Cooperation and trust were increasingly scarce commodities in the inner councils
of the EU. This book explores why the boldest initiative in the sixty-year quest
to achieve a borderless Europe has exploded in the face of the EU. A close
examination of each stage of the EU financial emergency that offers evidence
that the European values that are supposed to provide solidarity within the
twenty eight-member EU in good times and bad are flimsy and thinly distributed.
The book aims to show that it is possible to view the difficulties of the EU as
rooted in much longer-term decision-making. It begins with an exploration of the
long-term preparations that were made to create a single currency encompassing a
large part of the European Union. The book then examines the different ways in
which the European Union seized the initiative from the European nation-state,
from the formation of the Coal and Steel Community to the Maastricht Treaty. It
focuses on the role of France and Germany in the EU. Difficulties that have
arisen for the EU as it has tried to foster a new European consciousness are
discussed next. The increasingly strained relationship between the EU and the
democratic process is also examined. The book discusses the evolution of the
crisis in the eurozone and the shortcomings which have impeded the EU from
bringing it under control. It ends with a portrait of a European Union in 2013
wracked by mutual suspicions.
triple gallows on an open-top van, with a sign reading ‘Troika’ – in reference to the austerity inspectors from the European Union, the IMF and the European Central Bank. An officer from each of the services – police, coast guard and firefighters – then stood with his head in a noose. 6
This book explores why the boldest initiative in the sixty-year quest to achieve a borderlessEurope has exploded in the face of the EU. A close examination of each stage of the EU financial emergency offers evidence that the European values that are supposed to provide solidarity
road movie in the second part, in which Elias hitchhikes through a theoretically borderlessEurope until he reaches Paris. The Schengen Agreement – signed on 14 June 1985 by five European countries and gradually expanded to 26 countries as of 2011 – was created to build a Europe without national borders. Following globalist and transnational perspectives, a borderlessEurope encouraged the free flow of people, money, consumer goods and information. However, it has been clear since its inception that European borders are open to goods, capital and services, and
An ethical response from South Africa informed by vulnerability and justice
Wilson , T. L.
( 2016 ). Unravelling orders in a borderlessEurope? Cross-border reproductive care and the paradoxes of assisted reproductive technology policy in Germany and Poland , Reproductive Biomedicine & Society Online
3 , 48–59 .
Wright , J. A.
( 2012 ). Justice between fairness and love? Christian ethics in dialogue with Rawls and Niebuhr , International Journal of Public Theology
6 , 306–28 .
the Eurozone, involved a lack of coordination accompanied by increasing fragmentation. member states have divided over what to do and how, retreating even from the integration already in place, both in terms of Schengen’s borderlessEurope and the rules governing asylum seekers. In the security crisis, moreover, the failure to move toward any significant integration continues to plague the EU’s Common Security and Defense Policy (CSDP) – and this despite the rising risks of terrorism coming from the Middle East and the continued threat from Russia linked to the
Surveillance and transgender bodies in a post-9/ 11 era of neoliberalism
‘borderlessEurope’, the transfer of
responsibility of illegal immigration to the flight and shipping
companies, has resulted in many cases in even more scrupulous
checking of passports than before. An international system of
stratification has been created, at the top of which are found
western passports which almost always guarantee their carriers
the right of
Unlike their counterparts, international luminaries coded the Rhine's dark beauty as more than merely German. Victor Hugo's literary travelogue on the Rhine combined three trips he made with Juliette Drouet in 1838, 1839, and 1840. Woven into his vivid descriptions of the river is his political visions of a borderlessEurope (Thompson 2012 : 145). Disguised as letters to his wife, Hugo's prose celebrates the Rhine's pan-European character:
Yes, my friend, the Rhine is a noble river—feudal, republican
of Europe, but is very important for the future of Westerwelle’. 42
The genuine visionaries animated by a borderlessEurope began with Monnet and Schuman and seem to have expired with the retirement of Jacques Delors and Helmut Kohl in the 1990s. The integration agenda in the last twenty years has increasingly been directed by the requirements of political expediency, a characteristic that has also shaped the management of the current crisis in specific ways.
Much of the initial enthusiasm for the euro had sprung from the anticipated gains for what are now seen
within what Ortega theorises as a
‘borderless Ryan air [ sic ] world’ ( 2011 : 24). If, as Balibar puts it, it is the
working of the borderline that ‘produces’ ( 2009 : 203) the kinds of strangers so ubiquitous
in contemporary European cinema, touring exchanges within borderlessEurope can be seen as primarily producing new neighbours, friends, and
connections within a borderland space. Despite
Performing ‘out- of- placeness’ in the UK and Europe
-of-placeness’ as an embarrassing exception to the European ideal
of egalitarian citizenship.
In his assessment of ‘hierarchies of passage’ in post-Yugoslav states, Jansen
draws attention to how ‘the creation of a borderlessEurope was always
a doubly constitutive process: removing fences within it, it built higher
fences around’ (2009: 819). Ostojić’s practice, located in suspended relation to the promise of European citizenship, suggests how that regime
is not constrained to the outer geographical limits of the European project, but is