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Under-investment and confusion marketing
Andrew Bowman, Ismail Ertürk, Julie Froud, Sukhdev Johal, and John Law

Chapter 2 Telecoms and broadband: under-­investment and confusion marketing Overview In mainstream UK politics, utility privatization is generally represented as one of Mrs Thatcher’s great policy successes which symbolically separates us from the bad old days of the 1970s. Telecoms privatisation is singled out as a best case because, thanks to regulatory intervention, the sector has apparently delivered private investment and lower prices in a way that other privatisations have not. Our case analysis of broadband challenges all this. Thirty years after

in The end of the experiment?
From competition to the foundational economy

For thirty years, the British economy has repeated the same old experiment of subjecting everything to competition and market because that is what works in the imagination of central government. This book demonstrates the repeated failure of the 30 year policy experiments by examining three sectors: broadband, food supply and retail banking. It argues against naïve metaphors of national disease, highlights the imaginary (or cosmology) that frames those metaphors, and draws out the implications of the experiment. Discussing the role of the experiments in post-1945 Britain, the book's overview on telecommunications, supermarkets and retail banking, reveals the limits of treatment by competition. Privatisation of fixed line telecoms in the UK delivered a system in which the private and public interests are only partially aligned in relation to provision of broadband. Individual supermarket chains may struggle but the four big UK supermarket chains are generally presented as exemplars because they have for a generation combined adequate profits with low price, choice and quality to deliver shareholder value. The many inquiries into retail banking after the financial crisis have concluded that the sector's problem was not enough competition. In a devolved experiment, socially-licensed policies and priorities vary from place to place and context to context. However, meaningful political engagement with the specifics in the economy will need to avoid losing sight of four principles: contestation, judgement, discussion, and tinkering. While others can be blamed for the failure of the experiments, the political responsibility for the ending and starting another is collectively peoples'.

Open Access (free)
Governing Precarity through Adaptive Design
Mark Duffield

economies of the global South ( Duffield, 2018 ). The spread of mobile telephony and broadband has created new ways of knowing, incorporating and acting upon the precariat ( UNGP, 2009 ). Through the electronic traces created and assiduously recorded by digital technologies, data informatics makes visible what was previously denied to conventional accounting. Namely, the transactions, affordances and networks that maintain the social reproduction of the precariat under conditions of permanent emergency ( UNGP, 2013 ). The incorporation of the

Journal of Humanitarian Affairs
Christopher T. Marsden

that there is a problem an acceptance and willingness to deal with those problems that were shown to have emerged regulation of customer switching problems between IAPs regulation of video on broadband offered by the public service broadcaster BBC and a light touch attempt to persuade IAPs to offer greater transparency to users. The first point is denial that a problem existed until 2006, even though BT admitted

in Network neutrality
Hugh Atkinson

closeness to the local community give them a character that sets them aside from what we traditionally understand to be local authorities. One might argue that they are informal in their formality. In essence they reflect both the representative and participatory forms of democracy that I discussed in Chapter 1. Fourth, consideration will be given to the potential of utilising technology such as high-speed community broadband, in enhancing civic engagement, building communities and developing social capital. Finally, there will be an examination of what one could term the

in Local democracy, civic engagement and community
Open Access (free)
Christopher T. Marsden

several national regulators who are sympathetic to such arguments, as they hold net neutrality as not so much a Friday afternoon job in their remit, as a never-to-be-enforced power. This is hardly surprising when regulators have always resisted new sector-specific regulation, favour consolidation of operators to increase investment in ‘superfast’ ( sic ) broadband, and have no new

in Network neutrality
Robin Nelson

divide in the first place. Many may be excluded from “highend” access. Downsides In TV3, people’s relationship with television and disposition to commerce is changing rapidly. Subscription, or pay-per-view TV is increasingly accepted, particularly by the influential 18–34 age range – the audience of the future. Significant numbers of people already access television through broadband PC connections and the possibility of view-on-demand access through the internet to programmes, and libraries of past programmes, makes broadband the likely future distribution method for

in State of play
Thomas M. Hanna

-fast networks.56 These publicly owned systems commonly provide higher speeds, better service, lower costs, and updated infrastructure in communities often neglected by large for-profit companies. In Chattanooga, Tennessee, the city’s publicly owned utility (EPB – Electric Power Board), for instance, has been operating a fiber network since 2009, and was the first location in the United States to offer 1gb service. Public ownership in the US and around the world   19 The emergence of a municipal broadband network in the city has also forced the corporate provider, Comcast

in Our common wealth
Towards Specialised Services?
Christopher T. Marsden

the FCC, and the design principle of E2E. That principle itself was bypassed by the need for greater trust and reliability in the emerging broadband network by the late 1990s, particularly as spam email led to viruses, botnets and other risks. E2E has gradually given way to trust-to-trust mechanisms, in which it is receipt of the message by one party’s trusted agent which replaces the receipt by final

in Network neutrality
Christopher T. Marsden

Instead of regulated access to telecoms networks, the US has less regulated broadband ‘information’, not ‘telecommunications’ services. 19 In 2004 deregulatory FCC Chair Michael Powell declared: I challenge the broadband network industry to preserve the following Internet Freedoms: Freedom to Access Content; Freedom to Use

in Network neutrality