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The Cypriot Mule corps, imperial loyalty and silenced memory

Most Cypriots and British today do not know that Cypriots even served in the Great War. This book contributes to the growing literature on the role of the British non-settler empire in the Great War by exploring the service of the Cypriot Mule Corps on the Salonica Front, and after the war in Constantinople. This book speaks to a number of interlocking historiographies, contributing to various debates especially around enlistment/volunteerism, imperial loyalty and veterans' issues. At the most basic level, it reconstructs the story of Cypriot Mule Corps' contribution, of transporting wounded men and supplies to the front, across steep mountains, with dangerous ravines and in extreme climates. The book argues that Cypriot mules and mule drivers played a pivotal role in British logistics in Salonica and Constantinople, especially the former. It explores the impact of the war on Cypriot socio-economic conditions, particularly of so many men serving abroad on the local economy and society. The issues that arose for the British in relation to the contracts they offered the Cypriots, contracts offered to the muleteers, and problems of implementing the promise of an allotment scheme are also discussed. Behavioural problems one finds with military corps, such as desertion and crime, were not prevalent in the Cypriot Mule Corps. The book also explores the impact of death and incapacity on veterans and dependants, looking at issues that veterans faced after returning and resettling into Cypriot life.

Sue Wheatcroft

foster parents, as indecent and wicked. He believed that this change in attitude in adults, by suddenly reacting differently to actions which the child had regarded as normal, caused emotional disturbances.61 It was recognised early on that treatment on an out-­patient basis would not be sufficient to meet the needs of all emotionally disturbed children. Less than a month after the outbreak of the Second World War the Board of Education held a meeting with members of two of London’s CGCs to discuss behaviour problems amongst evacuated children.62 Two types of

in Worth saving
Andrekos Varnava

chapters they were not afraid to complain when they felt the harsh hand of British injustice. Desertion Behavioural problems one finds with military corps, such as desertion and crime, were not prevalent in the Cypriot Mule Corps. Desertion is faced by all military units, whether personnel were in a war because of conscription or because they volunteered, and usually it is the

in Serving the empire in the Great War
Bryan Fanning

difficulties were disproportionately concentrated alongside children with learning difficulties. The generally used indicator distinguishes where more than 10 percent of pupils in a school have literacy and numeracy problems, emotional/behavioural problems and absenteeism. Newcomers comprised on average 8.3 percent of pupils in schools where more than 10 percent of pupils had behavioural problems, a figure likely to be much higher in many particular cases because 44 percent of schools were found to have no newcomer pupils at all. One way of contextualising this ‘10 percent

in Immigration and social cohesion in the Republic of Ireland
Bussing, race and urban space, 1960s–80s
Author: Olivier Esteves

In 1960–62, a large number of white autochthonous parents in Southall became very concerned that the sudden influx of largely non-Anglophone Indian immigrant children in local schools would hold back their children’s education. It was primarily to placate such fears that ‘dispersal’ (or ‘bussing’) was introduced in areas such as Southall and Bradford, as well as to promote the integration of mostly Asian children. It consisted in sending busloads of immigrant children to predominantly white suburban schools, in an effort to ‘spread the burden’. This form of social engineering went on until the early 1980s. This book, by mobilising local and national archival material as well as interviews with formerly bussed pupils in the 1960s and 1970s, reveals the extent to which dispersal was a flawed policy, mostly because thousands of Asian pupils were faced with racist bullying on the playgrounds of Ealing, Bradford, etc. It also investigates the debate around dispersal and the integration of immigrant children, e.g. by analysing the way some Local Education Authorities (Birmingham, London) refused to introduce bussing. It studies the various forms that dispersal took in the dozen or so LEAs where it operated. Finally, it studies local mobilisations against dispersal by ethnic associations and individuals. It provides an analysis of debates around ‘ghetto schools’, ‘integration’, ‘separation’, ‘segregation’ where quite often the US serves as a cognitive map to make sense of the English situation.

European military history and human universals
Gregory Hanlon

behaviour in order to forestall killing on a massive scale. Man is akin to many species of animals in fighting his own species. War among humans is instrumental, not pathological. In man and animals, aggression rarely occurs in pure form. It is clearly adaptive, designed to foster the survival of the species in its specific locale by defending territory or by seizing resources from others in the face of resistance. Ignoring the questions of war’s survival value and evolution makes it impossible to arrive at an understanding of behavioural problems.6 Aggression is not an

in Early modern war narratives and the Revolt in the Low Countries
The sanatorium patient and sanatorium nursing, c. 1908–52
Martin S. McNamara and Gerard M. Fealy

the period; prescribed instruction for nursing tuberculosis cases referred to various aspects of the nurse’s role and responsibilities, including:  ‘nurse’s observations and report to medical officer’, ‘treatment of sputum and infective discharges’, ‘general symptomatic treatment and measures a nurse may take for relief of common symptoms’ and ‘psychological aspects and nurse’s attitude towards behaviour problems of [the] patient’. The syllabus also prescribed instruction in the wider public health aspects of preventing and treating tuberculosis, including ‘[the

in Histories of nursing practice
Marie Keenan

mined from the Growing Up in Ireland survey of over twenty thousand children and presented in 2013 show that poor children are over three times as likely to be obese at age three compared to better-off children, and similar patterns have been identified for mental health. A child’s psychological well-being is worse in lower-income families than in higher socio-economic groups. The risk of serious emotional and behavioural problems at age nine is also twice as high in the bottom half of income distribution. Health problems persist into adulthood, and the risk of

in Are the Irish different?
Bonnie Evans

generate ‘a comprehensive picture of “handicap” in a total population of children who lived in a defined geographical area’. The study had also sought to assess the need for social service provision for that population. Rutter et al. had defined ‘handicaps’ in three groups, namely: ‘intellectual or educational retardation, emotional or behavioural problems and chronic or recurrent

in The metamorphosis of autism
Angela McCarthy

instance was limited to New Zealand, where family members could nominate children to join them. Between 1948 and 1952 more than 500 children went to New Zealand under the Child Migration Scheme. By 1952 the scheme was discontinued, for which several reasons were posited, including high expectations of foster parents, difficult behavioural problems of many children, interference 78 by natural parents, and unsuitable foster parents. Such a focus, however, excludes the dominant flow of child migrants in the twentieth century: those who voyaged with or to their parents. The

in Personal narratives of Irish and Scottish migration, 1921–65