Search results

Author: Paul Blackledge

The recent emergence of global anti-capitalist and anti-war movements have created a space within which Marxism can flourish in a way as it has not been able to for a generation. This book shows that by disassociating Marxism from the legacy of Stalinism, Marxist historiography need not retreat before the criticisms from theorists and historians. It also shows that, once rid of this incubus, Marx's theory of history can be shown to be sophisticated, powerful and vibrant. The book argues that Marxism offers a unique basis to carry out a historical research, one that differentiates it from the twin failures of the traditional empiricist and the post-modernist approaches to historiography. It outlines Marx and Engels' theory of history and some of their attempts to actualise that approach in their historical studies. The book also offers a critical survey of debates on the application of Marx's concepts of 'mode of production' and 'relations of production' in an attempt to periodise history. Marxist debates on the perennial issue of structure and agency are considered in the book. Finally, the book discusses competing Marxist attempts to periodise the contemporary post-modern conjuncture, paying attention to the suggestion that the post-modern world is one that is characterised by the defeat of the socialist alternative to capitalism.

Death and press photography in the anti-capitalist protests in Genoa 2001
Antigoni Memou

numbers of protesters, but from the intense preparations of the Italian government to keep the protesters away from the summit, the violence of some protesters and, more importantly, from the culmination in police violence with the shooting of a young protester by a member of the carabinieri, the Italian military police force. The afternoon of 20 July 2001, when the young protester, Carlo Giuliani, was shot dead, was arguably a turning point for the anti-capitalist movement. Dylan Martinez and Sergei Karpukhin of Reuters, Italo Banchero and Luca Bruno of the Associated

in Photography and social movements
Open Access (free)
La gauche de la gauche
Jim Wolfreys

Laguiller, and the Ligue Communiste Révolutionnaire’s Olivier Besancenot, achieved in 2002 a combined score approaching three million. The growing influence of la gauche de la gauche was accompanied by the mushrooming of various militant groups and associations campaigning against racism, unemployment, homelessness and homophobia, boosted from the turn of the century by an emerging anti-capitalist movement spearheaded by individuals like the sociologist Pierre Bourdieu and the anti-globalisation campaigner José Bové, and by groups like the Attac association against

in The French party system
Paul Blackledge

sentence alludes, of course, to the changed political context between the publication of the book’s first edition in 1987, when the defeat of the British miners’ strike appeared to silence those who spoke of the continuing salience of class-based politics, and the post-Seattle contemporary context, when the concept of anti-capitalism has been forcefully reinstated within mainstream political debate. The emergence of the modern anti-capitalist movement suggests that Marx was right to argue that however many defeats it experiences, the struggle for freedom can never be

in Reflections on the Marxist theory of history
From the globalisation of the movement (1968) to the movement against globalisation (2001)
Author: Antigoni Memou

Throughout its brief history, photography has had a close relationship to social movements. From the Commune of Paris in 1871, the first political uprising to be captured by camera, to the 1990s anti-globalisation movement, the photographic medium has played a crucial role in political struggles. The book reflects critically on the theory of photography and the social movements themselves. It draws on a range of humanities disciplines, including photography theory and history, social movement theory, political theory, cultural history, visual culture, media studies and the history and theory of art. The book takes as a starting point 1968 - a year that witnessed an explosion of social movements worldwide and has been interpreted as a turning point for political practice and theory. The finishing point is 2001 - a signpost for international politics due to September 11 and a significant year for the movement because of the large-scale anti-capitalist protests in Genoa. Within these chronological limits, the book focuses on a selection of distinctive instances in which the photographic medium intersects with the political struggle. The three case studies are not the only pertinent examples, by any means, but they are important ones, not only historically and politically, but also iconographically. They are the student and worker uprising in France in May 1968 and two moments of the contemporary anti-capitalist movement, the indigenous Zapatista movement in Mexico and the anti-capitalist protests in Genoa in 2001.

Dave Morland

structural epicentre of power. Consequently, alternative modes of opposition are utilised to subvert the dynamics of the totalities. Resistance no longer confines itself to the political, to expressing itself against the bourgeoisie as the representatives of capital. Resistance now assumes social and cultural forms. These modes of resistance and subversion are central to the new social movements that constitute recent radical opposition, expressed through, among other things, the anti-capitalist movement. Recent media coverage of anti-capitalist protests would have us

in Changing anarchism
Open Access (free)
James Bowen and Jonathan Purkis

contexts (in this instance, the anti-capitalist movement). In such circumstances, the notion of a single anarchist subjectivity or human nature becomes problematic, with significant implications for the forms of political action that one might take. This is one of the principal themes of John Moore’s piece in terms of his analysis of how power imprints itself on the anarchist ‘subject’ in some of the first moments of life (and even before). Moore poses questions about power that explore the interface between form and content, time and space, history and memory in ways

in Changing anarchism
The case of the Socialist Workers’ Party
Craig Berry

by the SWP as an ‘anti-capitalistmovement – a generalised opposition to national and international policies and agreements designed to remove constraints upon capital accumulation. In the minds of many activists, particularly the SWP, the movement finally coalesced in protests accompanying the WTO’s ministerial meeting in Seattle in November 1999. The SWP launched Globalise Resistance (GR) soon after, to augment its status within the movement. On 11 September 2001, however, the context of the SWP’s agency was transformed by the commencement of an aggressive ‘War

in Globalisation and ideology in Britain
Abstract only
Antigoni Memou

in May 1968 and two moments of the contemporary anti-capitalist movement, the indigenous Zapatista movement in Mexico and the anti-capitalist protests in Genoa in 2001. The movement becomes global: from 1968 to 2001 The resurgence of a global movement against neoliberal globalisation in the late 1990s resonated with the global movement of 1968.14 While these two movements appeared and evolved in different historical and spatial contexts and had particular and distinct political agendas, they shared ideological affinities, common ideas, strategies and tactics. Long

in Photography and social movements
Reflections on contemporary anarchism, anti-capitalism and the international scene
Karen Goaman

visible expressions of the Anarchist Travelling Circus at economic summits and beyond are analysed in terms of their significance in allowing a central drama to unfold; as examples of ‘modern pilgrimages’ with the capacity to defamiliarise the familiar; and as examples of an unlicensed carnival by inversion. Anarchism is a central characteristic of the ‘anti-capitalist/anti-globalisation’ movement, though much of the mainstream Left has had trouble acknowledging this. Another central feature of the anti-capitalist movement is the significance of grassroots movements of

in Changing anarchism