This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of images and representation in different borderscapes. It provides fresh insight into the ways in which borders, borderscapes and migration are imagined and narrated by offering new ways to approach the political aesthetics of the border. The case studies in the volume contribute to the methodological renewal of border studies and present ways of discussing cultural representations of borders and related processes. The case studies address the role of borders in narrative and images in literary texts, political and popular imagery, surveillance data, video art and survivor testimonies in a highly comparative range of geographical contexts ranging from northern Europe, via Mediterranean and Mexican–US borderlands to Chinese borderlands. The disciplinary approaches include critical theory, literary studies, social anthropology, media studies and political geography. The volume argues that borderlands and border-crossings (such as those by migrants) are present in public discourse and more private, everyday experience. This volume addresses their mediation through various stories, photographs, films and other forms. It suggests that narratives and images are part of the borderscapes in which border-crossings and bordering processes take place, contributing to the negotiation of borders in the public sphere. As the case studies show, narratives and images enable identifying various top-down and bottom-up discourses to be heard and make visible different minority groups and constituencies.
towards more impactful and inclusive conclusions and policies.
As well as its engagement with studies of reading, this book works
to hemispherically connect contemporary borderstudies, Indigenous
studies and the politics of recognition, critical race studies, queer
theory, postcolonial studies, and reception and audience theories.22
Bringing these separate but related fields together to examine work
by authors whose writing contests and resists claims by a particular
national context (in this case, the United States or Canada) works
to reframe our understanding of what
Sevasti Trubeta, Christian Promitzer, and Paul Weindling
dimension as essential to borderstudies. A critical perspective emerges from the synthesis between the interdisciplinary field of borderstudies and longer-term historical studies of quarantine, contagion and sanitary controls on migrants and those who cross borders. These historical studies derive ultimately from a historical approach to public health, which represents a critique of bacteriology in that even if there is a uniform pathogen, there are historically contingent forms and demarcations. One might see an academic pedigree from Rudolf Virchow (1821–1902) as a
‘The British do love their boundaries’, claims one educational website devoted to English vocabulary (Grant, 2013 ). As borderstudies scholarship highlights, drawing boundaries and ‘border making’ is ‘an old human practice’ (Popescu, 2012 : 7), and in recent years, there has been growing concern with borders again. However, although ‘the creation of places’, and, as a consequence borders, appears to be a natural process and geography seems to impose its own logic, borders are not natural phenomena, and their relevance is dependent on the meaning that humans
The subject of this volume is situated at the point of intersection of the
studies of medicalisation and border studies. The authors discuss borders as
sites where human mobility has been and is being controlled by biomedical means,
both historically and in the present. Three types of border control technologies
for preventing the spread of disease are considered: quarantine, containment and
the biomedical selection of migrants and refugees. These different types of
border control technologies are not exclusive of one another, nor do they
necessarily lead to total restrictions on movement. Instead of a simplifying
logic of exclusion–inclusion, this volume turns the focus towards the
multilayered entanglement of medical regimes in attempts at managing the
porosity of the borders. State and institutional responses to the COVID-19
pandemic provide evidence for the topicality of such attempts. Using
interdisciplinary approaches, the chapters scrutinise ways in which concerns and
policies of disease prevention shift or multiply borders, as well as connecting
or disconnecting places. The authors address several questions: to what degree
has containment for medical reasons operated as a bordering process in different
historical periods including the classical quarantine in the Mediterranean and
south-eastern Europe, in the Nazi-era, and in postcolonial UK? Moreover, do
understandings of disease and the policies for selecting migrants and refugees
draw on both border regimes and humanitarianism, and what factors put limits on
the technologies of selection?
