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The Radcliffe boundary commission and the partition of Punjab
Author: Lucy P. Chester

This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.

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Culture and memory after the Armistice
Editors: Trudi Tate and Kate Kennedy

This book revisits the end of the First World War to ask how that moment of silence was to echo into the following decades. It looks at the history from a different angle, asking how British and German creative artists addressed, questioned and remembered the Armistice and its silence. The book offers a genuinely interdisciplinary study, bringing together contributions from scholars in art history, music, literature and military history. It is unique in its comparison of the creative arts of both sides; assessing responses to the war in Britain, Germany and Austria. Together, the different chapters offer a rich diversity of methodological approaches, including archival research, historical analysis, literary and art criticism, musical analysis and memory studies. The chapters reconsider some well-known writers and artists to offer fresh readings of their works. These sit alongside a wealth of lesser-known material, such as the popular fiction of Philip Gibbs and Warwick Deeping and the music of classical composer Arthur Bliss. The wide-ranging discussions encompass such diverse subjects as infant care, sculpture, returned nurses, war cemeteries, Jewish identity, literary journals, soldiers' diaries and many other topics. Together they provide a new depth to our understanding of the cultural effects of the war and the Armistice. Finally, the book has a recuperative impulse, bringing to light rare and neglected materials, such as the letters of ordinary German and British soldiers, and Alfred Doblin's Armistice novel.

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Re-evaluating the AFL
Naomi Paxton

involving the League and League members, and a significant number of issues of the WSPU paper Votes for Women, the Women’s Freedom League (WFL) paper The Vote and the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) paper The Common Cause have been scanned and are available for free online, as are hundreds of other contemporary newspapers and journals.14 Jacky Bratton and Grant Tyler Peterson’s notion of a ‘digital historian’ complements more traditional archival research methodologies –​the AFL archives held by the Women’s Library and Bristol Theatre Collection have

in Stage Rights!
Open Access (free)
Lara Apps and Andrew Gow

political/ideological agendas (not limited to feminist scholars) and a priori assumptions are permitted to predetermine how early modern evidence is read and what conclusions are drawn from it. In the second chapter, we began the work of unpacking conventional wisdom about witchcraft and gender. First, we presented data, synthesised from other scholars’ archival research, that showed wide variation in the

in Male witches in early modern Europe
Jesse Adams Stein

documentation and media reports related to the Gov always describe the building as being purpose-built as a printing factory designed by Parkes.55 There may still be some merit to the hospital rumour. There are obvious formal connections with European modernist institutional design, including the use of strip windows, high ceilings, central corridors and the provision of light and air. Archival research reveals that in 1938, while Parkes was in hospital recovering from a hernia operation, he read in the Sydney Morning Herald that the Minister for Health, Lt Herbert Fitzsimons

in Hot metal
Brian Jackson

Catholic life in postreformation Ireland, a perception that informed subsequent historians of the period, both clerical and lay, including Myles Ronan, Timothy Corcoran and Robin Dudley Edwards. The historical writings of Hogan, Ronan, Corcoran, Corboy and Dudley Edwards, although grounded in meticulous archival research, all have a common rhetorical thread: they are faith narratives. And in each of these histories the story of the fortunes of the Catholic Church in Ireland has been explicitly, and with single-minded determination, bound to the formation of a single

in Irish Catholic identities
Crossing boundaries and negotiating the cultural landscape
Author: Janice Norwood

Victorian touring actresses: Crossing boundaries and negotiating the cultural landscape provides a new perspective on the on- and offstage lives of women working in nineteenth-century theatre, and affirms the central role of touring, both within the United Kingdom and in North America and Australasia. Drawing on extensive archival research, it features a cross-section of neglected performers whose dramatic specialisms range from tragedy to burlesque. Although they were employed as stars in their own time, their contribution to the industry has largely been forgotten. The book’s innovative organisation follows a natural lifecycle, enabling a detailed examination of the practical challenges and opportunities typically encountered by the actress at each stage of her working life. Individual experiences are scrutinised to highlight the career implications of strategies adopted to cope with the demands of the profession, the physical potential of the actress’s body, and the operation of gendered power on and offstage. Analysis is situated in a wide contextual framework and reveals how reception and success depended on the performer’s response to the changing political, economic, social and cultural landscape as well as to developments in professional practice and organisation. The book concludes with discussion of the legacies of the performers, linking their experiences to the present-day situation.

Kevin Colls, William Mitchell and Paul Edmondson

After comprehensive archival research and archaeological interpretation, new artistic representations of New Place during Shakespeare’s ownership have been created by Phillip Watson ( Figures 5.12 – 16 , Plate 14 ). The results represent the most detailed and accurate impressions of New Place to date and illustrate the most likely version of the house as it may have been during Shakespeare’s occupancy

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place
Open Access (free)
Lesbian citizenship and filmmaking in Sweden in the 1970s
Ingrid Ryberg

in the 1970s and 1980s. Undertaking a close reading of the two films’ funding processes in this chapter, I  investigate the ambiguous sexual citizenship (Bell and Binnie, 2000; Evans, 1993) shaped by the interplay between formal sexual policymaking and lesbian film production in Sweden at a moment in time when  196 196 Vulnerability and cultural policy homosexuality was on the threshold of becoming recognised as a civil rights issue. Drawing from original archival research and interviews, I shed light on the rhetorical twists and euphemisms through which

in The power of vulnerability
Travellers in Britain in the twentieth century
Author: Becky Taylor

This book is a history of Britain's travelling communities in the twentieth century, drawing together detailed archival research at local and national levels to explore the impact of state and legislative developments on Travellers, as well as their experience of missions, education, war and welfare. It also covers legal developments affecting Travellers, whose history, it argues, must not be dealt with in isolation but as part of a wider history of British minorities. The book will be of interest to scholars and students concerned with minority groups, the welfare state and the expansion of government.