This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of images and representation in different borderscapes. It provides fresh insight into the ways in which borders, borderscapes and migration are imagined and narrated by offering new ways to approach the political aesthetics of the border. The case studies in the volume contribute to the methodological renewal of border studies and present ways of discussing cultural representations of borders and related processes. The case studies address the role of borders in narrative and images in literary texts, political and popular imagery, surveillance data, video art and survivor testimonies in a highly comparative range of geographical contexts ranging from northern Europe, via Mediterranean and Mexican–US borderlands to Chinese borderlands. The disciplinary approaches include critical theory, literary studies, social anthropology, media studies and political geography. The volume argues that borderlands and border-crossings (such as those by migrants) are present in public discourse and more private, everyday experience. This volume addresses their mediation through various stories, photographs, films and other forms. It suggests that narratives and images are part of the borderscapes in which border-crossings and bordering processes take place, contributing to the negotiation of borders in the public sphere. As the case studies show, narratives and images enable identifying various top-down and bottom-up discourses to be heard and make visible different minority groups and constituencies.
Deportation limbo traces the efforts of two Nordic welfare states, Denmark and Sweden, to address the so-called implementation gap in deportation enforcement. It offers an original, empirically grounded account of how often-futile, injurious policy measures devoted to pressuring non-deported people to leave are implemented and contested in practice. In doing so, it presents a critique of the widespread, normalised use of detention, encampment, and destitution, which routinely fail to enhance deportations while exposing deportable people to conditions that cause their premature death. The book takes the ‘deportation limbo’ as a starting point for exploring the violent nature of borders, the racial boundaries of welfare states, and the limits of state control over cross-border mobility. Building on unprecedented access to detention and deportation camps and migration offices in both countries, it presents ethnographic material capturing frontline officials’ tension-ridden efforts to regulate non-deported people using forced deportation, incarceration, encampment, and destitution. Using a continuum of state violence as the analytical lens, the book offers a uniquely comprehensive account of how the borders of Nordic welfare states are drawn through practices that subject racialised ‘others’ to expulsion, incarceration, and destitution. The book is the first to systematically document the renewed deportation turn in Denmark and Sweden, and to critically examine its implications: for the people targeted by intensified deportation measures, and for the individual officials, institutions, and societies enforcing them. It offers an important, critical contribution to current debates on the violence of deportation regimes, the politico-bureaucratic structures and practices that sustain them, and their human costs.
towards more impactful and inclusive conclusions and policies.
As well as its engagement with studies of reading, this book works
to hemispherically connect contemporary borderstudies, Indigenous
studies and the politics of recognition, critical race studies, queer
theory, postcolonial studies, and reception and audience theories.22
Bringing these separate but related fields together to examine work
by authors whose writing contests and resists claims by a particular
national context (in this case, the United States or Canada) works
to reframe our understanding of what
dimension as essential to borderstudies. A critical perspective emerges from the synthesis between the interdisciplinary field of borderstudies and longer-term historical studies of quarantine, contagion and sanitary controls on migrants and those who cross borders. These historical studies derive ultimately from a historical approach to public health, which represents a critique of bacteriology in that even if there is a uniform pathogen, there are historically contingent forms and demarcations. One might see an academic pedigree from Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) as a
‘The British do love their boundaries’, claims one educational website devoted to English vocabulary (Grant, 2013 ). As borderstudies scholarship highlights, drawing boundaries and ‘border making’ is ‘an old human practice’ (Popescu, 2012 : 7), and in recent years, there has been growing concern with borders again. However, although ‘the creation of places’, and, as a consequence borders, appears to be a natural process and geography seems to impose its own logic, borders are not natural phenomena, and their relevance is dependent on the meaning that humans
Migrating borders and moving times explores how crossing borders entails shifting time as well as changing geographical location. Space has long dominated the field of border studies, a prominence which the recent ‘spatial turn’ in social science has reinforced. This book challenges the classic analytical pre-eminence of ‘space’ by focusing on how ‘border time’ is shaped by, shapes and constitutes the borders themselves. Using original field data from Israel, northern Europe and Europe's south-eastern borders (Kosovo, Albania, Montenegro, Sarajevo, Lesbos), our contributors explore ‘everyday forms of border temporality’ – the ways in which people through their temporal practices manage, shape, represent and constitute the borders across which they move or at which they are made to halt. In these accounts, which are based on fine-tuned ethnographic research sensitive to historical depth and wider political-economic context and transformation, ‘moving’ is understood not only as mobility but as affect, where borders become not just something to be ‘crossed’ but something that is emotionally experienced and ‘felt’.
The subject of this volume is situated at the point of intersection of the
studies of medicalisation and border studies. The authors discuss borders as
sites where human mobility has been and is being controlled by biomedical means,
both historically and in the present. Three types of border control technologies
for preventing the spread of disease are considered: quarantine, containment and
the biomedical selection of migrants and refugees. These different types of
border control technologies are not exclusive of one another, nor do they
necessarily lead to total restrictions on movement. Instead of a simplifying
logic of exclusion–inclusion, this volume turns the focus towards the
multilayered entanglement of medical regimes in attempts at managing the
porosity of the borders. State and institutional responses to the COVID-19
pandemic provide evidence for the topicality of such attempts. Using
interdisciplinary approaches, the chapters scrutinise ways in which concerns and
policies of disease prevention shift or multiply borders, as well as connecting
or disconnecting places. The authors address several questions: to what degree
has containment for medical reasons operated as a bordering process in different
historical periods including the classical quarantine in the Mediterranean and
south-eastern Europe, in the Nazi-era, and in postcolonial UK? Moreover, do
understandings of disease and the policies for selecting migrants and refugees
draw on both border regimes and humanitarianism, and what factors put limits on
the technologies of selection?
Drawing upon the theory of domestication outlined in chapter 1, chapter 2 traces the history of family and borders across the British Empire from the early nineteenth century. This demonstrates how family was central to the making of the Empire and how this was tied to mobility. This chapter develops debates in migration and border studies by showing how borders were a key device of colonial and imperial rule. It shows how bordering formed around the management of undomesticated movement – that which either ran counter to the expansion of the state, emergent imperial capitalism, or the racialised-sexualised order of the colonial administration. This chapter shows that what we come to know as immigration policy/law was experimented with in the control of movement across imperial space before being institutionalised in the British metropole from 1905. The chapter also explores how immigration and citizenship law worked to arrange and dismantle intimacies of people moving from (ex)colonies to Britain throughout the mid/late twentieth century. This shows how bordering emerged and continues as a colonial project within Britain.
approaching the border, is our response to calls for interdisciplinarity in borderstudies, where humanities perspectives have been underrepresented (Brunet-Jailly, 2005 ; Newman, 2006a, 2006b ; Schimanski and Wolfe, 2009 ; Wilson and Donnan, 2012 ; Scott, 2012 ; Szary et al., 2016 ; Rosello and Wolfe, 2017 ). The chapters in this volume combine theory and specific case studies in order to attend to three pressing issues as to how images and narratives contribute to a political aesthetics of borders, through their focus on key sites where migration and borders remain
ability to prevent and control entry at the UK's physical border. Along with many other Member States, controlling access to the labour market and social security have long formed an integral part of the UK's immigration system. 37
When migrants arrive in Ireland or the UK from outside the EU this is only the beginning of what can be an arduous process of establishing a viable residency. As put in a 2017 report by the Centre for Cross BorderStudies