomacy prior to the 1970s and the importance of boycotts in sport – particularly in relation to newly explored dimensions of the boycotts of the 1980 and 1984 Olympic Games. The place of non-state actors is explored throughout: be they individual or institutions they perform a crucial role as conduits of the transactions of sport and diplomacy. Based on twentieth- and twenty-first-century evidence, the book acknowledges antecedents from the ancient Olympics to the contemporary era, and in its conclusions offers avenues for further study based on the future sport and diplomacy relationship. The book has a strong international basis because it covers a broad range of countries, their diplomatic relationship with sport and is written by a truly transnational cast of authors. The intense media scrutiny of the Olympic Games, FIFA World Cup and other international sports will also contribute to the global interest in this volume.

A case study of South Africa’s hosting of the 2010 FIFA Football World Cup
Suzanne Dowse

70 Concepts and history 4 Mega sports events as political tools: a case study of South Africa’s hosting of the 2010 FIFA Football World Cup Suzanne Dowse Although predominantly justified in economic terms,1 mega sport events (MSEs) are widely perceived as political opportunities in relation to urban regeneration,2 public diplomacy and soft power accrual.3 However, while these ambitions are well recognised, the frequent recurrence of a disconnect or ‘disjoint’ between projected costs and benefits has resulted in a growing number of cities, including Oslo

in Sport and diplomacy
Arthur Aughey

2981 The politics 23/1/07 10:01 Page 203 11 Put out even more flags Academics spend a lot of their time worrying professionally about the identity of others and this book has worried at length about the English and their Englishness. It was the shock of experiencing the ubiquitous display of the Cross of St George on a visit to the NorthWest of England in the early summer of World Cup 2002 that provoked the interest in addressing the subject. The shock was a mix of the familiar and the unexpected. The public display of flags is familiar to anyone from

in The politics of Englishness
Economy, football and Istria
Alex J. Bellamy

Blue Boys’ (the self-designated name for Dinamo Zagreb supporters) were precisely the national constituency to which Tuœman first appealed in 1990. Furthermore, the Bad Blue Boys had eagerly volunteered to join the new Croatian Army (HV) at the start of the war. When the Croatian national team achieved third place in the 1998 football World Cup in France, Franjo Tuœman opined that ‘football victories shape a nation’s identity as much as wars’.61 One of the important products of Croatia’s independence from Yugoslavia was thus its ability to field a national team in

in The formation of Croatian national identity
Robert W. Lewis

stadium was being re-​evaluated beyond French frontiers, while television money and security concerns about the emergent problem of hooliganism transformed sport everywhere in the 1980s. Stadia, too, became globally valuable as urban spaces in similar ways, as urban icons and landmarks, as the necessary kinds of facilities to host what Maurice Roche has called ‘mega-​events’ like the football World Cup and the Olympic Games and as venues that offer particular potential for urban reconstruction in post-​ industrial societies.14 173 Postwar modernisation and the stadium

in The stadium century
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Stephanie Dennison and Lisa Shaw

Introduction The 1950s were ushered in with the official opening of the Maracanà football stadium in Rio, where the Brazilian squad was to lose the final of the World Cup to Uruguay in 1950. In spite of this body blow to national pride, the 1950s are remembered as a period of optimism based on economic expansion. Getúlio Vargas, who returned to the presidency by democratic vote in 1950, continued to

in Popular cinema in Brazil, 1930–2001
Hope, crisis, and pragmatism in democratic transition
Author: Amy Levine

How does civil society come together and disperse inside a rapidly industrialised and democratised nation? South Korean civil movement organisations is an ethnographic study of the social movements and advocacy organisations inside South Korea as well as practical methods in democratic transition more generally. The book is based on two years of fieldwork inside a handful of NGOs, NPOs, and think tanks in Seoul as the ‘386 generation’ came to lead during the Roh Moo Hyun presidency (2003-8). It is a rich exploration of the many crises, hopes, practical projects and pragmatic theories that animated South Korean activists, coordinators, lawyers, politicians, ‘social designers’ and academics of various stripes. From the Citizens’ Alliance for the 2000 General Elections (CAGE) to the 2002 World Cup co-hosted by Japan and South Korea, this book tells the stories of consequence to freshly render South Korean politics relevant to many Asian, European, Middle Eastern, and North as well as South American contexts. At the same time, it uniquely frames the theoretical and methodological moments for new ethnographies through the shared, yet disparate experiences of pragmatism, (social) design, and (democratic) transition.

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Sport, spectatorship and mass society in modern France
Author: Robert W. Lewis

The stadium century traces the history of stadia and mass spectatorship in modern France from the vélodromes of the late nineteenth century to the construction of the Stade de France before the 1998 soccer World Cup, and argues that stadia played a privileged role in shaping mass society in twentieth-century France. Drawing off a wide range of archival and published sources, Robert W. Lewis links the histories of French urbanism, mass politics and sport through the history of the stadium in an innovative and original work that will appeal to historians, students of French history and the history of sport, and general readers alike. As The stadium century demonstrates, the stadium was at the centre of long-running debates about public health, national prestige and urban development in twentieth-century France. The stadium also functioned as a key space for mobilizing and transforming the urban crowd, in the twin contexts of mass politics and mass spectator sport. In the process, the stadium became a site for confronting tensions over political allegiance, class, gender, and place-based identity, and for forging particular kinds of cultural practices related to mass consumption and leisure. As stadia and the narratives surrounding them changed dramatically in the years after 1945, the transformed French stadium not only reflected and constituted part of the process of postwar modernisation, but also was increasingly implicated in global transformations to the spaces and practices of sport that connected France even more closely to the rest of the world.

Richard Lapper

Chapter 5 explores the demonstrations of June 2013 and their aftermath. In the run-up to the Confederations Cup of 2013 – the football competition that serves as a dry run for the World Cup – frustrations combined with growing disquiet about levels of public spending, culminating in an explosion of discontent. The government misjudged the national mood and its popularity fell precipitously. With the Workers’ Party government on the ropes, the sensational Lava Jato corruption investigations delivered a knockout blow. Lava Jato represented a political earthquake in Brazil. It exposed the entire political and economic establishment to unprecedented scrutiny, although the Workers’ Party was worst hit, ironically. since the probe had been facilitated by reforms introduced by Rousseff herself.

in Beef, Bible and Bullets