In 2020 the convergence of Brexit, COVID-19 and the ‘migrant crisis’ put Kent in the headlines as never before: images of refugees on beaches, lorries queued on the county’s motorways and the white cliffs of Dover crumbling into the sea were all used to support claims that severing ties with the EU was the best – or worst – thing the UK had ever done. In this coastal driftwork, Phil Hubbard considers the past, present and future of this corner of England, alighting on the key sites which symbolise the changing relationship between the UK and its continental neighbours. Moving from the geopolitics of the Channel Tunnel to the cultivation of oysters at Whitstable, from Derek Jarman’s celebrated garden at Dungeness to the art-fuelled gentrification of Margate, Borderland bridges geography, history and cultural studies to show how ideas of national identity and belonging take shape at the coast. In doing so, the author argues that the ongoing crises of global displacement, climate change and ecological disaster require an expansive geographical imagination, with the current fixation on the sovereignty of our national borders appearing increasingly futile at a time of rapid global change.
possibly mythical) manuscript copy of the sequel to William Hope Hodgson’s The House on the Borderland . In the company of the ‘eco-warrior’ Rhab Adnam (a version of Renchi Bicknell, the artist who shares the walk around the M25 in London Orbital ), Sileen performs a ‘triangulation’, on foot, between the traces of the church of St Mary Matfellon in Whitechapel, the Castle Mound in Oxford, and Cambridge. In Oxford, an eccentric academic named Hinton joins them (an allusion to C. Howard Hinton of White Chappell, Scarlet Tracings ), and in Cambridge they encounter Simon
The Welsh borderlands were a distinctive territory where two peoples came together throughout the Anglo-Saxon period. It was here that men skilled at law drew up the Dunsate Agreement, to solve the impending problems with cattle theft. This book explores what sets the Dunsate Agreement apart from other Anglo-Saxon law codes grappling with cattle theft, highlighting that creators of this document, and the community that it concerns, included both Anglo-Saxons and Welsh. It argues that the Anglo-Saxon Chronicle represents the military culture of the Welsh borderlands in a distinctive way which aligns its inhabitants with outlaws. The book articulates a discernible culture in the Welsh borderlands prior to 1066. Bede's The Historia Ecclesiastica has long been interpreted as a narrative of Anglo/British strife. His rancour towards the pagan Mercians provides substantial information about the life of Penda of Mercia, whose entire reign over this borderlands kingdom was defined by consistent political and military unity with Welsh rulers. Expanding on the mixed culture, the book examines the various Latin and Old English Lives of the popular Anglo-Saxon saint, Guthlac of Crowland. Vernacular literary tradition reveals a group of Old English riddles that link the 'dark Welsh' to agricultural labour through the cattle they herd, and who have long been understood to show the Welsh as slaves. The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle is frequently cited as a paradigm of Anglo/Welsh antagonism. The book reveals that the impact of the Norman Conquest on the Anglo-Welsh border region was much greater than previously realised.
Moral borderlands: Criminality
during the occupation
Examining misconduct has already required a blurring of the lines
between illegal and legal definitions of behaviours in occupied France.
This chapter leans towards the legal by considering general criminality, another neglected area in works on the occupation. Studying
criminality poses well-known challenges. Police reports and statistics
evidently only demonstrate reported crimes, simply offering a glimpse
into actual criminality –albeit a useful, suggestive one. Thus, the
The Welsh borderlands in the
The previous chapters of this book have proposed that the Welsh borderlands had a culture of their own and were understood as a distinct region
by the authors of those early Anglo-Saxon texts that mention this territory.
This chapter moves forward chronologically to the tenth and eleventh
centuries and suggests that political alliance in the Welsh borderlands
during the later Anglo-Saxon period was a significant pattern across time.
The Anglo-Saxon Chronicle, a major historical source for the later
The transformation of the borderlands
outlaw in the eleventh century
Chapter Five argued that the Welsh borderlands are depicted as a politically allied and distinctive territory throughout the eleventh century in the
Anglo-Saxon Chronicle. The military customs of this region are also singular
in being closely aligned with a culture of outlawry, but those living in
the borderlands during the Anglo-Saxon period were not divorced from
society in the same ways as the outlaws of later romances. As Chapter Five
has discussed, the characterisation of the
The Welsh borderlands in the Lives of
Chapter Two argued that Bede’s Historia Ecclesiastica depicts a mixed
Anglo-Welsh culture in the Welsh borderlands in the seventh century. This
chapter extends this argument into the eighth century through an examination of the various Latin and Old English Lives of the popular Anglo-Saxon
saint, Guthlac of Crowland (d. 715). Guthlac’s Mercian youth and later
career as a hermit in the Fens link him indelibly to two of Britain’s most
geographically ambiguous spaces, and I argue that the group of AngloSaxon
Penda of Mercia and the Welsh
borderlands in Bede’s Historia
Bede’s eighth-century Historia Ecclesiastica Gentis Anglorum, one of the
earliest and most historically significant surviving texts of the Anglo-Saxon
period, narrates the conversion of the Anglo-Saxons to Christianity and
the nascent formation of what might be called an ‘English’ identity. The
Historia Ecclesiastica has long been interpreted as a narrative of Anglo/
British strife, because Bede is so critical of the Britons, who are in his perspective heretical. Yet because of Bede
Border crossings, shame and (re-)narrating
the past in the Ukrainian–Romanian
In April 2008, I celebrated my birthday in the village of Diyalivtsi,1 where I had been
living since October 2007, while carrying out research on informal economic practices in the Ukrainian–Romanian borderlands. My host, Rodika, and I had spent
some time preparing food and drink for visitors and the first to arrive were our good
friends and neighbours Luchika and her daughter Zhenia. Luchika and her son-inlaw Dima were both cross-border small traders of
This interdisciplinary volume explores the role of images and representation in different borderscapes. It provides fresh insight into the ways in which borders, borderscapes and migration are imagined and narrated by offering new ways to approach the political aesthetics of the border. The case studies in the volume contribute to the methodological renewal of border studies and present ways of discussing cultural representations of borders and related processes. The case studies address the role of borders in narrative and images in literary texts, political and popular imagery, surveillance data, video art and survivor testimonies in a highly comparative range of geographical contexts ranging from northern Europe, via Mediterranean and Mexican–US borderlands to Chinese borderlands. The disciplinary approaches include critical theory, literary studies, social anthropology, media studies and political geography. The volume argues that borderlands and border-crossings (such as those by migrants) are present in public discourse and more private, everyday experience. This volume addresses their mediation through various stories, photographs, films and other forms. It suggests that narratives and images are part of the borderscapes in which border-crossings and bordering processes take place, contributing to the negotiation of borders in the public sphere. As the case studies show, narratives and images enable identifying various top-down and bottom-up discourses to be heard and make visible different minority groups and constituencies.