This is a comprehensive study of US policy towards China during the presidency of Lyndon Baines Johnson, a critical phase of the Cold War immediately preceding the dramatic Sino-American rapprochement of the early 1970s. Based on a wide array of recently declassified government documents, it challenges the popular view that Johnson's approach to China was marked by stagnation and sterility, exploring the administration's relationship to both the Vietnam War and the Cultural Revolution. By documenting Johnson's contributions to the decision-making process, the book offers a new perspective on both his capacity as a foreign-policy leader and his role in the further development of the Cold War.
The first British Methodist missionaries came to Upper Burma in 1887 and the last left in 1966. They were known as 'Wesleyans' before 1932 and afterwards as 'Methodists'. This book is a study of the ambitions, activities and achievements of Methodist missionaries in northern Burma from 1887-1966 and the expulsion of the last missionaries by Ne Win. Henry Venn, the impeccably evangelical Secretary of the Church Missionary Society (CMS), was the most distinguished and inspiring of nineteenth-century mission administrators. Wesleyan missionaries often found property development more congenial than saving souls. In Pakokku in December 1905, a 'weak' American missionary from Myingyan and a couple of Baptist Burman government officials began 'totally immersing' Wesleyans. Proselytism was officially frowned upon in the Indian Empire. The Wesley high schools were extraordinarily successful during the early years of the twentieth century. The Colonial Government was investing heavily in education. A bamboo curtain descended on Upper Burma in May 1942. Wesley Church Mandalay was gutted during the bombing raids of April 1942 and the Japanese requisitioned the Mission House and the Girls High School soon afterwards. General Ne Win was ruthlessly radical in 1962. By April 1964 Bishop was the last 'front-line' Methodist missionary in Upper Burma and the last European of any sort in Monywa. The book pulls together the themes of conflict, politics and proselytisation in to a fascinating study of great breadth.
A bamboocurtain descended on Upper Burma in May 1942.
Little news filtered in or out. The warp and weft of everyday civilian life during the
Japanese occupation is something of a mystery. In 1945 Rev. Stanley Vincent compiled an
important booklet, Out of Great Tribulation , containing the wartime recollections of
Burmese Methodists. 1 Two army chaplains
(Acheson and Brown-Moffett) wrote brief accounts of separate visits they had made to the Chin
States during 1944. In August 1945 Rev. U Po Tun wrote a long
following year, the Chinese authorities would extend a surprising invitation to the US Table Tennis team, who were on a tour of Japan. They were the first invited American visitors to China since the cessation of diplomatic and economic ties in 1949; their journey behind the bamboocurtain gave rise to the term ‘Ping-Pong Diplomacy’, and laid the foundations for the visit, the following year, of Secretary of State Henry Kissinger. In what would become a familiar tour for those who arrived on official business in the coming years, the Chinese authorities guided the
Yet the bamboocurtain in the late 1950s and early 1960s
was more transparent and less forbidding than Europe’s iron
curtain, as Eric Ambler told in his Passage of Arms (London,
1959). In this amusing and well-told tale about gun-running to
Indonesia, Ambler’s American businessman, doing the tourist run in
Hong Kong, was surprised at the colony’s defencelessness and the
The Ocean group in East and Southeast Asia, c. 1945–73
Nicholas J. White
professional secretary of the union with his ‘obviously
political’ interests. 54 Fearing that any further democratisation
would ensure that the Chinese-majority island slipped behind the
‘BambooCurtain’, and take mainland Malaya with it, Hobhouse
demanded in March 1956 that a wider franchise or greater measure of
self-government would have to be refused ‘at present’, and
that British responsibility for
1949–1970 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1971); Priscilla Roberts, Behind the BambooCurtain: China, Vietnam, and the Cold War (Stanford: Stanford University Press, 2006); Matthew Rothwell, Transpacific Revolutionaries: The Chinese Revolution in Latin American (New York: Routledge, 2013).
42 John Lewis Gaddis, We Now Know: Rethinking Cold War History (New York: Oxford University Press, 1998) and The Cold War: A New History (New York: Penguin, 2007); Christina Klein, Cold War Orientalism: Asia in the Middlebrow Imagination 1945
Action/WEAD,’ BambooCurtain Studio Newsletter (3 December 2014).
40 Jason W. Moore, ed., Anthropocene or Capitalocene? Nature, History, and the
Crisis of Capitalism (Oakland: PM Press, 2016), 51.
42 Patty Chang, The Wandering Lake (New York: Queens Museum and Dancing
Foxes Press, 2017), 31; and from the exhibition materials for Patty Chang: The
Wandering Lake 2009–2017, 18 February 2018 at the Queens Museum.
43 Chang, The Wandering Lake, 66.
44 Luce Irigaray, ‘The “Mechanics” of Fluids,’ This Sex Which is Not One, tr. Catherine
(eco)feminist interpellations of Chineseness in the work of Yuk King Tan,
Cao Fei, and Wu Mali
Jane Chin Davidson
Mali, ‘Ecofeminism: Art as Environment – A
Cultural Action/WEAD,’ BambooCurtain Studio Newsletter (3 December 2014).
60 Shao, ‘Interview with Wu Mali.’
62 The Inside Out: New Chinese Art was organized by the Asia Society Galleries and
the San Francisco Museum of Modern Art, debuting at the Asia Society Galleries,
New York, and P.S. 1, Long Island, New York, 15 September 1998.
63 See Cindy Sui, ‘Taiwan Kuomintang: Revisiting the White Terror Years,’ BBC
News Taipei (13 March 2016), www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-35723603 (accessed
20 December 2018).