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From the globalisation of the movement (1968) to the movement against globalisation (2001)
Author: Antigoni Memou

Throughout its brief history, photography has had a close relationship to social movements. From the Commune of Paris in 1871, the first political uprising to be captured by camera, to the 1990s anti-globalisation movement, the photographic medium has played a crucial role in political struggles. The book reflects critically on the theory of photography and the social movements themselves. It draws on a range of humanities disciplines, including photography theory and history, social movement theory, political theory, cultural history, visual culture, media studies and the history and theory of art. The book takes as a starting point 1968 - a year that witnessed an explosion of social movements worldwide and has been interpreted as a turning point for political practice and theory. The finishing point is 2001 - a signpost for international politics due to September 11 and a significant year for the movement because of the large-scale anti-capitalist protests in Genoa. Within these chronological limits, the book focuses on a selection of distinctive instances in which the photographic medium intersects with the political struggle. The three case studies are not the only pertinent examples, by any means, but they are important ones, not only historically and politically, but also iconographically. They are the student and worker uprising in France in May 1968 and two moments of the contemporary anti-capitalist movement, the indigenous Zapatista movement in Mexico and the anti-capitalist protests in Genoa in 2001.

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European integration and globalisation
Andrew W.M. Smith

7 A world of wine: European integration and globalisation The meaningful narrative of the CRAV’s history ends in 1992 with the condemnation of CRAV activists as ‘terrorists’ by Colonel Weber. Yet it is also possible to connect the CRAV and the Défense movement into the larger anti-globalisation movement in France and demonstrate the bonds between the core of the CRAV in 1992 and the broader ‘new peasant left’. The CRAV did not fade away in 1992 nor did the problems of the Midi viticole neatly resolve themselves.1 Indeed, the overarching narrative of the

in Terror and terroir
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Antigoni Memou

Conclusion T h e global wave of mobilisations that emerged in the late 1990s and challenged the dominance of neoliberalism bore considerable similarities with the student and worker opposition to the dominant political order in France in 1968. While May ’68 and the anti-globalisation movement were symptoms of and were formed by specific historical and socio-political conditions, they both interrupted periods of prosperity for Western capitalist societies, challenging the stability of the dominant system. The two movements also shared common elements in terms of

in Photography and social movements
Saul Newman

, activist networks and protest movements that come under the rather inadequate heading of the ‘anti-globalisationmovement,1 can be seen as an example of a new form of radical politics that calls into question the current state capitalist global order and the neo-liberal ideology which animates it. Moreover, this ‘movement’ or ‘movement of movements’ – as activists like to refer to it – represents new forms of political subjectivity, ethics and practice that go beyond both the class paradigms of Marxism and the identity politics of the ‘new social movements’. In this

in Unstable universalities
Reflections on contemporary anarchism, anti-capitalism and the international scene
Karen Goaman

visible expressions of the Anarchist Travelling Circus at economic summits and beyond are analysed in terms of their significance in allowing a central drama to unfold; as examples of ‘modern pilgrimages’ with the capacity to defamiliarise the familiar; and as examples of an unlicensed carnival by inversion. Anarchism is a central characteristic of the ‘anti-capitalist/anti-globalisationmovement, though much of the mainstream Left has had trouble acknowledging this. Another central feature of the anti-capitalist movement is the significance of grassroots movements of

in Changing anarchism
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Saul Newman

emerging today that present fundamental challenges to the way we think about radical politics and which call into question this perhaps over-hasty dismissal of a universal idea of emancipation. The first is the so-called ‘war on terror’ and the new forms of power, domination and ideology that are emerging with it. The second is what is broadly termed the ‘anti-globalisationmovement, which is still in its nascent state, and which already represents a significant political challenge to global capitalism. The third issue – perhaps less concrete than the previous too, yet

in Unstable universalities
Poststructuralism and radical politics
Author: Saul Newman

How do we think about radical politics today, in the wake of the collapse of Marxist-Leninism and the triumph of neo-liberal capitalism? How should radical political theory respond to new challenges posed by globalisation, postmodernity, the ‘war on terror’ and the rise of religious fundamentalism? How are we to take account of the new social movements and political struggles appearing on the global horizon? In addressing these questions, this book explores the theme of universality and its place in radical political theory. It argues that both Marxist politics of class struggle and the postmodern politics of difference have reached their historical and political limits, and that what is needed is a new approach to universality, a new way of thinking about collective politics. By exploring various themes and ideas within poststructuralist and post-Marxist theory, the book develops a new approach to universality — one that has implications for politics today, particularly on questions of power, subjectivity, ethics and democracy. In so doing, it engages in debates with thinkers such as Laclau, Žižek, Badiou and Rancière over the future of radical politics. The book also applies theoretical insights to contemporary events such as the emergence of the anti-globalisation movement, the ‘war on terrorism’, the rise of anti-immigrant racism and the nihilistic violence that lurks at the margins of the political.

Marc James Léger

anything, it breaks with the established circuits of the art world, along with its usual methods of art description, evaluation and consecration. The exhibition A World Where Many Worlds Fit , a presentation of anti-globalisation protest artworks curated by the Austrian artist Oliver Ressler, provided an opportunity to reflect on the stakes of contemporary anti-capitalist art, especially as the latter coalesced around the anti-globalisation movement. First shown in the context of the 2008 Taipei Biennial and in 2010 at the Foreman Art Gallery of Bishop’s University in

in Vanguardia
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Antigoni Memou

Introduction T h r o u g h o u t its brief history, photography has had a close relationship to social movements. From the Commune of Paris in 1871, the first political uprising to be captured by camera, to the 1990s anti-globalisation movement, the photographic medium has played a crucial role in political struggles.1 The camera’s presence at very important moments of political resistance resulted in some of the best-known photographs in the history of twentieth-century photography. Some of these photographs transcended the historical and geographical

in Photography and social movements
Death and press photography in the anti-capitalist protests in Genoa 2001
Antigoni Memou

protesters stand between barricades and smoke and the title reads ‘The road to anarchy’.39 In the majority of the photographs published on these days, the policemen are not visible. Neither are the thousands of protesters who were in Genoa 59 Photography and social movements 11 Daily Telegraph, 21 July 2001, p. 1 (© Telegraph Media Group Limited 2001) 60 Press photography and Genoa 2001 and demonstrated peacefully. This is indicative of the ideology pervading the media today, which prioritises commerciality. Any ‘serious’ analysis of the anti-globalisation movement is

in Photography and social movements