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Author: Tim Aistrope

Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy examines the relationship between secrecy, power and interpretation around international political controversy, where foreign policy orthodoxy comes up hard against alternative interpretations. It does so in the context of American foreign policy during the War on Terror, a conflict that was quintessentially covert and conspiratorial. This book adds a new dimension to the debate by examining what I coin the ‘Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative’: the view that Arab-Muslim resentment towards America was motivated to some degree by a paranoid perception of American power in the Middle East. Immediately after 9/11, prominent commentators pointed to an Arab-Muslim culture of blame and a related tendency towards conspiracy theories about America’s regional influence as an important cultural driver of anti-Americanism. This narrative subsequently made its way into numerous US Government policy documents and initiatives advancing a War of Ideas strategy aimed at winning the ‘hearts and minds’ of Arab-Muslims. The book provides a novel reading of the processes through which legitimacy and illegitimacy is produced in foreign policy discourses. It will also appeal to a wider cross-disciplinary audience interested in the burgeoning issues of conspiracy, paranoia, and popular knowledge, including their relationship to and consequences for contemporary politics.

Sources of anti-Americanism
Mitchell B. Reiss

11 Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss Introduction When Ambassador Mitchell B. Reiss addressed the subject of ‘Between facts and fantasies: sources of anti-Americanism’ on 21 May 2006, he approached this highly topical, and controversial, issue from the distinctive perspective of having combined personal experience of diplomacy and peacemaking with a rigorous academic background and training. It is a distinctive feature of American political life that talented individuals can combine careers in the academy with

in Peacemaking in the twenty-first century
Tim Aistrope

provide a window into the underlying commitments and rationalities of a political culture. This chapter examines the widespread concern expressed by foreign policy commentators about the link between anti-Americanism and Arab-Muslim conspiracy theories in the wake of 9/11. I argue that this Arab-Muslim paranoia narrative helped disqualify criticism of American power and limit

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Open Access (free)
Francisco E. González and Desmond King

. Individual lynchings received detailed coverage overseas, as in due course did both the Brown decision (1954) and ‘Little Rock crisis’ (1955). 238 AREAS To some extent French interest in African Americans’ conditions was informed by anti-Americanism. Particularly during the period when the Parti Communiste Français (PCF) was a powerful presence in French politics, an eagerness to unearth defects in American politics and society was not uncommon. In 1946 Jean Paul Sartre, the doyen of the French intellectual left, published a critical account of Black Americans in the PCF

in Democratization through the looking-glass
Abstract only
Ken Young

at risk by politicised anti-Americanism. The threat of anti-Americanism The handover of the bases to the USAF was a milestone in the relationship between the American strategic forces and the British hosts. It also marked the beginning of a period of political unrest and uncertainty, raising new questions about the acceptability of the American presence. These were not questions for government. By and large, the uncertainties of the late 1940s had been settled as Whitehall and Westminster acknowledged the facts of the defence dependency. Nor was significant public

in The American bomb in Britain
Tim Aistrope

THIS CHAPTER EXAMINES the practical manifestation of the War of Ideas strategy in United States (US) State Department public diplomacy, as well as more recent counter-radicalisation efforts under the Obama administration. It does so by focusing on several programmes involved in direct engagements with anti-Americanism and extremist ideology: the

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy
Popular opposition to the Korean War
Grace Huxford

cultural life during the Korean War. It also explains the motivations of Dalton and others within the Labour Party when dealing with Felton’s case, as they were keen not to be seen as pro-​Soviet. This chapter therefore unpicks the central elements of Communist opposition to the war and the largely poor reception their campaign received, despite the lacklustre support for the war at large. This chapter nevertheless highlights the cultural tenacity and appeal of one recurring component of British Communist opposition –​ anti-​Americanism. This sentiment chimed with other

in The Korean War in Britain

Edited and introduced by Nobel Laureate John Hume, T.G. Fraser and Leonie Murray, this book provides a range of unique insights into the issues surrounding peacemaking, delivered by major international figures with direct experience in this area at the highest level. Based on a series of lectures on the theme of ‘Peace’ given under the auspices of the Tip O’Neill Chair in Peace Studies at the University of Ulster’s Magee campus and funded by The Ireland Funds, each lecture is presented with an introduction placing it in its proper context within the discourse on peacemaking. The volume makes an invaluable contribution to the study of peace and conflict studies, international history, international relations and international politics.

Abstract only
Alice Garner and Diane Kirkby

political dissidents. Political turmoil surrounded the scholars who went on exchange –​going both ways –​and posed personal, political and social dilemmas for many. As one early scholar remarked, his experience in the United States had been a very positive one, ‘though we in Australia cannot always agree with American foreign policy’.34 Anti-​Americanism has been a phenomenon in Australia as well as many other parts of the world.35 Academics on both sides of the Pacific who understood the program’s educational promise and were heavily involved in policy and selection

in Academic ambassadors, Pacific allies
Abstract only
Tim Aistrope

position as Head of Near Eastern and African Affairs for the National Security Council in early 2005. 5 The particular understanding of the ‘roots of Muslim rage’ promulgated by these thinkers achieved policy significance in the context of a growing consensus about the link between anti-Americanism and terrorist recruitment. The ‘long war’ would be won, it was thought, not on the

in Conspiracy theory and American foreign policy