A Focus on Community Engagement

to End an Epidemic ( London : Zed Books ). Richardson , E. T. , Barrie , M. B. , Kelly , J. ( 2016 ), ‘ Biosocial Approaches to the 2013–2016 Ebola Pandemic ’, Health and Human Rights Journal , 18 : 1 , 115 – 28 , PMID

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
A governmental analysis

Recent years have witnessed a burgeoning international literature which seeks to analyse the construction of health and health policy through an analytical lens drawn from post-Foucauldian ideas of governmentality. This book is the first to apply the theoretical lens of post-Foucauldian governmentality to an analysis of health problems, practices, and policy in Ireland. Drawing on empirical examples related to childhood, obesity, mental health, smoking, ageing and others, it explores how specific health issues have been constructed as problematic and in need of intervention in the Irish State. The book focuses specifically on how Jean Jacques Rousseau's critical social theory and normative political theory meet as a conception of childhood. The 'biosocial' apparatus has recently been reconfigured through a policy framework called Healthy Ireland, the purpose of which is to 'reduce health inequalities' by 'empowering people and communities'. Child fatness continues to be framed as a pervasive and urgent issue in Irish society. In a novel departure in Irish public health promotion, the Stop the Spread (STS) campaign, free measuring tapes were distributed throughout Ireland to encourage people to measure their waists. A number of key characteristics of neoliberal governmentality, including the shift towards a market-based model of health; the distribution of power across a range of agents and agencies; and the increasing individualisation of health are discussed. One of the defining features of the Irish health system is the Universal Health Insurance and the Disability Act 2005.

Children’s health and biosocial power

2 Kevin Ryan Governing the future: children’s health and biosocial power Introduction When Michel Foucault began to develop the concept of biopolitics, he wrote that ‘a society’s “threshold of modernity” has been reached when the life of the species is wagered on its own political strategies’ (1998: 143). More recently, Giorgio Agamben has shown how this threshold is a zone of indeterminacy at the intersection of zoē, which is ‘bare’ metabolic life, and bios, or life that has been ‘clothed’ or cultivated by language and politics, thus amounting to a ‘form or

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland
Abstract only
Enslaved women and anti-slavery in the Caribbean

reproduction. It makes no sense to negate the anti-slavery importance of refusal in the area of fecundity, fertility and reproduction. Throughout the slavery period evidence indicates that enslaved women had extended their resistance network into bio-social zones associated with maternity. Child-bearing became politicised in ways that tore and tortured enslaved women to a degree that

in Gender and imperialism
Men’s views of sperm donation

their identity as fertile males. Adriana Petryna ( 2004 : 264) speaks of ‘new kinds of vulnerability’ that emerge as biotechnology enables the revelation of the possibilities and limits of the somatic self. Mohr discusses this in terms of biosocial subjectivation where biotechnological opportunities create new forms of disciplined subjects, led by somatic regulations that organizations such as donation clinics impose. Sperm donors, for example, are not supposed to have sex for between forty-eight and seventy-two hours before a donation. This precarizes their sexual

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Abstract only

In this volume we have considered how bodily interventions, and their seeking and their doing through intimate labour, produce bioprecarity. Using a range of very different examples we argue that to understand bioprecarity as we develop it in this volume means thinking through the ways in which the body, life, the production, maintenance and application of categories and intimate labour are entangled. This entanglement creates a complex biosociality (Mohr, 2018 ) far beyond those immediately involved. One reason for this entanglement relates to the threat to

in Bodily interventions and intimate labour
Introducing the governmentality turn

, school or workhouse – for those perceived to be a threat to the body politic, and requiring reform at the level of the individual body. In the second instance, there emerged a growing concern with the regulation of the population, a regulation that was made possible by the growth of human and economic sciences, demography and statistics. These sciences made the problems of populations calculable and knowable, whether in terms of their biosocial characteristics (expressed in terms of morbidity, mortality or fertility, for example) or their economic and/or social

in Reframing health and health policy in Ireland

sovereign consumer – they are still engaging with medical professionals, and there are ingrained habits on both sides of this encounter (Mol 2008). Furthermore, the status of patient is not necessarily one that cosmetic surgery recipients long to escape from, or even can escape from. While a trip abroad might offer a holiday from some sedimented social locations and relations, for many there is no magical transformation here – no miraculous emergence as, to use Charis Thompson’s (2011: 207) phrase, ‘empowered, neoliberal, biosocial citizens’, not least because, as

in Beautyscapes
Open Access (free)
Balance, malleability and anthropology: historical contexts

concerns about closer relations between biology and sociology has been that the latter will end up being colonized by the former … Criticisms [of sociobiology and evolutionary psychology] quite rightly focused on the naturalization of conservative and reactionary ideas about the origin of things like gender identities. Whether one is for or against opening dialogue with biology, it is possible to accept that biosocial science need not be shaped by those values. 61

in Balancing the self
Who are they? Experiences of children, mothers, families and post-conflict communities

manifestation, or violence with sexual manifestation’.73 Broadly following Jonathan Gottschall’s categorisation of explanatory patterns of wartime rape,74 the United Nations Office for the Coordination of Humanitarian Affairs (OCHA) recently identified four main theories which serve well as a basis of current understanding of the motivation for sexual violence in armed conflict: the gender inequality theory, the psycho-social and economic background theory, the strategic rape theory and the biosocial theory.75 Some of the thinking underlying these theories gives clues about

in Children born of war in the twentieth century