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This article focuses on a cycle of late 1960s true crime films depicting topical mass/serial murders. It argues that the conjoined ethical and aesthetic approaches of these films were shaped within and by a complex climate of contestation as they moved from newspaper headlines to best-sellers lists to cinema screens. While this cycle was central to critical debates about screen violence during this key moment of institutional, regulatory and aesthetic transition, they have been almost entirely neglected or, at best, misunderstood. Meeting at the intersection of, and therefore falling between the gaps, of scholarship on the Gothic horror revival and New Hollywood’s violent revisionism, this cycle reversed the generational critical divisions that instigated a new era in filmmaking and criticism. Adopting a historical reception studies approach, this article challenges dominant understandings of the depiction and reception of violence and horror in this defining period.

Film Studies

Britain's Chief Rabbis were attempting to respond to the new religious climate, and deployed a variety of tactics to achieve their aims. This book presents a radical new interpretation of Britain's Chief Rabbis from Nathan Adler to Immanuel Jakobovits. It examines the theologies of the Chief Rabbis and seeks to reveal and explain their impact on the religious life of Anglo-Jewry. The book begins with the study of Nathan Marcus Adler, Chief Rabbi from 1845, and it then explores how in 1880 Hermann Adler became Delegate Chief Rabbi on his father's semi-retirement to Brighton. In the pre-modern era, and for a while after, rabbis saw themselves and were seen as the heirs of the rabbinic tradition, whose role first and foremost was to rule on matters of religious law. The book argues that the Chief Rabbis' response to modernity should be viewed in the context of Jewish religious responses that emerged following the Enlightenment and Emancipation. It sketches out a possible typology of those responses, so that Chief Rabbis can be placed in that context. Chief Rabbis were members of the acknowledgement school, which contained a number of different theological currents: romantic, scientific, aesthetic and nostalgic. Hermann Adler was the Chief Rabbi during his time, and his religious policies were to a great extent motivated by his religious ideas. Joseph Herman Hertz's theology placed him in the traditional group within the acknowledgement school, although he was influenced by its scientific, romantic and aesthetic branches.

Can performance care?

performance philosophy and in particular the idea that ‘performance thinks’ to suggest that performance also ‘cares’ in creating singular human connections not easily obtainable through cognitive processes. The epistemic and ontological aspects of care are emphasised in this section. The conclusion of the chapter argues that within the framework of performance philosophy, care ethics reaches its radical potential as a critical theory. As an aesthetic approach care ethics can challenge the hegemony of normative theory as it simultaneously confronts non-caring political

in Performing care

, seeking evidence of individuality whilst accepting that, as Andrew Sarris (1968: 36) put it, ‘All directors, and not just in Hollywood, are imprisoned by the conditions of their craft and their culture’. In this chapter I trace the development of his dominant themes and aesthetic approaches as he negotiates this kind of ‘imprisonment’, the restrictions which I articulated in Chapter 1, to assert his individual voice as a director. In the opening section, I trace the development of this voice in several of his productions from the 1970s, placing their concern with

in Alan Clarke
Norwegian experiences of death and security

This chapter moves away from Manhattan to explore the competing memorial projects at sites connected to Anders Breivik’s attacks of 22 July 2011 in Norway. It compares and contrasts the aesthetic approaches to memorialisation used by the Norwegian state and civil society actors, while arguing that memorialisation is a security practice in both contexts. Heideggerian and phenomenological geography is used to explore the reclaiming of post-terrorist space and place by civil society actors at Utøya island.

in Death and security

In her first feature, Chocolat, the director's early experiences made her sensitive to certain issues and spurred her interest in themes that she continued to explore in subsequent films: oppression and misappropriation, exile and racism, alienation and transgression. This chapter summarises the principal aspects of the director's biographical and professional background, with reference to the wider historical context and to French cinema production in general. It proceeds with an outline of the director's thematic and aesthetic approach and highlights the recurrent features of her work. Location and space emphasise a sense of displacement and function as metaphors for the process of potential exclusion of the individual (body) from society. But the metaphor also evokes an inner sense of exile and longing, a feeling of foreignness that is played out at the level of the individual and of the individual's body through relations of desire, fear and rejection.

in Claire Denis
Sarah Turner’s Perestroika

This chapter uses Sarah Turner’s Perestroika (2009) as a springboard for exploring the contemporary intersections of ‘art cinema’ and ‘artist’s film’ in the British context. Part essay film, part psychogeography, Turner’s experimental narrative blurs the boundary between documentary and fiction, turning a train journey on the Trans-Siberian Railway into a philosophical reflection on the relationship between interior and exterior reality. I argue that Perestroika opens a space for reflecting on contemporary viewing contexts. In his review in the Guardian newspaper, Peter Bradshaw stated that ‘it is the kind of film that is arguably better viewed on the wall of an art gallery’, while also acknowledging that the film’s raw affective power derives from the cinema setting. In its association of content to context, Bradshaw’s comment raises broader questions related to the ‘art cinema’/‘artist’s cinema’ dichotomy. What is this ‘kind of film’ that seems awkwardly positioned between two institutions – the cinema and the gallery? How does the hybrid aesthetic approach in Perestroika force us to evaluate viewing contexts in relation to the different traditions it encompasses? In analysing these questions, the chapter draws on notions of immersive experience and haptic vision (Marks, 2002) that locate the film between narrative and abstraction.

in British art cinema
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with an outline of the director’s thematic and aesthetic approach, and highlights the recurrent features of her work. The following chapters provide detailed analysis of each of her feature films. The works are grouped in thematic rather than chronological order so as to bring forth the issues that appear central in Denis’ approach as a whole. Chapter 2 , ‘Screening exile’ (Chocolat, Man No Run, S’en fout la mort, Contre

in Claire Denis
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tends to rescue the text from the ‘ignominy’ of the grotesque, and ‘saves’ the work by pointing to a supposedly quasi-ethical purpose embodied in the text (‘representing the real’) and simultaneously downplaying the significance of the (grotesque) aesthetic approach taken. Ruskin’s recuperation of Dickens that I discuss in the first chapter is a key example of such a move. I have therefore sought in this study to preserve the possibility of the grotesque outside this kind of interpretation, and to avoid the temptation of reading the contemporary grotesque as being

in The grotesque in contemporary British fiction
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The origins of Russian documentary theatre

beginning their experimentation in the form, Russia’s theatre artists were soon confronted with Stalin’s system of censorship. As the Soviet leader continued to consolidate his power, theatre became one of many weapons integrated into the state-wide arsenal of propaganda methods. Formal experimentation became restricted by the top-down imposition of a single aesthetic approach. Socialist Realism – first introduced by Maksim Gorky in 1932, became state policy with Andrei Zhdanov’s speech to the All-Soviet Writers’ Union Congress in 1934. From that date on, theatre as well

in Witness onstage