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Owen Davies

witchcraft accusations in the period, therefore, this chapter also provides a general survey of the published work on the subject for an English audience. As the reader will find, this requires considerable interdisciplinary awareness. Although historians, folklorists and anthropologists often find themselves in the same field of study, they rarely follow the same path across it. Despite a wealth of information, historians have

in Witchcraft Continued
The effects of the means test, 1931–34
Stephanie Ward

3 Accusations, image and experience: the effects of the means test, 1931–34 When the Means Test started, it became impossible. The P.A.C. reduced the man’s allowance from 29s. 3d. to 11s. 3d. I shall never forget his despair when he came before the committee. ‘I have struggled all my life to get out of the slums’, he said; ‘now we must get back to them’. Public Assistance Committee Official, Newcastle.1 Well, this time next week the Means Test investigator would have been and gone. That agony-day once a month, he dreaded it, more for Jane’s sake than his own; it

in Unemployment and the state in Britain
Elizabeth Dauphinée

4712P BOSNIA-PT/bp.qxd 6/12/06 15:04 Page 1 1111 1 An accusation in the course of fieldwork Before one is guilty, one is already uniquely and irreplaceably in a position of shame in regard to those about whom one is to write.1 I am building my career on the loss of a man named Stojan Sokolović (and on the loss of many millions of others, who may or may not resemble him). And one night, he told me: ‘You write about violence – you say that fear is a violence – that the things that cause fear and insecurity are violences. But you do not know how that fear

in The ethics of researching war
Reidar Due

During a twenty-five year period, spanning the Second World War and his move from England to America, Hitchcock showed a particular preference for plots involving an unjustified accusation against the films central character. The 39 Steps (1935), Young and Innocent (1937), Saboteur (1942), Strangers on a Train (1951), I Confess (1953), The Wrong Man (1956) and North by Northwest (1959) are all variations on the same pattern with different thematic emphases. This article discusses the narrative logic and moral content of this ‘innocence plot’, running through Hitchcock‘s films from the mid-thirties to the late fifties.

Film Studies
The Aid Industry and the ‘Me Too’ Movement
Charlotte Lydia Riley

created a twitter hashtag, #MeToo, to encourage women to respond to the accusations against Harvey Weinstein by sharing their own experiences of assault and abuse ( Khomami, 2017 ). Since the Weinstein accusations – and through his trial and subsequent conviction – journalists, academics, politicians and activists have spoken of a MeToo moment, as women across many different sectors vocalise their experiences of sexual assault, abuse and harassment at the hands of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Sean Healy
Victoria Russell

’ boats’. The agency made the accusation explicitly in another report last week, which stated: ‘First reported case where the criminal networks were smuggling migrants directly on an NGO vessel’. ( Robinson, 2016 ) At that point, MSF had been running search and rescue operations since mid 2015, with three ships then operational on the Mediterranean: the Bourbon Argos , the Dignity I and the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Bert Ingelaere

Introduction The peculiar course of the gacaca process introduced in Rwandan society to deal with the legacy of the 1994 genocide against Tutsi has been thoroughly examined in book-length scholarly studies ( Clark, 2010 ; Ingelaere, 2016 ; Chakravarty, 2015 ; Doughty, 2016 ; Longman, 2017 ). 1 Not only observations of trial proceedings but also survey results and popular narratives collected during fieldwork indicate that testimonial activity – both confessions but especially accusations – was the cornerstone of the gacaca system ( Penal Reform

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Open Access (free)
Humanity and Solidarity
Tanja R. Müller
Róisín Read

clear detail, and needs to be engaged with as such. The theme of information – or rather, disinformation – is at the centre of the first field report of the issue by Healy and Russell. It traces in minute detail the dis-information campaigns around search and rescue missions in the Mediterranean, focusing on the concrete example of the MV Aquarius and the accusation the rescue mission was in fact aiding people smuggling. The report presents the linkages between conspiracy theories

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
The Politics of ‘Proximity’ and Performing Humanitarianism in Eastern DRC
Myfanwy James

interpersonal networks of local staff were useful, but viewed with some distrust by MSF ‘expats’. In response to accusations of Congolese staff being sympathetic or allied with certain armed groups, one employee concluded: ‘We don’t know what our staff do in their free time.’ Several foreign MSF staff described their unease at never knowing the extent of the links between their local colleagues and armed actors. One former head of mission remembered how during one meeting, ‘the first thing the leader of the CNDP did was to ask our local colleague about his father – there were

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Timothy Longman

United States, including cases like that of François Bazaramba in Finland that came directly out of accusations detailed in Leave None to Tell . Since the book is technically a human rights report rather than a traditional academic tome, it begins with an executive summary that lays out the key points. In this section, I want to highlight several of the central arguments that Des Forges develops and that the majority of the text is then devoted to proving. First, Des Forges makes clear that what happened in Rwanda was in fact genocide, the targeting killing of

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs