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The Radcliffe boundary commission and the partition of Punjab

This book is the first full-length study of the 1947 drawing of the Indo-Pakistani boundary in Punjab. It uses the Radcliffe commission, headed by Sir Cyril Radcliffe , as a window onto the decolonisation and independence of India and Pakistan. Examining the competing interests that influenced the actions of the various major players, the book highlights British efforts to maintain a grip on India even as the decolonisation process spun out of control. It examines the nature of power relationships within the colonial state, with a focus on the often-veiled exertion of British colonial power. With conflict between Hindus , Muslims and Sikhs reaching unprecedented levels in the mid-1940s , British leaders felt compelled to move towards decolonization. The partition was to be perceived as a South Asian undertaking, with British officials acting only as steady and impartial guides. Radcliffe's use of administrative boundaries reinforced the impact of imperial rule. The boundaries that Radcliffe defined turned out to be restless divisions, and in both the 1965 and 1971 wars India and Pakistan battled over their Punjabi border. After the final boundary, known as the 'Radcliffe award', was announced, all sides complained that Radcliffe had not taken the right 'other factors' into account. Radcliffe's loyalty to British interests is key to understanding his work in 1947. Drawing on extensive archival research in India, Pakistan and Britain, combined with innovative use of cartographic sources, the book paints a vivid picture of both the partition process and the Radcliffe line's impact on Punjab.

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The Gendered Politics of Publication of Mary Fletcher’s Auto/Biography
Carol Blessing

This article focuses on the representation of Methodist preacher Mary Bosanquet Fletcher (1739–1815) in her biography by the Revd Henry Moore. His omissions and commentary served to neutralise some of her more radical ideas and early feminism, which can be discovered by reading her manuscript journals, as well as the manuscript correspondence between Mary Tooth, keeper of Mary Fletcher’s papers, and Henry Moore. The product of archival research in the Methodist collections at the John Rylands Library in Manchester, this article owes a great debt to archivists Dr Peter Nockles and Dr Gareth Lloyd.

Bulletin of the John Rylands Library
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Culture and memory after the Armistice
Editors: and

This book revisits the end of the First World War to ask how that moment of silence was to echo into the following decades. It looks at the history from a different angle, asking how British and German creative artists addressed, questioned and remembered the Armistice and its silence. The book offers a genuinely interdisciplinary study, bringing together contributions from scholars in art history, music, literature and military history. It is unique in its comparison of the creative arts of both sides; assessing responses to the war in Britain, Germany and Austria. Together, the different chapters offer a rich diversity of methodological approaches, including archival research, historical analysis, literary and art criticism, musical analysis and memory studies. The chapters reconsider some well-known writers and artists to offer fresh readings of their works. These sit alongside a wealth of lesser-known material, such as the popular fiction of Philip Gibbs and Warwick Deeping and the music of classical composer Arthur Bliss. The wide-ranging discussions encompass such diverse subjects as infant care, sculpture, returned nurses, war cemeteries, Jewish identity, literary journals, soldiers' diaries and many other topics. Together they provide a new depth to our understanding of the cultural effects of the war and the Armistice. Finally, the book has a recuperative impulse, bringing to light rare and neglected materials, such as the letters of ordinary German and British soldiers, and Alfred Doblin's Armistice novel.

Open Access (free)
Lewis Hine’s Photographs of Refugees for the American Red Cross, 1918–20
Sonya de Laat

majority of Hine’s photographs go uncredited in ARC publications. Identification and confirmation of Hine’s ARC photographs has since been determined by comparison of his stylistic characteristics, his known travel routes while in Europe, by cross reference with reproductions in at least one other contemporaneous publication in which Hine is given credit, and with the provenance provided by various archives. 6 Through archival research, I have successfully identified some 18–20 photographs of Hine’s in the ARC Magazine from 1918 to 1920 and ten to twelve additional

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
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Re-evaluating the AFL
Naomi Paxton

involving the League and League members, and a significant number of issues of the WSPU paper Votes for Women, the Women’s Freedom League (WFL) paper The Vote and the National Union of Women’s Suffrage Societies (NUWSS) paper The Common Cause have been scanned and are available for free online, as are hundreds of other contemporary newspapers and journals.14 Jacky Bratton and Grant Tyler Peterson’s notion of a ‘digital historian’ complements more traditional archival research methodologies –​the AFL archives held by the Women’s Library and Bristol Theatre Collection have

in Stage Rights!
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Water cultures and city life
Les Back

converted bedrooms of the bathhouse manager’s flat. My affection for this building has been driven by a fascination with its social history. This chapter is based on archival research, oral histories and written reminiscences that have been collected over twenty years through living and working in this place. I want to show the paradoxes of city life, like the unresolved tensions between regulation and resistance, through documenting the history of this grand old building and the forms of social life housed there

in Living with water
Open Access (free)
Lara Apps
Andrew Gow

political/ideological agendas (not limited to feminist scholars) and a priori assumptions are permitted to predetermine how early modern evidence is read and what conclusions are drawn from it. In the second chapter, we began the work of unpacking conventional wisdom about witchcraft and gender. First, we presented data, synthesised from other scholars’ archival research, that showed wide variation in the

in Male witches in early modern Europe
Jesse Adams Stein

documentation and media reports related to the Gov always describe the building as being purpose-built as a printing factory designed by Parkes.55 There may still be some merit to the hospital rumour. There are obvious formal connections with European modernist institutional design, including the use of strip windows, high ceilings, central corridors and the provision of light and air. Archival research reveals that in 1938, while Parkes was in hospital recovering from a hernia operation, he read in the Sydney Morning Herald that the Minister for Health, Lt Herbert Fitzsimons

in Hot metal
Brian Jackson

Catholic life in postreformation Ireland, a perception that informed subsequent historians of the period, both clerical and lay, including Myles Ronan, Timothy Corcoran and Robin Dudley Edwards. The historical writings of Hogan, Ronan, Corcoran, Corboy and Dudley Edwards, although grounded in meticulous archival research, all have a common rhetorical thread: they are faith narratives. And in each of these histories the story of the fortunes of the Catholic Church in Ireland has been explicitly, and with single-minded determination, bound to the formation of a single

in Irish Catholic identities
Kevin Colls
William Mitchell
, and
Paul Edmondson

After comprehensive archival research and archaeological interpretation, new artistic representations of New Place during Shakespeare’s ownership have been created by Phillip Watson ( Figures 5.12 – 16 , Plate 14 ). The results represent the most detailed and accurate impressions of New Place to date and illustrate the most likely version of the house as it may have been during Shakespeare’s occupancy

in Finding Shakespeare’s New Place