Migrating borders and moving times explores how crossing borders entails shifting time as well as changing geographical location. Space has long dominated the field of border studies, a prominence which the recent ‘spatial turn’ in social science has reinforced. This book challenges the classic analytical pre-eminence of ‘space’ by focusing on how ‘border time’ is shaped by, shapes and constitutes the borders themselves. Using original field data from Israel, northern Europe and Europe's south-eastern borders (Kosovo, Albania, Montenegro, Sarajevo, Lesbos), our contributors explore ‘everyday forms of border temporality’ – the ways in which people through their temporal practices manage, shape, represent and constitute the borders across which they move or at which they are made to halt. In these accounts, which are based on fine-tuned ethnographic research sensitive to historical depth and wider political-economic context and transformation, ‘moving’ is understood not only as mobility but as affect, where borders become not just something to be ‘crossed’ but something that is emotionally experienced and ‘felt’.
Drawing upon the theory of domestication outlined in chapter 1, chapter 2 traces the history of family and borders across the British Empire from the early nineteenth century. This demonstrates how family was central to the making of the Empire and how this was tied to mobility. This chapter develops debates in migration and border studies by showing how borders were a key device of colonial and imperial rule. It shows how bordering formed around the management of undomesticated movement – that which either ran counter to the expansion of the state, emergent imperial capitalism, or the racialised-sexualised order of the colonial administration. This chapter shows that what we come to know as immigration policy/law was experimented with in the control of movement across imperial space before being institutionalised in the British metropole from 1905. The chapter also explores how immigration and citizenship law worked to arrange and dismantle intimacies of people moving from (ex)colonies to Britain throughout the mid/late twentieth century. This shows how bordering emerged and continues as a colonial project within Britain.
Bordering intimacy is a study of how borders and dominant forms of intimacy, such as family, are central to the governance of postcolonial states such as Britain. The book explores the connected history between contemporary border regimes and the policing of family with the role of borders under European and British empires. Building upon postcolonial, decolonial and black feminist theory, the investigation centres on how colonial bordering is remade in contemporary Britain through appeals to protect, sustain and make family life. Not only was family central to the making of colonial racism but claims to family continue to remake, shore up but also hide the organisation of racialised violence in liberal states. Drawing on historical investigations, the book investigates the continuity of colonial rule in numerous areas of contemporary government – family visa regimes, the policing of sham marriages, counterterror strategies, deprivation of citizenship, policing tactics, integration policy. In doing this, the book re-theorises how we think of the connection between liberal government, race, family, borders and empire. In using Britain as a case, this opens up further insights into the international/global circulations of liberal empire and its relationship to violence.
Deporting Black Britons provides an ethnographic account of deportation from the UK to Jamaica. It traces the painful stories of four men who were deported after receiving criminal convictions in the UK. For each of the men, all of whom had moved to the UK as children, deportation was lived as exile – from parents, partners, children and friends – and the book offers portraits of survival and hardship in both the UK and Jamaica. Based on over four years of research, Deporting Black Britons describes the human consequences of deportation, while situating deportation stories within the broader context of policy, ideology, law and violence. It examines the relationship between racism, criminalisation and immigration control in contemporary Britain, suggesting new ways of thinking about race, borders and citizenship in these anti-immigrant times. Ultimately, the book argues that these stories of exile and banishment should orient us in the struggle against violent immigration controls, in the UK and elsewhere.
Given the significant similarities and differences between the welfare states of Northern Europe and their reactions to the perceived 'refugee crisis' of 2015, the book focuses primarily on the three main cases of Denmark, Sweden and Germany. Placed in a wider Northern European context – and illustrated by those chapters that also discuss refugee experiences in Norway and the UK – the Danish, Swedish and German cases are the largest case studies of this edited volume. Thus, the book contributes to debates on the governance of non-citizens and the meaning of displacement, mobility and seeking asylum by providing interdisciplinary analyses of a largely overlooked region of the world, with two specific aims. First, we scrutinize the construction of the 2015 crisis as a response to the large influx of refugees, paying particular attention to the disciplinary discourses and bureaucratic structures that are associated with it. Second, we investigate refugees’ encounters with these bureaucratic structures and consider how these encounters shape hopes for building a new life after displacement. This allows us to show that the mobility of specific segments of the world’s population continues to be seen as a threat and a risk that has to be governed and controlled. Focusing on the Northern European context, our volume interrogates emerging policies and discourses as well as the lived experiences of bureaucratization from the perspective of individuals who find themselves the very objects of bureaucracies.