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Paddy Hoey

1 Northern Ireland, the public sphere and activist media The appearance of a political journal and its survival was equivalent to involvement in the struggle over the range of freedom to be granted to public opinion and over publicity as a principle.1 In May 2013 a tweet sent by the author of this book contributed to a minor controversy involving Sinn Féin and the BBC. A picture taken at a recording of the BBC’s flagship debate programme, Question Time, that week being hosted in Belfast, showed a floor plan for the panel of guests that appeared to link Sinn

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
Irish republican media activism since the Good Friday Agreement
Author: Paddy Hoey

Newspapers, magazines and pamphlets have always been central, almost sacred, forms of communication within Irish republican political culture. While social media is becoming the primary ideological battleground in many democracies, Irish republicanism steadfastly expresses itself in the traditional forms of activist journalism.

Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters is a long-term analysis of the development of Irish republican activist media since 1998 and the tumultuous years following the end of the Troubles. It is the first in-depth analysis of the newspapers, magazines and online spaces in which the differing strands of Irish republicanism developed and were articulated during a period where schism and dissent defined a return to violence.

Based on an analysis of Irish republican media outlets as well as interviews with the key activists that produced them, this book provides a compelling long-term snapshot of a political ideology in transition. It reveals how Irish Republicanism was moulded by the twin forces of the Northern Ireland Peace Process and the violent internal ideological schism that threatened a return to the ‘bad old days’ of the Troubles.

This book is vital for those studying Irish politics and those interestedin activism as it provides new insights into the role that modern activist media forms have played in the ideological development of a 200-year-old political tradition.

The Shinners
Paddy Hoey

republican politics at the start of the twenty-first century. The Irish republican sphere and its activist media outlets in the post-1998 period can be split into four ideologically overlapping blocs, to be examined in terms of their shared and divergent themes and in the timeframes in which they emerged and developed. The four blocs emerged in three distinct timeframes: pre-1998; 2000– 2006; and 2006 onwards. The first bloc is the establishment republicanism of Sinn Féin, while the second encompasses opposition groups like the Irish Republican Socialist Party (IRSP

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
Éirígí and RNU
Paddy Hoey

, both online and in the mass media, has remained the primary site for intervention as an impetus for deliberative action in the political public sphere. The Internet is particularly important because activist media outlets provided greater control over the narratives and discourses individual groups wanted to convey. While éirígí was initially a compound of republican street activism and modern anti-corporate guerrilla activism, it used a variety of online outlets to spread its message. Traditional agitprop materials like street theatre and provocative posters were

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
Dissos and dissenters
Paddy Hoey

organizations like the Irish Republican Socialist Party, Republican Sinn Féin and 32 County Sovereignty Movement were active, to a greater or lesser extent, prior to 1998, but – if one sees electoral success and media attention as two measures of political activity – the influence of both their political strategies and activist media are naturally more diminished than that of Sinn Féin. Their visibility and the effectiveness of their communication would become lessened both in the face of Sinn Féin’s growing electoral and social power and with the emergence of dissenting

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
Fourthwrite and the Blanket
Paddy Hoey

5 A republican digital counterculture? Fourthwrite and the Blanket The republican leadership had for long made much of the concept of ‘community as one’. There would be no alternative voices. Sean Russell rather than Peadar O’Donnell being the role model that suited best.1 If Sinn Féin’s response to the changing political landscape and the rise of the Internet was to dynamically restructure its own activist media output and the internal dynamics of the Irish republican sphere in the process, then the online world was a space that would also inspire and

in Shinners, Dissos and Dissenters
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Activism and design in Italy
Author: Ilaria Vanni

Precarious objects is a book about activism and design. The context is the changes in work and employment from permanent to precarious arrangements in the twenty-first century in Italy. The book presents design interventions that address precarity as a defuturing force affecting political, social and material conditions. Precarious objects shows how design objects, called here ‘orientation devices’, recode political communication and reorient how things are imagined, produced and circulated. It also shows how design as a practice can reconfigure material conditions and prefigure ways to repair some of the effects of precarity on everyday life. Three microhistories illustrate activist repertoires that bring into play design, and design practices that are grounded in activism. While the vitality, experimental nature and traffic between theory and praxis of social movements in Italy have consistently attracted the interest of activists, students and researchers in diverse fields, there exists little in the area of design research. This is a study of design activism at the intersection of design theory and cultural research for researchers and students interested in design studies, cultural studies, social movements and Italian studies.

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Film studies and the digital
Andrew Dix

spectrum are the saturated colours and exquisite pictorial details of such films as Life of Pi and The Great Gatsby ; at the other are the reduced palettes and rougher, improvisatory looks of films including Winter’s Bone and the Turkish Once Upon a Time in Anatolia (2011). If some filmmakers have abandoned analogue formats in a quest for stylistic density, others have done so with quite different motivations. Holly Willis writes of the ‘rejuvenation of activist media’ enabled by quicker, less expensive shooting and editing on digital videotape ( 2005 : 96). Thus

in Beginning film studies (second edition)
Screen and digital labour as resistance
Photini Vrikki, Sarita Malik, and Aditi Jaganathan

industry that has increasingly adopted market models that neglect the importance of cultural representation and have placed a low priority on building fundamental support structures to empower marginalised workers. The screen and digital interventions that we explore in this chapter push for alternative political cultures and are centred on social justice or anti-racist concerns that are often not addressed directly within the CCIs. What this chapter unveils is the impact that the working environment has on cultural workers interested in anti-racist ‘activist media

in Creativity and resistance in a hostile world
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Michael Pierse, Churnjeet Mahn, Sarita Malik, and Ben Rogaly

Asian creators and content, whatever the policy drives to counter exclusivism at institutional levels. However, despite these barriers, and despite a recent increased hostility to minorities in Britain, forms of ‘activist media practice’ manage to resist and interrupt at various levels within and outside CCIs. As Vrikki, Malik and Jaganathan illustrate, despite the lack of funding ring-fenced for Black and Asian film, and despite the labour precarity and compromises entailed in seeking funding from corporate bodies, filmmakers and podcasters still find ways to create

in Creativity and resistance in a hostile world