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The environmental history of war and militarization in Modern France
Author: Chris Pearson

This book traces the creation, maintenance, and contestation of the militarized environments from the establishment of France's first large-scale and permanent army camp on the Champagne plains in 1857, to military environmentalism in the first decade of the twenty-first century. In doing so, it focuses on the evolving and profoundly historical relationship between war, militarization, and the environment. The book treats militarized environments as simultaneously material and cultural sites that have been partially or fully mobilized to achieve military aims. It focuses on the environmental history of sites in rural and metropolitan France that the French and other militaries have directly mobilized to prepare for, and to wage, war. They include such sites as army camps, weapons testing facilities, and air bases, as well as battlefields and other combat zones, but not maritime militarized environments, which arguably deserve their own book. First World War cemeteries and the memorial landscapes of the D-Day beaches remain places of international importance and serve as reminders of the transnational character of many French militarized environments. And although the book focuses on the environmental history of militaraization within metropolitan France, it speaks to issues that mark militarized environments across the globe, such as civilian displacement, anti-base protests, and military environmentalism. By focusing on the French case, the author aims to encourage reflection and discussion on the global issue of military control and use of the environment.

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Chris Pearson

one of its aims. I hope that it will also generate further reflection on the links between war, militarization and the environment, as well as encourage debate on how military organizations control, manage, and modify vast areas of our planet. This book has stressed how militarized environments have acted as contact zones between military and civilian actors and how anti-base protesters mobilized nature imaginatively and physically to challenge militarization. I want to end by exploring the military–civilian character of militarized environments at two sites in

in Mobilizing nature
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Chris Pearson

the French environment. First World War cemeteries and the memorial landscapes of the D-Day beaches remain places of international importance and serve as reminders of the transnational character of many French militarized environments.6 And although this book focuses on the environmental history of militaraization within metropolitan France, moving between national, regional, and local scales, it speaks to issues that mark militarized environments across the globe, such as civilian displacement, anti-base protests, and military environmentalism.7 This is certainly

in Mobilizing nature
Chris Pearson

ideas embodied in the CPNHV points to the radicalization of such groups in the 1970s.50 The CPNHV’s environmentalist stance dovetailed with the anti-authoritarian and anti-military atmosphere of post-1968 France to create a group that was unafraid to declare 245 Mobilizing nature 8.2 Anti-Canjuers Camp poster showing the death of nature 246 Opposing militarized environments its utopian and anti-militarist outlook. Previously, anti-base protesters tended to portray themselves as loyal patriots who broadly supported national defence objectives but thought that

in Mobilizing nature