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Abstract only
Second edition
Author: A. J. Coates

Though the just war tradition has an ancient pedigree, like any tradition of thought, it is subject to historical highs and lows. Drawing on examples from the history of warfare from the Crusades to the present day, this book explores the limits and possibilities of the moral regulation of war. It focuses on the tensions which exist between war and morality. The moral ambiguity and mixed record of that tradition is acknowledged and the dangers which an exaggerated view of the justice or moral worth of war poses are underlined. The adoption of a 'dispositional' view of ethical life, in which moral character and moral culture play a decisive part, widens and transforms the ethics of war. Realism resists the application of morality to war. Pacifism harms and benefits the just war tradition in about equal measure. In opposition to the amoral and wholly pragmatic approach of the 'pure' realist, the just war theorist insists on the moral determination of war where that is possible, and on the moral renunciation of war where it is not. Moral realism is what the just war tradition purports to be about. Legitimate authority has become entirely subordinated to the concept of state sovereignty. If moderate forms of consequentialism threaten the principle of noncombatant immunity, more extreme or purer forms clearly undermine it. The strategic and the ethical problems of counterterrorism are compounded by the emergence of a new and more extreme form of terrorism.

Abstract only
Robin Wilson

– in this case transnational – in dealing with communal division, and of universal norms. In B-H an amoral approach was adopted, notably by the UK, based on minimising intervention – particularly by refusing to commit troops to a peace-enforcing role. This not only failed to prevent the horrors of ‘ethnic cleansing’ but ensured it was ultimately to be rewarded by the communal carve-up of B-H by the

in The Northern Ireland experience of conflict and agreement
Tom Gallagher

members of the political class and the legal profession. A well-known press editor observed in 2004, ‘All the important hierarchies in the justice system are filled with the wives, in-laws, cousins, nephews . . . of the political–financial clans represented by the ruling party’.70 But, at the same time, perhaps the ideological commitment to the communist system was more pronounced in the justice system than among party activists where an opportunistic and amoral approach to politics prevailed before 1989. Judges and prosecutors had been constantly engaged in maintaining

in Romania and the European Union
Abstract only
Wilkie Collins’s ghosts
Andrew Smith

be playing tricks with his imagination. However, much of this is expressed in terms which suggest that such an experience does not enhance the cause of any possible play: ‘ “A terrible smell from an invisible ghost is a perfectly new idea. But it has one drawback. If I realise it on the stage, I shall drive the audience out of the theatre” ’ (p. 77). This type of amoral approach, as stated earlier

in The ghost story, 1840–1920
Briony Tallis and Atonement
Natasha Alden

deranged, doomed, or both. Again, there are echoes of Waugh’s Sword of Honour trilogy. This section reminds the reader of the retreat Guy Crouchback and his battalion attempt in Crete; Waugh depicts a chaotic, undisciplined rout in which Guy is left to fend for himself as best he can, while all around him try to save themselves. The only man to come out of ሁሂ 141 ሃሁ 3927 Alden- Reading behind the lines:Layout 1 27/9/13 09:05 Page 142 Reading behind the lines the retreat with any public honour is Ludovic, whose amoral approach to his own survival has prompted him to

in Reading behind the lines