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Arthur B. Gunlicks

chap 3 27/5/03 11:53 am Page 81 3 Administrative structures in Germany Administration after 1945 To some extent the Allies, especially the British,1 tried after the war to break older administrative traditions in Germany, but the Americans and French looked for guidance at the pre-Nazi administrative structures in their occupation zones. Nineteenth-century organizational structures were largely reinstated under the formula, “a new beginning, but not a fundamentally new organization.”2 But there was a focus on localizing administration, in part as a

in The Länder and German federalism
Abbey, court and community 1525–1640
Author: J. F. Merritt

Early modern Westminster is familiar as the location of the Royal Court at Whitehall, parliament, the law courts and the emerging West End, yet it has never been studied in its own right. This book reveals the often problematic relations between the diverse groups of people who constituted local society - the Court, the aristocracy, the Abbey, the middling sort and the poor - and the competing visions of Westminster's identity which their presence engendered. There were four parishes in Westminster at the turn of the sixteenth century. The parishes of St Martin's and St Margaret's have been identified as two of only eighteen English parishes for which continuous and detailed parish records survive for the turbulent period 1535-1570. Differences in social organization, administrative structure and corporate life in the two parishes also provide a study in contrasts. These crucial differences partly shaped forms of lay piety in each parish as well as their very different responses to the religious reformations of Henry VIII and his children. The death of Henry VIII heralded important changes in Westminster. Most strikingly, however, this was a period of major religious change, in stark contrast to the piecemeal changes of Henry's reign. The dissolution of Westminster's abbey gave rise to special problems. The book examines individuals who wielded the most influence at the local government; as well as the social identity of these parish elites. Finally, it explores the interaction of religion with the social and political developments observed in the post-Reformation town.

Sandra Buchanan

backgrounds, administrative structures and activities. International Fund for Ireland Article 10(a) of the 1985 Anglo-Irish Agreement signed by the British and Irish governments states that ‘the two governments shall co-operate to promote the economic and social development of those areas of both parts of Ireland which have suffered from the consequences of

in Transforming conflict through social and economic development
Brid Quinn and Bernadette Connaughton

5306ST New Patterns-C/lb.qxd 3/9/09 16:45 Page 34 3 Mediating forces and the domestic polity Brid Quinn and Bernadette Connaughton Introduction The effects of Europeanisation have been filtered by Ireland’s complex history, distinctive political and social culture, nationalistic penchants and strongly centralised political-administrative structures. This chapter outlines the key elements of Irish political and social culture and analyses the way in which these factors have moderated the Europeanisation process. It looks at the underpinnings of Irish society

in Europeanisation and new patterns of governance in Ireland
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Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos

politicoadministrative structures, it is likely to be more costly, at least in terms of time. In addition, the detection of problems is easier in integrated politicoadministrative structures. Finally, it has been argued that the implementation of reforms is more difficult in a fragmented politico-administrative structure. Change underlines the need for adaptation which, in turn, requires a certain ability to learn. Lesson-drawing is more difficult in fragmented structures because each actor is confined to limited (sectoral or sub-sectoral) sources of input. This further highlights the

in The power of the centre
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Memory and history in settler colonialism
Annie E. Coombes

communities which made their homes there on a permanent basis in the early twentieth century – whether out of choice, necessity or by force – were Irish, Scottish and English. Consequently we might expect certain similarities in the kinds of administrative structures and civic institutions imposed during the colonial period. One of the contentions of this collection is, however, that despite a shared familiarity with cultural and political institutions, practices and policies among the white settler communities – notwithstanding the

in Rethinking settler colonialism
Dionyssis G. Dimitrakopoulos

Greece and is linked to some problems in this process (infra, Chapter 4). Each one of the aforementioned ministries deals with policy formulation as well as implementation within its particular remit.17 France The Commission Centrale des Marchés (CCM – Central Procurement Commission) has traditionally been the most prominent part of the French administrative structures that deal with public procurement policy. This interministerial body was created in 195918 to resolve the co-ordination problems that emanated from the dispersed procurement methods used by various

in The power of the centre
A comprehensive trauma centre
David Bolton

and administrative structures in the context of the Troubles is briefly described. Background to the NICTT As described in Chapter 2 , the original Omagh Community Trauma and Recovery Team was established immediately following the bombing in August 1998 and operated until 2001. During this period, over 600 people approached or were referred to the Team for help, mainly with

in Conflict, peace and mental health
Niilo Kauppi

for Europe, French hegemony in the European Union was to be achieved by maintaining a dominant position in the FrenchGerman duo and by modelling European institutions on French administrative structures and their culture. This goal united politicians from de Gaulle and Monnet onward (Riemenschneider 1992, 145). According to an American observer, 'previous French pride in the universality of France could be diverted toward, and grafted on, the making of Europe' (Hoffmann et al. 1963, 80). If Delors claimed that 'France will grow with Europe' (Delors 1988, 263), the

in Democracy, social resources and political power in the European Union
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Elaine A. Byrne

personal ethical responsibility, the law will always play catch up. Towards a new definition: clientelism and brokerage The academic focus in Ireland on the distinctions between clientelism and brokerage is demonstrative of a legalistic understanding of corruption. It is argued, in the Irish case, that it is more accurate to describe the constituency work of politicians as brokerage, as distinct from clientelism. Ireland’s political culture, small size of society and administrative structures are cited as reasons why brokerage is predominant within Irish politics. The

in Political corruption in Ireland, 1922–2010