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Parties, ideology and culture

This book provides a clear and accessible guide to the essential features of interwar British fascism. It focuses on the various fascist parties, fascist personalities and fascist ideologies. The book also looks at British culture and develops the knowledge of undergraduate students by providing a solid source of background material on this important area of interwar British history. The focus on fascist culture throws new light on the character of native fascism and suggests a potentially rich vein of new enquiry for scholars of British fascism. The book considers the membership strength of Britain's interwar fascist parties. The ideas of racial Social-Darwinism influenced British fascism in a number of ways. To begin with, hereditarian ideas and biological determinist models contributed to the emergence of racial theories of anti-semitism. The anti-semitism of the Imperial Fascist League was of a very different order from that of the British fascism. Moreover, to Britain's fascists, artistic modernism, with its creative use of distortion, disintegrative images and general disdain for the traditional discipline of the art form, made a virtue of deformity. The search to uncover the anti-liberal and anti-capitalist pre-fascist lineage would become a highly subjective exercise in invention and take the fascists on an imaginative journey deep into the British past.

British fascism and artistic modernism
Thomas Linehan

’s fascists were more unambiguously anti-modern than in any other area of their thinking. 3 The first shock-waves of artistic modernism in fact were felt in Britain before the onset of the Great War, with a number of native painters who eventually collaborated in the Camden Town Group, notably Spencer Gore, Harold Gilman, Charles Ginner and the older painter Walter Sickart, producing work which was distinctly Post-Impressionist in flavour. 4 Vorticism also hit the British cultural scene in 1912. Vorticism was an authentic ‘home-grown’ modernist movement. The Vorticists

in British Fascism 1918-39
Peter J. Martin

analysts dissect it, or Cambridge University Press publish Adlington’s book?) These beliefs, in turn, may be seen to be derived from a more general ideology of artistic modernism which legitimates this work and the activities of figures such as Birtwistle. From a sociological perspective, it is this discourse, this framework of legitimation, and the claims and activities it licenses, which are of primary analytical interest, rather than ‘the music’ itself. Cases such as that of Birtwistle’s music, where questions of meaning and interpretation are constantly foregrounded

in Music and the sociological gaze
Abstract only
Vanesa Rodríguez-Galindo

visual devices being used and the elusive relationship between representation and truth. Considering audiences’ visual literacy and knowledge of the gestures of costumbrismo, these chapters stepped away from readings that understand social types as hackneyed, nostalgic figures hindering the adoption of modernist art and avant-garde styles. Instead, I have attempted to shed light on their popularity into the twentieth century by acknowledging their informative nature (rather than placing them in the history of artistic modernism) and their fundamental role in building

in Madrid on the move
Abstract only
Christian Kravagna

dimension of modernism, which feels more obvious to us today than it did two or three decades ago, and to comprehend the global multiplication of artistic modernisms, it is necessary to start from those historical constellations in which transcultural modernisms not only took shape for the first time but were also understood as such by their protagonists and placed in a critical relationship to the prevailing model of the colonial diffusion of a particular Western concept of modernism. The concept of the transmodern

in Transmodern
David Murphy
Patrick Williams

corners of the world is often held up as a damning indictment of modernity, which would seem clearly to align the postcolonial with the postmodern. It is often argued that anticolonial African cultural production was inspired by a desire to create both an African modernity – emerging African nations creating the structures of the modern, rational, democratic and industrialised nation state – and an African artistic modernism

in Postcolonial African cinema
Open Access (free)
An epilogue
Saurabh Dube

all been crucial to my understandings of modernisms in India. 2 Adorno, Minima Moralia , p. 208. 3 Sanjukta Sunderason, “Making art modern: re-visiting artistic modernism in South Asia,” in Dube (ed.), Modern Makeovers , p. 246

in Subjects of modernity
Open Access (free)
Pleasantville and the textuality of media memory
Paul Grainge

Pleasantville: artistic Modernism, the sexual revolution, the subcultural radicalism of rock ‘n’ roll and jazz, the burgeoning impact of feminism and civil rights protest. These libertarian, or maverick, symbols are then set against a rag-bag of right-wing invocations, also played out as part of the community’s unfolding civic drama. These range from Kristallnacht and fascist book burning to McCarthyite

in Memory and popular film
Exoticism, mysticism, and the East in Kazimir Malevich’s early works
Maria Taroutina

discourse problematic, resulting in its frequent othering.” 39 And yet, it is clear that at the turn of the century the nexus of theosophy, Buddhism, and Indian, East and Southeast Asian spiritual and material cultures produced a formidable undercurrent in Russian artistic modernism in general and in the work of Malevich in particular—one that espoused a hybrid, syncretic, and enchanted modernity as much as a disenchanted, mechanical, and rational one, propagated by subsequent Euro-American avant-garde movements which came

in Russian Orientalism in a global context
Alfred Hitchcock and Anthony Asquith
Tom Ryall

’s The Manxman (1929) and Anthony Asquith’s A Cottage on Dartmoor (1929), can be spoken of in the same breath as the French and German films as films that are ‘modernistic, experimenting with the possibilities of silent film narrative in an epoch of artistic modernism’. 7 In a similar vein, Ian Christie includes A Cottage on Dartmoor in an article on key silent films drawn from an ‘international repertoire’ which includes work by leading European directors of the 1920s such as F. W. Murnau, G. W. Pabst, René Clair, Luis Buñuel and Carl Dreyer. 8

in British art cinema