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Arjun Claire

Introduction Humanitarian advocacy shot to prominence in the 1990s. Frustrated by treating symptoms of crises, several humanitarian organisations were turning to a rights-based approach, and advocacy provided the toolbox for a closer engagement with the politics of crises ( Bridges, 2010 ). What was until then largely a moral act to bear witness and speak out against suffering ( Redfield, 2006 ) was in the process subsumed within a

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Abstract only
Transnational activism and state power in China
Author: Stephen Noakes

The tale of transnational advocacy networks (TANs) is typically one of non-state actors reshaping world politics through the power of persuasion and principled ideas. This book is about the unromantic and often uncomfortable realities of transnational advocacy in a strong authoritarian state and rising world power. Drawing together case studies that span a range of issues, repertoires, and results of advocacy, it elaborates the constitutive role of the state in contemporary transnational activism. Because transnational networks are significant globally and domestically, the book speaks to students of comparative and international politics, bridging what is treated here as a superficial divide between the sub-fields. It discusses the campaigns around justice for Falun Gong and the strengthening of intellectual property rights in China. The book then traces the campaign around HIV/AIDS treatment, and the effort to abolish capital punishment in China. In the campaign for Tibetan independence, Chinese intransigence on the matter of national sovereignty for Tibet produced a split within the TAN. The book argues that that TANs can be effective when a legitimacy-seeking state deems the adoption of new policy positions in a given issue area to be critical for the preservation of its own moral authority and power monopoly. The key to working more effectively in China, therefore, is to recognize the source of Chinese Communist Party legitimacy and the connectedness of an issue to it. Those wishing to approach China recognize and take seriously the Chinese power to shape global issues and campaigns in support of them.

The ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns
Stephen Noakes

104 4 State-​directed advocacy: the ‘drift’ phenomenon in the ‘free Tibet’ and global warming campaigns T here is yet a third model of advocacy arising from global engagement with China, one in which target state preferences not only shape the results of individual campaigns, but also their ideological core. I  call this metamorphosis of principles ‘advocacy drift’. It is exemplified by the campaigns around global warming and Tibetan independence, their varied ‘results’ notwithstanding. As with the ‘natural cases’ explored in chapter two, these campaigns show

in The advocacy trap
Valérie Gorin

Introduction Humanitarian films in the 1920s served to blame or impel audiences, without naming or shaming perpetrators most of the time. Instead of being proper political advocacy, early humanitarian cinema displayed more educational advocacy, which aims to impose a transformative agenda based on solidarity. Advocacy developed more systematically as a form of humanitarian communication in the 1970s and 1980s. It was influenced by the French and British schools of humanitarianism ( Dolan, 1992 ; Edwards, 1993 ; Gorin, 2018 ). While British NGOs such as

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Using norms to promote progress on the Global Action Plan to End Statelessness
Melissa Schnyder

This chapter explores how civil society organisations (CSOs) working to end statelessness use norm-based advocacy strategies to effect political and social change in relation to the United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees’ (UNHCR) Global Action Plan to End Statelessness (‘Action Plan’). The focus here is on CSOs, which include local

in Statelessness, governance, and the problem of citizenship
Kate McLuskie and Kate Rumbold

wherever it was to be found. The seminar participants’ responses demonstrated an important distinction between advocacy and analysis. Their advocacy for the value of culture offered a post hoc justification for their existing enthusiasm rather than an a priori analysis of culture that called into question its definitions or addressed the process of assigning value in

in Cultural value in twenty-first-century England
Sophie Roborgh

inclusion and verification criteria, it argues that the analysis of patterns of attacks and implications of violence against healthcare are not necessarily served by the same dataset. It then looks into the manner in which advocacy brings some voices more to the fore than others, raising questions on representation and empowerment. It finally moves on to analyse how judicialisation of monitoring of attacks, the increasing need for the legal ‘usefulness’ of data to facilitate

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Jonathan J. Pierce and Katherine C. Hicks

The advocacy coalition framework (ACF) is an actor-specific theory of the policy process. The unit of analysis is the policy subsystem, within which advocacy coalitions compete to translate their beliefs into public policy. The framework is based on a series of assumptions at the systemic, meso-, and individual levels of analysis (Sabatier and Weible 2007 ), and identifies three theories: advocacy coalitions, policy learning, and policy change (Sabatier and Jenkins-Smith 1999 ; Jenkins-Smith et al. 2014 ). The framework has been applied hundreds of times

in Foreign policy as public policy?
David Bolton

have the choice of using the findings from research to shape investment decisions, workforce development plans, training programmes, services design, service commissioning, service delivery and practice. Otherwise findings from research can remain ignored. Research and advocacy in conflict-affected communities Throughout the years of the Troubles, research into mental health

in Conflict, peace and mental health
Lauren Cantos

: social status, piety, and the Protestant ‘new mother’ Wet-nursing was a common practice in late sixteenth- and seventeenth-century England. However, the prevalence of wet-nursing was dictated by regional economics: practices varied across the country, with wet-nurses having diverse contracts, wages, and social status. 3 Wealthier families were generally more likely to employ wet-nurses than poorer families. 4 It has been argued that advocacy for maternal breastfeeding in prescriptive

in Religion and life cycles in early modern England