Abusesofpower that take the form of
banishment can be interpreted as a direct consequence of parrhesia ,
insofar as parrhesia has been experienced by the interlocutor as
speech abuse. Abusive banishment may thus be taken as an ‘ effet
de retour ’ of abusive speech. 1 Naturally, this abuse is not presented as
such, as ‘wrong or improper use’, 2 but is openly justified by
This book analyses three Shakespearean plays that mainly deal with abusive forms of banishment: King Richard II, Coriolanus and King Lear. These plays present with particular clarity the mechanism of the banishment proclamation and its consequences, that is, the dynamic of exclusion and its repercussions. Those repercussions may entail breaking the ban to come back illegally and seek revenge; devising strategies of deviation, such as disguise and change of identity; or resorting to mental subterfuges as a means of refuge. They may also lead to entropy – exhaustion, letting go or heartbreak. Each in its own way, they invite us to reflect upon the complex articulation between banishment and abuse of power, upon the strategies of resistance and displacement employed to shun or endure the painful experience of ‘deterritorialisation’; they put into play the dialectics of allegiance and disobedience, of fearlessly speaking and silencing, of endurance and exhaustion; they question both the legitimacy of power and the limits of human resistance. This study draws on French scholars in Shakespearean studies, and also on contemporary French historians, theorists, anthropologists, psychoanalysts, essayists and philosophers, who can help us read Shakespeare’s plays in our time. It thus takes into account some of the works of Roland Barthes, Michel Foucault, Gilles Deleuze and Felix Guattari, Gaston Bachelard, Marcel Detienne and Jean-Pierre Vernant, Boris Cyrulnik and Emmanuel Housset. The hope is that their respective intellectual approaches will shed specific kinds of light on Shakespeare’s plays and initiate a fruitful dialogue with Anglo-Saxon criticism.
Dante Beyond Influence provides the first systematic inquiry into the formation of the British critical and scholarly discourse on Dante in the late nineteenth century (1865–1921). Overcoming the primacy of literary influence and intertextuality, it instead historicises and conceptualises the hermeneutic turn in British reception history as the product of major transformations in Victorian intellectual, social and publishing history. The volume unpacks the phenomenology of Victorian dantismo through the analysis of five case studies and the material examination of a newly discovered body of manuscript and print sources. Extending over a sixty-year long period, the book retraces the sophistication of the Victorian modes of readerly and writerly engagement with Dantean textuality. It charts its outward expression as a public criticism circulating in prominent nineteenth-century periodicals and elucidates its wider popularisation (and commodification) through Victorian mass-publishing. It ultimately brings forth the mechanism that led to the specialisation of the scholarly discourse and the academisation of Dante studies in traditional and extramural universities. Drawing on the new disciplines of book history and history of reading, the author provides unprecedented insight into the private intellectual life and public work of Christina Rossetti, Matthew Arnold, William E. Gladstone, and introduces a significant cohort of Dante critics, scholars and learned societies hitherto passed unnoticed. As it recaptures a long-neglected moment in Dante’s reception history, this path-breaking book illuminates the wider socio-cultural and economic impact that the Victorian hermeneutic turn had in advancing women’s access to literary and scholarly professions, educational reform and discipline formation.
(1991–2002) was the culmination of decades of alienation and
socio-economic exclusion, and rebel factions directed their anger at representatives
of the ‘rotten system’, including chiefs, as symbols of abusesofpower and the marginalisation of youth ( Peters,
2011 ; Richards, 1996 ).
Questions of legitimacy resurfaced after the war as heated debates emerged around
the reconstitution of the chieftaincy. Despite pre-war abuses, populations
Commissioner of Human Rights, ‘Democratic Republic of Congo, 1993–2003: Report of the Mapping Exercise documenting the most serious violations of human rights and international humanitarian law committed within the territory of the Democratic Republic of the Congo between March 1993 and June 2003’, Geneva: OHCHR, August 2010, www.ohchr.org/Documents/Countries/CD/DRC_MAPPING_REPORT_FINAL_EN.pdf (accessed 21 February 2019).
Most notable is Reyntjens (2013) who provides a detailed chronicle of abusesofpower by the RPF, including human rights abuses.
, with an idea of addressing some of the underlying causes, very much the Anglo-American approach. Whereas the francophone approach was much more grounded in the cri du coeur , a moral outrage being expressed. Professionalization and bureaucratization of the organization pushed us to have a logical framework – with goals and targets – to be effective. One sphere was linked to abusesofpower, violence against civilians, etc.; the other sphere was a more generic defense of humanitarian law and principles, like ‘don’t bomb hospitals’ and that kind of thing.
The way banishment and abuseofpower are
articulated participates, both upstream and downstream , in a
dialectics of deterritorialisation and reterritorialisation, a dynamic whose
driving force remains a form of transgression: going ‘through’
or ‘beyond’, crossing and counter-crossing frontiers, hence
undergoing a crisis in identity. The banished person is forced to follow a
trajectory entailing various types of
Margaret in King Richard III . Three tragedies stand
out for closely associating banishment with abuseofpower: King Richard II (1595), King
Lear (1605) and Coriolanus (1606). 19 These plays present with
particular clarity the mechanism of the proclamation and its consequences, that
is, the dynamic of exclusion and its repercussions. Those repercussions may
entail breaking the ban to come back illegally and seek revenge (according to
The Caldwell affair and the perils of collaboration in early colonial Hong Kong
illicit, networks that organised the Chinese communities in the colony. These men were usually
of obscure origin and occupied precarious positions in the colonial hierarchy: they were prone
to corruption and the abuseofpower; some were racially indeterminate; and, in the eyes of
bourgeois colonial society, they mixed far too freely with the Chinese criminals they were
supposed to be suppressing. Yet they were vital to the running of this troubled frontier
Daniel Caldwell, the archetypal European middleman in a
environmental protection – largely through cooperation, occasionally through coercion. Nonetheless, the aim of this book is to show that law plays a significant role in curbing excesses and the abuseofpower, as well as facilitating the channelling of power to achieve those purposes. The opening chapter makes it clear that law and politics can be separated but it is important to understand their relationship, an understanding that provides the method behind this book; making the book attractive to non-lawyers, but also widening the law student’s horizons.