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Sam Rohdie

Bricolage One of the consequences for Orson Welles of working in Europe was that it took a long time, often years, for him to complete a film once begun, and, because he was subject to constraints imposed by a lack of funding, these productions had a ‘make-do’ quality to them, not exactly improvisation so much as resourcefulness. When costumes did not materialise for a scene in Othello (1952) because they had not been paid for, Welles shot the scene in a Turkish bath where costumes were not necessary. Similarly, studio set-ups were often not available to him

in Film modernism

This book explores a number of Alan Moore's works in various forms, including comics, performance, short prose and the novel, and presents a scholarly study of these texts. It offers additional readings to argue for a politically charged sense of Moore's position within the Gothic tradition, investigates surreal Englishness in The Bojeffries Saga, and discusses the doppelganger in Swamp Thing and From Hell. Radical environmental activism can be conceived as a Gothic politics invoking the malevolent spectre of a cataclysmic eco-apocalypse. The book presents Christian W. Schneider's treatment of the apocalyptic in Watchmen and a reassessment of the significance of liminality from the Gothic tradition in V for Vendetta. It explores the relationship between Moore's work and broader textual traditions, placing particular emphasis on the political and cultural significance of intertextual relationships and adaptations. A historically sensitive reading of From Hell connects Moore's concern with the urban environment to his engagement with a range of historical discourses. The book elucidates Moore's treatment of the superhero in relation to key Gothic novels such as The Castle of Otranto and presents an analysis of the nexus of group politics and survival in Watchmen. The book also engages in Moore's theories of art, magic, resurrections, and spirits in its discourse A Small Killing, A Disease of Language, and the Voice of the Fire. It also explores the insight that his adaptations of H.P. Lovecraft, which are laced with heterocosms and bricolage, can yield for broader understandings of his forays into the occult.

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Catherine J. Frieman

expansion in which the technological dominance of Europeans played a major role in their ability to conquer. Yet, even though the term is ambiguous and carries enormous, perhaps insurmountable, implicit associations, I have chosen to retain it in place of more neutral terminology, such as technological change, which is preferred by some of my colleagues (e.g. Schiffer 2011 ). Bricolage as meaning-making When I started to write this book several years ago, I imagined I would write a book about innovation for archaeologists in which I distilled insights from a range

in An archaeology of innovation
Nadia Kiwan

is always a risk that the individual will fall back on one of the two other poles, either attempting to subscribe entirely to individualist–universal values or, on the contrary, remaining within the realm of the community (Wieviorka 1993a). So it is possible to identify three main themes which characterise this definition of subjectivity: the notion of unstable identity, the theme of innovation or creativity (also present in the sense of bricolage identitaire or Roger Bastide’s sociologie du bricolage and Lapeyronnie’s construction de soi) and the notion of action

in Identities, discourses and experiences
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Heterocosms and bricolage in Moore’s recent reworkings of Lovecraft
Matthew J.A. Green

to Lovecraft in the form of a standalone short story. 3 The violence inherent in bricolage is mirrored, 4 in Lovecraft’s work, by representations of forces capable not only of violating bodies, but of bursting through the very fabric of time and space; the only hope resides in a careful negotiation of textual bodies – either the careful curtailing of knowledge

in Alan Moore and the Gothic Tradition
Bruce Woodcock

Edwards has argued against the ‘totalising rhetoric’ of Daniel’s critical template. 12 Edwards’s Derridean-influenced article usefully sets Carey’s text off against Murray Bail’s post-modern play in Homesickness (1980) and Holden’s Performance (1988) and examines Carey’s post-modern exploration of construction and bricolage particularly through a focus on language and writing. Margaret Harris has made interesting intertexual analogies with George Eliot’s The Mill on the Floss 13 to demonstrate the post-modern qualities of Oscar and Lucinda , while Wenche

in Peter Carey
Michael D. Leigh

Air-raid sirens were tested, weaponstraining began and trenches were dug at a leisurely pace. 11 People seemed more interested in the activities of former mission-school boys in the Cabinet and Churchill’s fisticuffs with U Saw in London. 12 The mood in Mandalay changed abruptly in December 1941. The bricolage of fear, cynicism and nervous anticipation gave way to blind panic. The mood was heightened by the sight of European refugees packing into Wesley Church for prayer and carol-singing. 13 White strangers

in Conflict, politics and proselytism
The threshold between abstraction and materiality
Lisa Mullen

history into a pure and irreducible eternity, remote from its former spatial and personal meaning. By accessing eternity in this way, bombsites became a refuge for those who wanted to escape from modernity, and so a theme of conflict with modernism often characterises the cultural examples in this chapter. Modernism, with its enthusiasm for bricolage and fragment, seemed to have predicted the ruinscape of the 1940s, but I would argue that, as a way of looking at the world, it was put under strain by the sudden actualisation of its metaphors. In

in Mid-century gothic
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Author: Sam Rohdie

This book consists of 50 categories arranged in alphabetical order centred on film modernism. Each category, though autonomous, interacts, intersects, juxtaposes with the others, entering into a dialogue with them and in so doing creates connections, illuminations, associations and rhymes which may not have arisen in a more conventional framework. The categories refer to particular films and directors that raise questions related to modernism, and, inevitably thereby to classicism. The book is more in the way of questions and speculations than answers and conclusions. Its intention is to stimulate not simply by the substance of what is said, but by the way it is said and structured. Most attention is given to the works of Michelangelo Antonioni, Bernardo Bertolucci, John Ford, Jean-Luc Godard, Howard Hawks, Alfred Hitchcock, João César Monteiro, Pier Paolo Pasolini, Nicholas Ray, Alain Resnais, Roberto Rossellini, Luchino Visconti and Orson Welles. The apparent arbitrary order and openness of the book, based as it is on the alphabet is indebted to Jean-Luc Godard’s interrogation of History and of film history especially true in his stunning Histoire(s) du cinema.

French inflections
Author: Richard Hillman

This book discusses Shakespeare’s deployment of French material within genres whose dominant Italian models and affinities might seem to leave little scope for French ones. It proposes specific, and unsuspected, points of contact but also a broad tendency to draw on French intertexts, both dramatic and non-dramatic, to inflect comic forms in potentially tragic directions. The resulting tensions within the genre are evident from the earliest comedies to the latest tragicomedies (or ‘romances’). An introduction establishes the French inflection of Italian modes and models, beginning with The Taming of the Shrew, as a compositional paradigm and the basis for an intertextual critical approach. Next, A Midsummer Night’s Dream is related to three French intertexts highlighting, respectively, its use of pastoral dramatic convention, its colouration by the histoire tragique and its parodic dramatisation of the Pyramus and Thisbe story. The third chapter interrogates the ‘French’ settings found in the romantic comedies, while the fourth applies French intertexts to three middle-to-late comedies as experiments in tragicomedy. Finally, the distinctive form given tragicomedy (or ‘romance’) in Shakespeare’s late production is set against the evolution of tragicomedy in France and related to French intertexts that shed new light on the generic synthesis achieved—and the degree of bricolage employed in achieving it.